Greenhouse "spring-summer" what can be grown?
When spring comes into its own, it is still too early to plant plants in open ground. But those who have a greenhouse on the site are not afraid of sudden changes in temperature.
In the greenhouse, you can also sow lettuce, herbs and other vegetables, as well as flowers in winter.
Various vessels with drainage holes are suitable for sowing plants - pots, boxes, bowls. Vessels with a closed bottom are used for swelling peat (seedling) pots.
Pots and drawers are best placed on tables and shelves (photo 1). If there are none in the greenhouse, they can be made with your own hands. Particularly convenient are the shelves suspended from the details of the greenhouse structure. In a suspended position, they do not interfere with work at all, for example, when planting plants in soil beds (photo 2, 3).
Success in growing seedlings largely depends on the quality of the soil, which must have very good permeability, but not contain too many nutrients. Only after a few weeks, when shoots appear, fertilized flower soil will be needed. Along with the quality of the soil, its moisture content also plays an important role, which should be uniform throughout the entire thickness of the soil.
Contribute to the successful cultivation of seedlings and the presence in the greenhouse of a heating cable laid in soil beds, or laying heating mats under the vessels with plants. The latter will help to minimize the difference between day and night temperatures, especially noticeable on sunny days. For the same purpose, you can use foam boxes in which vegetables and fruits (ready-made or do-it-yourself) are transported. But they are less efficient.
Moisture for the development of seedlings and young plants is important, but its excess, combined with heat, will do more harm than good. On warm days, the greenhouse must be ventilated through windows, which should be at least two - in the roof and, if possible, two - in the walls. With temperature-controlled window openers, this process occurs automatically.
Favorable conditions for the development of plants can create powerful fans that ensure effective air circulation, which promotes an even distribution of heat and moisture in the greenhouse. As a result, the probability of damage to plants by fungal diseases is minimized or even eliminated.
GROWING PLANTS IN A GREENHOUSE
A significant part of the greenhouse space can be used for racks for seed pots. On the lowest shelf of the rack, where it is darkest, it is advisable to place those pots that have just been sown with seeds, higher - those in which green shoots have already appeared, and on the top shelf - pots with already picked plants (photo 5).
PULLING PLANTING HOLES
By inserting pointed wooden dowels into a plaster grater the size of a seed vessel, they get an easy-to-use tool with which you can quickly, in one motion, make the required number of planting holes in the ground (photo 4).
- The presence of peat swelling (seedling) pots eliminates the need to dive seedlings.
- each pot put one to three seeds. Later, plants are planted with an earthy clod or placed in larger vessels.
- The earth (greenhouse-greenhouse peat compost mixture) is poured into a seed vessel, abundantly moistened and smoothed. Then the seeds are evenly scattered on the ground. In a foam vessel, as in the photo, the earth and seeds are reliably protected from the night cold.
- Scattered seeds are gently pressed into the ground with a plank, slightly covering them with it.
- When one or two leaves appear on the shoots and you can take them with your hands, they start diving. On the left - a sowing vessel before the plants dive, on the right - picked plants in peat (seedling pots).
- Trying not to damage the delicate roots, the seedlings are carefully lifted from the ground with a pick hook or a pick spatula.
POTTING BUT NOT POTTING IN THEM
Each transplant into pots of young plants throws back their development by one to two weeks, since, as a rule, the roots are slightly damaged. The situation is different with pressed peat pots: here the plant is transplanted together with its pot into a larger pot. Pressed peat is strong enough to hold an earthen ball, and at the same time so permeable that roots easily grow through it in all directions. Peat pots are available in various sizes.
We wish gardeners success in growing seedlings and fresh early greens for the table.
Reference by topic: The earliest greens in the greenhouse - advises candidate of agricultural sciences
EARLY VEGETABLES AND GREEN IN A GREENHOUSE - VIDEO
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