Celosia (photo) varieties, reproduction and care
AMAZING CELOSIA AND HOW TO PRODUCE IT?
Dear friends! We continue to introduce you to the favorite plants of 2023. This time we will tell you which flower has become the leader in the world market among annual crops.
A place of honor was taken by celosia silver comb (Celosia argentea f. cristata) - a little forgotten, but spectacular annual, pleasing with flowering from July to October. The plant is remarkable for its “comb”, which can be painted in one of the bright colors (yellow, pink, red, orange, cream, lilac and even pale green). By the way, this is not a flower at all, as many people think, but an overgrown receptacle. But the flowers of the plant are small and inconspicuous.
SUBTLETS OF REPRODUCTION OF CELOSIA
Growing celosia is not difficult, but there are nuances that you need to pay attention to.
1. Take your time with sowing seeds for seedlings. It is better to do this in the second half of March or early April. Seedlings grown before this period are strongly drawn out and lose their decorative effect.
2. Another common problem is the black leg. This disease destroys seedlings. Careful tillage of the soil before sowing with biological preparations will help prevent the disease. The soil is poured into a container and spilled with a biofungicide - Fitosporin-M, Trichodermin (according to the instructions) or Gliocladin tablets (1 pc / 300-800 ml of soil) are laid, closing to a depth of at least 1 cm. Then the container is covered with a bag and put in a warm place for a week. Every day, open the greenhouse for air access.
See also: Celosia (photo) planting and care. Types of flowers
STAGES OF WORK
- Seeds are sown at a distance of about 1 cm to avoid thickening - another reason for the appearance of a black leg.
- Then they are lightly sprinkled with soil or calcined sand.
- After sowing, the substrate is moistened with a spray bottle.
- The container is covered with a bag and placed in a warm, well-lit place.
- Monitor soil moisture and periodically ventilate the greenhouse.
- Shoots appear after 5-7 days.
- In the phase of 3-4 true leaves, seedlings dive into pots.
- The grown plants are planted in open ground not earlier than mid-June (for middle latitudes), as the plant is thermophilic.
The genes of comb celosia have the ability to form the largest inflorescence on the central shoot, so seedlings cannot be pinched. Otherwise, the flower will lose its decorative effect.
CONDITIONS FOR CELOSIA IN THE GARDEN
For celosia choose open sunny areas with loose fertile soil of neutral reaction.
Water moderately, preventing the soil from drying out. This is especially important for newly planted specimens. Mature bushes are more drought tolerant.
Feed once a month with a complex mineral fertilizer for flowering garden plants.
Modern breeders have bred a large number of cultivars that differ in color and size of flowers, pattern of convolutions. On sale there are varieties with leaves of purple, burgundy, golden and other shades.
Undersized specimens (up to 15-20 cm tall) are great for growing in containers, balcony boxes and even in pots on the windowsill. Among them are popular "dwarfs": Crumb yellow, Crumb red, Crumb orange.
Medium-sized specimens are from 20 to 40 cm tall. Common varieties: Impress, Empress, Cherry Coral, Orange Coral, Coral Garden (mixture). These plants are more suitable for growing in small flower beds.
Tall ones (for example, the Korona variety - over 40 cm high) look great in the design of large flower beds, successfully combined with shrubs.
Tall and medium-sized specimens of celosia are great for winter bouquets.
See also: Celosia (photos) planting and care, varieties and species
HOW TO GROW CELOSIA - VIDEO
© Author: Inna STARTSEVA, agronomist, landscape designer, Pavlovsky Posad, Moscow Region
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