Growing Arabica coffee at home
HOW TO GROW COFFEE AT HOME
If citrus fruits are frequent inhabitants of an indoor orchard, then coffee, pomegranate, and even more so olive, are real exotics, especially if you manage to get fruits and even eat them. Our readers share their experience on how to brew coffee from their own grown beans, pickle indoor olives and enjoy a mini pomegranate.
MY FRAGRANT ARABIC HOME COFFEE TREE
I have always dreamed of growing coffee in my window. After a long study of the information, I decided to purchase Arabian coffee. I find this species grows best in a room.
The evergreen bush is very beautiful. Oppositely arranged leathery dark green leaves with wavy edges reach a length of 15 cm. In my homeland, the tree grows up to 5 m. And in my house the plant grew to the very ceiling, that is, up to 2,5 m. . The tree grew very quickly and bloomed in the 3rd year in the spring.
Flowering is profuse and annual. The flowers are white, beautiful, with a wonderful aroma, reminiscent of jasmine. While fruit set is in progress, flowers continue to appear.
Room coffee really does not like dry air, and this is a big problem in the apartment. I regularly spray the tree with soft water. If the tips of the leaves begin to turn brown, know that the air is too dry for the tree. You can not only spray, but also take other measures. For example, install a pallet filled with expanded clay with water next to it: the water will evaporate and humidify the air. Or turn on a humidifier.
I water my coffee moderately, so that the soil never dries out, but the water does not stand in the pan. Water for irrigation should not be cold, ideally a temperature a couple of degrees above room temperature.
GROWING COFFEE - A GARDENER'S TIP.
For watering, I use soft water, but since tap water is quite hard, I soften it myself. Boiling, in my opinion, will not help here. I simply add 20-30 ml of a 1% oxalic acid solution to the water. To do this, I dissolve 10 g of acid in 1 liter of water and add this solution to irrigation water. Oxalic acid promotes the transition of salts into insoluble compounds that precipitate. I drain the water from the sediment and water it. By the way, coffee loves slightly acidic soil, so oxalic acid is even useful for it.
Finally, another factor in which coffee will feel great in a room is lighting. In winter, I always illuminate the plant, and in summer I keep it next to a sunny window. But it is important to avoid direct sunlight - they inhibit the growth of coffee. But diffused light is optimal.
I replant the tree every year. I used to use a mixture of equal parts of soddy soil, leaf humus and coarse sand. A thick layer of drainage was poured at the bottom. Now I prefer to buy a special soil mixture with an acidic reaction - coffee feels better in it.
But even in the best conditions, black spots can appear on the leaves. This is a very common problem gardeners face when growing coffee. The true reason for their appearance may remain unclear. Just try to provide the plant with everything it needs and avoid waterlogging the soil, especially when it is cold, and put drainage on the bottom.
When flowers appear, I pollinate them by hand. I run the brush over the anthers so that the pollen gets on the pestle. Indeed, in nature, bees cope with pollination, but they do not exist in the house.
The berries are pink at first, then dark red. If they are torn off and broken, a grain will be found inside. It's green. As an experiment, you can roast to brown, grind and try to brew your own homemade coffee. This is a fun activity! Almost magical ritual. And the pulp of coffee berries is edible, it tastes sweet.
Reference by topic: How to grow coffee from beans at home?
COFFEE TREE AT HOME - VIDEO
© Author: G. POLTAVCHENKO Volgograd region
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