Growing hot and sweet peppers on the windowsill
PEPPERS ON THE WINDOWSILL FOR MANY YEARS
© Author: Nikolai CHROMOV
Everyone probably knows that any pepper is a perennial plant. Of course, it grows in the garden for only one season, yields crops and dies from frost, but in its homeland it is a rather large shrub that can grow for many years and produce a crop that is used by both people and animals and birds.
SWEET PEPPER ON THE SILL
Of course, it is difficult to grow a large bush of sweet pepper on our windowsill, and we have to be content with hot pepper, growing just such varieties on our windowsills.
Such a pepper can grow, delight the eye and bestow crops for many years, but it is important to protect it from dangerous pests that can greatly
shorten the life of the plant. Thrips, spider mites and aphids are considered especially dangerous. If you notice something like this, then immediately treat the plants with the Fitoverm biological preparation.
Homemade pepper, if it is healthy, will regularly give you even small, but crops, delight you with pleasant flowers, elegant foliage, and the volume of this very crop will depend on the variety.
Say, such a variety as Kaleidoscope is interesting. It forms very small peppers that are yellow or deep purple. It is good that it can be used as a seasoning for any dishes.
In addition to the variety, it is also important to choose the right container. For example, large pots are inappropriate here, a volume of one and a half or two liters is enough.
Over time, if you plan to grow for many years, the pots can be increased, only from, say, two liters do not plant into five, increase the volume by adding a liter.
It is desirable to place a pot of pepper on a southern or southwestern windowsill, since pepper needs a lot of light, otherwise you will also have to use additional lighting lamps (all January and until mid-February for a couple of hours in the morning and evening).
Watering should be done with water at room temperature, preferably melted or rainwater, but at least settled.
In January, watering should be reduced to a minimum and the pepper should be transferred to the coolest window, but the temperature should not fall below 17 degrees.
When can peppers be sown? Of course, in January, and at the very beginning of it: now they don’t especially need light, just as they don’t need a lot of heat.
When sown in the spring, you will wait for the fruits closer in the fall or even winter.
About varieties. We already named one a little earlier, here are some more good varieties for you - Aladdin, Constellation, Ryabinushka, and, of course, Sly Fox.
Whatever pepper you grow on the windowsill, you need to provide it with moisture, otherwise, if there is not enough water, the plants can shed both flowers and ovaries, and in case of an acute moisture deficit, they will also begin to shed leaf blades. It’s great if you can install a humidifier nearby, then the pepper will feel as comfortable as possible.
See also: Habanero pepper at home - growing, planting and care
HOT PEPPER ON THE WINDOWSILL
The bushes of such pepper are slender, often have a dark green color, but the fruits are pleasing to the eye when there is a snow-white desert outside the window, and, like lights, they burn with a scarlet light.
All this is homemade pepper - a light, a plant that has fruits that burn like fire.
There are a lot of varieties of homemade pepper-light now, you can find your favorite both in color and in size of the fruit.
To make the pepper pleasing to the eye and endowed with a harvest, pick up a well-lit window sill and a room with the possibility of ventilation under it. In the summer, it is permissible to put pepper on an open balcony or even take it out into the garden, placing it in the shade there.
The plant often blooms in May, and all summer you can see more and more flowers. Interestingly, along with the flowers, there will also be fruits in various states - ripe, ovary, coloring, etc.
Care pepper requires minimal. So, in the summer it is necessary to prevent the soil from drying out, sometimes feed it (dissolve 5 g of nitroammophoska in 5 liters of water and pour 100 ml of solution under one bush).
If you need a bush not only for beauty, but also for the harvest, then as soon as the ovaries appear, immediately pinch the tips of each branch.
If the pepper has formed a lot of fruits and there is a risk that the branches may break off, then place wooden props under each branch.
The plant that yielded the crop can not be thrown away, but left to grow further and grow it already as a perennial. During the dormant period, it must be placed in February in a cool place with a temperature of about 19 degrees, while watering should be moderate, only as the soil dries. And after about a month, the crown of the bush needs to be put in order by removing the shoots that have dried up or withered.
By the way, such a pepper can be propagated not only by traditional sowing of seeds, but also by rooting cuttings.
Seeds, like cuttings, can be planted in any nutrient soil, however, a mixture of leafy soil, humus soil and river sand in equal proportions is considered ideal soil.
If you grow ordinary seedlings, then be prepared for the fact that some of them may be affected by a fungal infection. To minimize the risk, soak the seeds in a pink potassium permanganate solution for 15 minutes.
Seeds can be sown from January to early March.
It is better to sow in small boxes so that they can be covered with glass or plastic wrap, and when a couple of true leaves appear, they can and will need to be transplanted into individual containers.
When growing seedlings, it is necessary to maintain the soil in a slightly damp state, and the temperature in the room - at the level of 20 degrees, it can be higher, but not lower.
After transplanting and with the active growth of seedlings, they must be pinched, this activates the tillering of pepper. After a couple of days
you can feed with nitroammophos (dissolve 10 g in a bucket of water and pour 50 ml under each plant).
During the flowering period, peppers need to be fed with superphosphate, as well as potassium sulfate (10 g per bucket of water and 50 ml of solution for each bush).
If the pepper is growing very actively and the container has become cramped for it, then it is quite possible to transplant it into a more spacious pot.
Do not keep the pepper in a very hot room with dry air - there it can be attacked by a spider mite.
Keep peppers out of the reach of children, as brightly colored fruits can attract them, and this is very dangerous. The pepper is very hot, be careful.
See also: Room pepper at home - varieties and care tips from a specialist
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