If ... thorns have grown on a pear - what to do?
WHY SPIKES START TO GROW ON A PEAR
In our new garden there was an old pear tree, which the ax did not reach in the fall. From the pear, a young shoot came out, and we thought to leave it for the first time, since the previous owners said that the pear was its own root, that is, the shoot would be one to one like the mother tree.
But looking at the growth, to my surprise, I found sharp thorns on it, like a hawthorn. I found out on the Internet that this is a sign of a wild pear. And there should not be thorns on cultivated trees, with the possible exception of the Pamyati Yakovlev variety (such a deviation is considered natural for a plant).
I began to look for information and read that, having found thorns on a pear, you should not immediately grab an ax. You have to wait for the fruits. It happens that a wild pear gives a harvest that is excellent in taste. In this case, the tree will be many times more resistant to pests and diseases.
But if you have a cultivar tree, pay attention to how many trunks it has coming from the root. If there are several of them, while on the branches of one of them (or several) there are thorns, and on the other they are not, then your pear has given root shoots. And this is a bad sign. First, this happens when a cultural graft weakens as a result of disease and pest invasion or injury. Secondly, wild animals (and these will be just wild ones) will gradually drown out the cultural graft.
It is desirable to find a grafting site near the tree. And if the trunks grow from the root or trunk, but below the graft, then this is a shoot from the rootstock.
To save the variety, all shoots must be removed. But do not cut down, but dig up the soil to the root and cut it to zero, otherwise you can provoke a new growth of "freeloaders-wild". Let the cuts dry, then work with garden paste and cover with earth again.
© Author: Olga BABCHUK, Moscow region, Yandex-Zen "Posad". Photo by the author
WORD TO THE SPECIALIST
Copyright: The thorns on a pear are a sign of a wild plant. In addition to the root growth that the stock gives, it can also grow a seedling, say, from the seed of a fallen and rotten pear fruit. The seedling can be carefully dug up and planted in a new place. With a high degree of probability, the fruits on it will be small and sour, but it is possible that you will get a new variety with large and tasty fruits (though not earlier than in 9 years). And keep in mind that a pear seedling that has entered into fruiting will already be a serious-sized tree that is difficult to uproot. Therefore, I still advise you to turn the wild game into a varietal tree with the help of grafting, or initially plant plants of modern cultivars and remove the shoots.
© Author: Nikolai CHROMOV, Cand. of sciences
Reference by topic: The best varieties of pears for the Middle lane - photo + name + description (Moscow region)
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