Planting lilies in autumn - all the nuances
AUTUMN PLANTING OF LILYS - HOW CORRECT?
Preserving lily bulbs until spring planting is, in principle, not a problem. But still, if you purchased them, and the land still allows, plant them in the garden without putting it off until spring.
It is important for bulbous plants to have time to take root before the ground freezes, and this is possible if the temperature of the upper layers of the soil is kept at 5-7 °. For soil to freeze, not short-term and only ground night frosts are needed, but also daytime sub-zero temperatures. In addition, the land that warms up during the summer freezes more slowly in the fall than it thaws in the spring.
HOW TO PLEASE LILYS WHEN LANDING
All lilies love the sun, so the place for their planting should be open. The only exceptions are plants from the group martagon hybrids and Eastern hybrids, which are more suitable for light partial shade. For lilies, G areas are unsuitable where spring or autumn waters linger or groundwater is located close.
Depending on the belonging to a particular group, the requirements for soil in plants are different. Asian hybrids and LA hybrids need slightly acidic and neutral soils; if necessary, peat is added for their planting. Tubular lilies grow well on slightly alkaline soils; for this, the earth is deoxidized with lime or ash. Oriental hybrids prefer loose soil with an acidic reaction; for them, crushed sphagnum moss can be added to the ground. To please a plant, it is important to know which group it belongs to.
If "nameless" bulbs come to you, pay attention to their color, shape, size and arrangement of scales. In tubular, the bulb has a slightly elongated shape, painted purple or white. In Asian and LA hybrids, the scales are dense, white, pinkish spots are visible on them in the light. In the Eastern - most often yellow, located more loosely.
Reference by topic: Tubular, giant lilies - my experience of planting and care
DETERMINE THE QUALITY OF LILY PLANTING MATERIAL
To determine the quality of planting material, consider the bottom of the bulb - it should be dense and intact. If there are traces of rot on it, there are browned or blackened places, then such an onion is rejected. It is desirable that the roots are alive, but this is not so important during autumn planting. If in the spring it is recommended to buy bulbs with small sprouts (such lilies have already passed the dormant period and will bloom this summer), then in the fall you need to choose planting material without sprouts. Then, having taken root, the bulbs will go through a natural dormant period in May and begin their growth.
Ideally, the bulb should be dense and resilient. If it is loose and the scales are slightly attached, then you can try to bring it back to normal. To do this, wrap the dried onion with a damp cloth, put it in a plastic bag and put it in the refrigerator. Usually after a few days the turgor is restored.
Take as a rule all the bulbs, even if they look healthy outwardly, be sure to treat them with some kind of fungicidal preparation before planting. This will protect you from the spread of dangerous fungal diseases in the garden.
LANDING LILY ACCORDING TO THE RULES
For good growth, lilies need a lot of nutrition, that is, the soil must be well seasoned - per 1 sq. m of land, you can make 1-1,5 buckets of rotted compost or humus.
Lilies are planted in holes or grooves. Planting depth is calculated as for most bulbs and should be equal to three times the height of the bulb. But you need to take into account the mechanical composition of the soil. So, on heavy soils, the depth should be less, and on light sandy bulbs, it is recommended to plant a little deeper.
The distance between lilies depends on the height of the plants. Large varieties are planted after 20-25 cm, low ones - at intervals of 10-15 cm. After planting, water the area with planted lilies well.
For reliability, it is better to insulate late plantings by mulching with humus, fallen leaves or sawdust. You can use spruce branches, but the attitude towards it has recently been ambiguous. It is believed that it does not protect the earth well from abrupt cooling and does not serve as a serious obstacle to rodents. However, spruce branches are excellent for retaining snow.
It is recommended to dig up lilies only for division and transplantation, usually this is done every 4-5 years. During this time, they grow a whole nest of adult bulbs and children. It is undesirable to disturb plants more often. And even more so, you don’t need to dig up lilies every year to save them in the winter. Digging leads to a weakening of the plant: the bulb loses its roots and then, after planting, spends energy on their secondary formation. Varieties of lilies belonging to the class of Asian hybrids winter quietly in the open field. The more delicate Eastern, Tubular, LA and OT hybrids in the northern regions of the middle lane make sense to mulch for the winter with a leaf or humus.
Reference by topic: Lily flowers (photo) - planting and care, reproduction and properties
LANDING LILY IN AUTUMN - VIDEO
© Author: N. VERSHININA, florist
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2 Review (s)
Why are lily bulbs always so expensive?
To get a full-fledged lily bulb, which produces high-quality flowers, it needs to be built up for several years. That is why planting material is expensive. It is unprofitable for a flower grower if you want to immediately have a flower not in a single copy, but a whole curtain of plants.
By the way, today more than 6000 varieties of lilies are known. A huge number of them are grown on plantations to obtain raw materials for perfumery and cosmetic products, as well as for cutting.