- ✓ WHAT CAULIFLIES LIKE
- ✓ CAULIFLOWER FERTILIZER
- ✓ VARIETIES FROM WHITE TO COLORED
- ✓ EARLY VARIETIES OF CAULIFLOWER (MAPING TIME 70-90 DAYS).
- ✓ MIDDLE-MAPING VARIETIES OF CAULIFLOWER (MAPING TIME 100-120 DAYS).
- ✓ LATE VARIETIES OF CAULIFLOWER (MAPING TIME FROM 125 DAYS).
- ✓ THE BEST VARIETIES OF CAULIFLOWER - REVIEW ON VIDEO
CAULIFLOWER: WHAT IS NOT TERRIBLE
This cabbage is a real vegetable delicacy. But to get beautiful juicy heads, modified rudiments of flowering shoots, is not a standard thing at all. It is necessary to provide the plants with the necessary conditions - simple, but special.
WHAT CAULIFLIES LIKE
Cauliflower is more thermophilic than white cabbage, so seedlings are usually planted in the second half of May. Plants form a normal dense head in a certain temperature range - from 12 ° to 25 °. Therefore, if the summer is cold, they grow small, fibrous, and if the heat lasts for a long time, they grow loose. In drought, they may not form at all. To prevent this from happening, the plants are shaded and constantly sprayed. This cabbage is an annual, if the head is not cut off in time, it will bloom and produce seeds.
Cauliflower does not keep for long and darkens, but the freshness of the heads can be extended. The plant is dug up, the roots are cleaned from the ground and the lower leaves (3-4 pieces) are cut off, then they are hung upside down in a cool room. After a week, you can remove the remaining leaves. Wrap the head in paper and put in the refrigerator.
Before the appearance of inflorescences, plants need an open place, but it is better to form a head in the shade. It is difficult to find such a plot in the garden, so the shadow often has to be created artificially, covering the inflorescence over the broken bottom sheet. And it’s easier to cover the entire garden with a white non-woven fabric, and at the same time protect the plants from cabbage butterflies.
Know-how: order special hats for summer residents in online stores - thin moisture- and breathable covers made of non-woven material with an elastic band. They are designed to protect against pests and birds, as well as sunburn. The capped cauliflower will be white and clean. And a week before cutting, you can wrap the head of cauliflower with black non-woven fabric - it will turn white and become softer.
Due to the rapid growth of cauliflower, it places high demands on growing conditions - soil structure and fertility, nutrition, moisture. In addition, unlike white cabbage, it has a weak fibrous root system, so watering is needed mainly on the surface, loosening the soil 3-4 times per season to a depth of no more than 5 cm, followed by mulching. Irrigation breaks cause growth to stop and the formation of small heads that start early for further growth.
As soon as a strong stem grows at the cabbage, it is spudded, pouring an earthen pad under the lower leaves.
Cauliflower is rich in protein with a high content of essential amino acids and is close in nutritional value to chicken. It is easily absorbed by the body and is recommended for children, dietary and medical nutrition, especially useful for patients with diabetes.
Cauliflower is fertilized differently from white cabbage, the numerous leaves of which, curling into a head, need a lot of nitrogen. The color head needs primarily phosphorus and potassium, as well as several important trace elements; Therefore, the composition and mode of feeding is very important. There are at least three of them.
The first - on the 10-14th day after rooting of seedlings: complex mineral fertilizer (azofoska, nitroammophoska -30-35 g per 10 liters of water). The second - two weeks after the first: the same azofoska and 10 g of boric acid and ammonium molybdate each. The third top dressing is required when the head begins to ripen, it is necessary to enrich the soil with other trace elements - manganese, iodine, copper, zinc: 5 g of manganese sulfate, 0,1 g of potassium iodide, 5 g of copper sulfate, 5 g of zinc sulfate per 10 liters of water . This activates the growth and development of plants and accelerates maturation.
The prepared solutions are applied under the root. If there are no micronutrient fertilizers, you can pour a handful of ash under each bush every 10-14 days.
VARIETIES FROM WHITE TO COLORED
The State Register of Breeding Achievements of the Russian Federation presents a wide variety of varieties and hybrids of F, cauliflower, but there are not so many that are guaranteed to form a standard head in the middle lane under any weather conditions.
EARLY VARIETIES OF CAULIFLOWER (MAPING TIME 70-90 DAYS).
F1 Nautilus. Forms a large (1,5-2 kg) head. The inflorescence is well covered with leaves, which ensures high quality products.
F1 Snowball. Harvest hybrid. The head really resembles a snow globe - very dense,
F1 Cheddar round, sometimes slightly flattened, not too bumpy, weighing up to 1,5 kg. The upper leaves grow vertically and cover it weakly.
F1 Goodman. A hybrid with medium-sized (up to 1 kg), but very dense, tasty, crispy heads, which are securely covered with leaves and have a milky white color.
Stores well, ideal for freezing.
MIDDLE-MAPING VARIETIES OF CAULIFLOWER (MAPING TIME 100-120 DAYS).
F1 Cortes. Yielding unpretentious hybrid. The heads are rounded, medium bumpy, dense, weighing 2-3 kg, well covered with leaves.
F1 Fremont. Consistently productive, resistant to unfavorable environmental conditions. The head is dense, weighing 2,5-3 kg, well covered with leaves.
F1 Parisian. Hybrid of domestic selection. Productive, cold-resistant, resistant to adverse environmental conditions and bacterial diseases, rarely goes into bloom. Head weighing up to 2,5 kg, partially covered with leaves, snow-white, very tasty.
F1 Candide charm. Reliable, unpretentious, heat-resistant hybrid for different climatic zones, characterized by friendly maturation. The head is dense, large (about 3 kg), snow-white, well protected by leaves from sunburn.
LATE VARIETIES OF CAULIFLOWER (MAPING TIME FROM 125 DAYS).
F1 Skywalker. Forms large (up to 3,5 kg), dense heads well covered with leaves. Resistant to major diseases of cabbage, heat-resistant, hardy to adverse environmental conditions. One of the best hybrids for freezing, canning and long-term storage.
F1 Incline. Yielding, cold-resistant, relatively unpretentious hybrid. Plants are aligned. The heads are round, large (up to 2,5 kg), dense, snow-white. The leaves protect the heads well from sunburn and yellowing. The taste qualities are excellent. Resistant to major cabbage diseases.
"Colorful" varieties of cauliflower are not only more beautiful, but also healthier.
The orange hybrid F1 Cheddar has 25 times more carotene (provitamin A) than white head cauliflower. The composition of the cabbage of the purple hybrid F, Rosalind and the same variety Lilac ball includes anthocyanins that prevent the occurrence of inflammatory processes in the body. The green variety Universal is the leader in the content of antioxidants that help prevent cell damage.
THE BEST VARIETIES OF CAULIFLOWER - REVIEW ON VIDEO
© Author: O. SHMAL, junior researcher Selection stomtsha mm. NL. Timofeevo RGAU-MSHA
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- How to grow two cauliflower crops
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- How to plant Chinese cabbage and how to care for it
- Growing white cabbage in Tatarstan - tips
- Cabbage variety Nadezhda - cultivation
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- Growing cabbage under white covering material - my advice and feedback (Moscow)
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