SUMMER PLANTING OF IRISES IS THE MOST FAVORABLE
Iris is the real king of the flower garden. You can look at this plant, admiring its beauty, endlessly.
In bearded irises, I am first of all attracted by the richness of colors, the texture of silk petals sparkling in the sun, as well as the original shape and outlandish structure of the flower.
The plant got its name due to the "beard", which is a dense bristly villi located on the upper part of the lower petals at their base. The beard is designed to attract pollinating insects. The three lower perianth lobes (petals) are called “fouls”, and the upper petals are called “standards”.
The color of irises is the most diverse: burgundy, white, purple, blue, yellow, copper, orange, pink, milky, blue-black, brown, blue.
But most of all, I am surprised, delighted and excite my mind by contrasting, as well as harmonious transitional color combinations on one flower: white with blue, pinkish-cream with purple-lilac, pastel blue with rich blue, creamy yellow with pale honey , pink-lilac with purple, apricot-lavender, yellow-apricot. The unusual spraying, hatched framing, and edging on the lower petals look no less delightful.
Moreover, each variety has its own special, refined aroma: surrounded by flowering irises, I inhale the aromas of musk, sweet caramel, candy or vanilla.
Today, irises are experiencing the peak of popularity, and every year there are more and more fans of these plants. But this is not surprising!
Modern varieties have become much more beautiful, acquired more charm, grace. The flowers have become larger, and the presence of 5-7 buds on one peduncle contributes to more abundant and lush flowering of the bouquet type. There are even remontant, that is, re-blooming (August - September) irises, which is good news.
My irises bloom from the second half of May for about 3-4 weeks. But when choosing varieties of irises, keep in mind that there are varieties of early, medium and late flowering periods. Thus, having skillfully selected varieties, you can admire the flower rainbow from May to early July.
Reference by topic: Growing marsh iris (photo) - care and reproduction
RULES FOR SUMMER PLANTING OF IRIS
A prerequisite for abundant flowering is the placement of irises in open and sunny areas. After all, the more sun the plant receives, the better it blooms and pleases with larger and brighter flowers.
The biggest danger for irises is excessive dampness (under such conditions, irises suffer from root rot). The landing site must be with good drainage, and the soil is loose. Heavy clay soils, which warm up longer and accumulate a lot of moisture, must be improved without fail: sand and peat should be added. For irises, the acidity of the soil is also important: it is ideal if it is neutral.
I divide my irises every 5 years. I usually do this two or three weeks after flowering (when the beginnings of new roots appear, but the flower buds have not yet had time to form). I consider the summer planting of irises the most favorable. I pre-disinfect delenki irises (I use the drug "Maxim").
The ideal place for landing is with a slight elevation and always protected from the wind. I advise you to pay attention to a very important point: in no case should the rhizomes be deeply buried during planting (the “back” of the rhizome should be warmed up by the sun).
I place the division in such a way that the rhizomes are located on the south side, and the leaves look north.
Often too deep planting of irises is the reason for the lack of flowering. Even if you deeply deepen the rhizomes when planting, the plants will begin to bloom only when they “raise” the rhizomes closer to the soil surface.
FEEDING OF IRISES
You can feed irises with fertilizers only in liquid form. Dry feeding can cause plant burns, because the root system of irises is located very close to the soil surface. I carry out the first top dressing (with a complex mineral fertilizer with a predominance of nitrogen) during the period of initial leaf growth, and during the budding period (a couple of weeks before flowering) I feed the irises with phosphorus-potassium fertilizer.
As for organic matter, it is prohibited. Organic fertilizers promote excessive growth of the vegetative mass at the expense of flowering. And at the end of summer, mineral fertilizers with a predominance of nitrogen cannot be applied either (otherwise the rhizome fats, becomes loose and does not tolerate wintering well).
I water my irises only during periods of very dry weather. According to my observations, these plants easily tolerate the lack of watering (all thanks to the fleshy rhizomes). But do not forget that moderate watering is required in the first weeks after planting and during budding. In the second half of summer, I limit watering, and in autumn I don’t water irises at all.
Reference by topic: Siberian irises (photo) - landing and division, the fight against diseases
LANDING AND TRANSFER OF IRISES - VIDEO
© Author: Yulia Kupina, Leninsky village, Belgorod region
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