Tomatoes according to the Shadrin method and minus superphosphate (Perm region)
GROWING TOMATOES BY THE SHADRIN METHOD IN THE URALS: SQUARE WITH A HOLE IN THE MIDDLE
I am already writing a second letter on the topic of growing tomatoes in a greenhouse, because I really want to invite all readers to talk about how to prepare the land, for planting, about watering in bottles and in a hole when planting in a square way with a hole in the middle in the photo (V. Shadrin's method).
Before I got acquainted with this method, in the fall we removed all plant debris in the greenhouse, I scattered superphosphate at the rate indicated on the package, then dug it up with a pitchfork (we dig all the ground only with a pitchfork), sprayed the soil with copper-containing preparations and sowed mustard. All. On this, the care of the land in the greenhouse ended, and she left before winter.
In March, they threw snow on the beds. In the spring, humus, ash, shells, and husks were put into each well, but I still added a small pinch of superphosphate: I had such an idea that nothing would grow without it. However, having switched to the method of watering through bottles, I began to ask myself the question: why put fertilizers in the hole, if I water this hole for two weeks at most, and then pour it into a five-liter bottle, which costs 7-10 cm from the root ?
I stopped translating superphosphate, but added everything else anyway.
To increase soil fertility, since the fall of 2020, my husband and I began to make two grooves in the greenhouse soil and fill in all healthy plant residues from the garden (except for potato and tomato tops). My husband first cuts them on a stump, then we put them in buckets and first we fill in one groove, and when we completely fall asleep, we dig a groove on the other side and we also fall asleep. We have four furrows on two sides of the greenhouse.
I noticed that the tops of vegetables rot almost without residue, but the leaves, although they say that leaf humus is the best, partially remain. But I bury them again in the ground in the spring. In 2020, I added more dolomite flour to these grooves and the remains of feathers from the pillow.
Since last year, all fertilizers and top dressings have been applied in liquid form - in bottles or in a hole in the middle with a square way of planting tomatoes. Or fed by spraying, but this is mainly when treating diseases.
In our cooperative, water is most often supplied from a well, and there is an excess of calcium in it - a white coating remains on the ground. What happens in this case with the land is not clear, only some beets, currants, and grapes began to grow poorly. Other crops are also deficient in chlorophyll, the leaves turn yellow ... Maybe such water was the cause of the lack of calcium in the vegetables grown in the greenhouse?
This does not appear on all tomatoes and peppers, but partially: sometimes top rot forms on the very first fruits. They write that in this case, you can add half a glass of dolomite flour under each bush during irrigation or apply fertilizer containing calcium. And it seems to be easy, but I also have another misfortune observed with a sharp change in weather.
See also: Falling asleep of tomato stems when planting with earth (Maslov's method) my reviews
There was bad weather or just cloudy weather, for example, for a week, and then once - and the heat was utter. And immediately on tomatoes (though only on indeterminate varieties), the tops of the bushes turn blue or blacken, wither.
If you noticed in time and immediately watered abundantly, then a part may move away, but the part still dries and dies off.
In 2020, this happened in August, although the heat was not so strong - the tops of a number of bushes had to be cut off, the rest were not affected, and in 2021 - in July, when the tomatoes were still growing and growing. True, they suffered to a lesser extent, because I applied top dressing in liquid form with potassium and calcium into the pits and bottles. But apparently not enough.
In 2020, there was an article where a girl described this misfortune, and there were such words: “No one knows what to do in this case, but I know ...” I was so happy - finally, I will cope with this problem. But, on reflection, I decided not to use the recommended method, I was afraid: it was proposed “2 tbsp. l. dilute calcium in 10 liters of water and process the tomatoes. Processing - how? Spray? The author did not indicate her address, and tomatoes in such a lethal dose would not burn for long.
Last year I practiced potassium and calcium supplements (although perhaps not in sufficient quantities), but the sore still showed up. So I ask you, dear ones, to help me deal with this issue. Many may think that this is late blight, but I read in the literature that it does not start from the tops. Please share your advice! Well, a girl who knows how to deal with such a scourge, please respond.
This season, I planted all the tomatoes in a square way with a hole in the middle. There is order in the greenhouse, there is no dirt.
Although it seems to me that this method is not for summer residents living in a hot climate. And for the Urals and Central Russia, it is very suitable.
I also want to try the mulch method - plant it in fabric and cover it with cardboard or newspapers. Tell us more about it. Where can I get grass? We have ticks in the Urals in the spring, we try not to go into the forest to the strawberries, and in the fall all the grass with seeds, weeds can’t be brought out later.
If someone wants to give an answer personally, I am on Odnoklassniki and Vkontakte, but I would very much like to talk here, on the pages of the magazine. In the photo - my greenhouse, when I still used only one method of watering - in bottles.
Health to all, take care of yourself and your loved ones!
Reference by topic: Planting tomato seedlings in open ground beds - my method + 5 tips for a gardener
TOMATOES BY VICTOR SHADRIN - VIDEO
© Author: Lyudmila Aleksandrovna PILIKINA, Perm
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Below other entries on the topic "Dacha and garden - with their own hands"
- Growing tall tomatoes - an overview of varieties and care (Volgograd region)
- Growing tomatoes in the Bryansk region - varieties, planting and care of seedlings
- Tomatoes according to the Shadrin method and minus superphosphate (Perm region)
- Tomatoes. Care from A to Z (Tomsk)
- Fluffy varieties of tomatoes or shaggy tomatoes - name and photo
- Growing tomatoes - planting and care: my secrets and tips (Nizhny Novgorod)
- Brawn for a tomato and other tips for their cultivation (Kurgan)
- Tomatoes and peppers at home - on the windowsill
- Cocktail tomatoes (photo) planting, care and varieties
- Growing tomatoes by the method of Kazarin - my reviews
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