WORK IN THE GARDEN AND GARDEN AT THE END OF SUMMER
It would seem that at the end of the summer the only thing left for gardeners is to harvest and turn the blanks.
But no, it turns out that there is still a lot of things that will not only allow you to collect more vegetables, but also make a significant start for next year.
It is advisable to cover heat-loving crops growing in open ground in August with a film tunnel for the night. This will extend the fruiting period by 2 weeks.
METHOD FOR SOWING SIDERATES
The depth of the grooves is 2-3 cm
Distance between rows - 15-20 cm
A bed of 10 sq.m requires 150-200 g of rye, oats or barley seeds, 2 tbsp. mustard or rapeseed
After sowing, the plot must be watered at the rate of a bucket of water per 1 sq.m of beds
1. FEEDING AND WATERING
Final feeding should be carried out 3-4 weeks before harvesting vegetables that you plan to store in winter (carrots, beets, cabbage, potatoes). To make the fruits tastier, be sure to add phosphorus and potassium. Potassium monophosphate (1 tsp per 1 sq.m.) is best suited for final feeding. You can get by with superphosphate and potassium sulfate (1 tsp per 1 sq.m). Fertilizers should be spread along the rows before rain or watering. This top dressing not only improves the taste of the crop, but also increases its keeping quality.
I would like to emphasize that the top dressing described above is especially needed for onions, which are grown from seeds. It will have to be harvested only in September, and now it simply needs fertilizer.
As for watering, in August they are needed only if there is no precipitation. Because if the drought is abruptly replaced by rain, vegetables can crack. This is especially true for carrots and cabbage. Changes in humidity are less dangerous for beets and potatoes, however, fertilizers are not absorbed in dry land, and the yield will be much lower. It is in the last 2-3 weeks before harvesting that an intensive increase in the mass of the crop occurs.
2. PROTECTION FROM DISEASE
In August, when the dews are abundant and the nights are cool, the plants are especially vulnerable to fungal and bacterial infections. In dew drops, spores of pathogenic microbes quickly germinate, and low temperatures at night weaken the immunity of plants.
To prevent the development of diseases, cover cucumbers, tomatoes, zucchini and other heat-loving crops for the night with spunbond. Below it, temperature drops will be less significant, and dew will not form.
To protect tomatoes from phytophthora, spray them over the leaves with Phytosporin once every 10 days.
During rainy periods, place wooden boards or hard plastic plates under the fruits of pumpkins, melons and watermelons. Keep in mind that the lining should be wide enough so that as the fetus grows, it fits on it.
Reference by topic: 8 important things to do in the garden in August - all step by step
3. SOWING SIDERATS AT THE END OF SUMMER
In the second half of August, after harvesting early crops (winter garlic, onions, cucumbers, lettuce, radishes, peas, beans, early cabbage, early potatoes), some of the beds are vacated on which green manure can be sown: winter rye, wheat, barley, oats, mustard , rapeseed. They grow beautifully until November and add in mass. Before winter, green manure has time to form a rosette of leaves and a root system that can withstand the cold. In the spring, as soon as the soil temperature reaches +5 degrees, the roots will come to life, and the buds formed in the fall will give powerful shoots.
At the beginning of May, beds with green manure will need to be dug up, planting greenery in the soil. This will not only saturate the soil with nutrients (much like after applying manure), but also improve the structure of the soil, make it more loose and breathable. Experienced gardeners note that after green manure, the number of weeds is significantly reduced, vegetables get sick less often and are less damaged by pests.
4. HARVEST ON TIME
In August, try to harvest zucchini, cucumbers, tomatoes, peppers as often as possible: vegetables will bear fruit better if the fruits are not allowed to overripe.
Do not wait for broccoli and cauliflower to overgrow (in dry, hot weather, they can instantly go into the arrow). When cutting off the heads, do not rush to uproot the broccoli. In a month and a half, new inflorescences will grow from the lateral points of growth. Sprinkle the cut with crushed coal - this will protect the cabbage from infection with various diseases.
5. REMOVE EXCESSIVE
In the second half of August, pinch the tops and remove all stepchildren and flowers from tomatoes. This is necessary so that all the forces of the plants go to the maturation of an already formed crop.
Follow the same procedure for peppers and eggplants.
WORK IN THE GARDEN AT THE END OF SUMMER - VIDEO
© Author: Anton LESHCHEV, Cand. agricultural sciences
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- Calendar of works in the garden, vegetable garden and summer cottage in January and February
- Fertilizing the garden in July - how to avoid an overdose
- Preparation of a garden, a summer house, a flower garden and a kitchen garden for the winter with own hands - from A to Z
- When to spray trees and the table of terms of garden works
- May at the dacha - work to be done on the plot, garden and garden
- What to do in the flower garden in the middle of summer - possible problems
- What to do in the garden in May - processing with vitriol and Bordeaux liquid, planting and freezing
- Garden at the beginning of winter - what to do? 5 questions and 5 answers
- Sowing flower seeds for seedlings - December
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