DIMENSIONS OF THE PLANTING PIT UNDER NEW HONESTUCK + FEEDING OF HONESTUCK
If you want to recover after a winter "vitamin deficiency", then, of course, lean on honeysuckle. And if it still doesn’t grow with you, urgently for seedlings - and we start planting!
Honeysuckle berries are the first to ripen. After a long winter, their refreshing taste seems so attractive that even a slight bitterness does not spoil it. Still would! Just a few berries contain so many vitamins and mineral elements that a person will have enough for the whole day.
LANDING PIT UNDER HONESTOCK
The landing pit should be 60 cm wide and 40 cm deep. Approximately 2 buckets of compost or humus, 50 g of superphosphate and 40 g of potassium salt (or 1 kg of ash) are added there. Instead, you can apply 50 g of any complex fertilizer. If the soil is sandy, the amount of compost is increased to 3 buckets, you can add a little potash fertilizer.
When planting a seedling, the base with a shoot is deepened by 4-5 cm. It is advisable to mulch the soil near the bush with humus, sawdust, straw or mowed grass.
AFTER LANDING, HONESKY IS BETTER NOT TO CUT
Shoots after planting are not pruned, this can significantly delay the development of the plant, fruiting will come later. The fact is that honeysuckle bears fruit mainly on the growths of the previous year - on annual growths. Therefore, all care measures should be aimed at increasing the length of annual growth.
Good nutrition contributes to this. And, of course, watering.
DINNER IS SERVED!
For the first two years, there will be enough nutrients introduced into the planting hole. In the future, in early spring, full mineral fertilizer is applied at the rate of 20-30 g per 1 m2. With weak growth, liquid organic fertilizers or a solution of nitrogen mineral fertilizers are added in summer.
After harvesting, top dressing with complex fertilizers (15-20 g / m2) is needed, it is combined with watering. At the beginning of October (for an excellent wintering), 15 g of double superphosphate and potassium salt per 1 m2 are added for shallow loosening.
Once every 2-3 years (in autumn), organic matter (humus, compost) is added for light digging - 10-12 kg per bush. It is also possible during the period of flowering and fruiting once a month to water with a solution of ash (per 1 bucket-liter jar). In a word, nutrition should be organized so that annual growths are 30-40 cm long, and the largest number of berries will form on them.
AN IMPORTANT CONDITION FOR A GOOD HARVEST IS A COMPETENT CHOICE OF VARIETY. PLEASE CONSIDER THE CLIMATIC CONDITIONS OF YOUR REGION AND THE BIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE VARIETY, ITS ORIGIN AND, OF COURSE, TASTE AND FRUITS WEIGHT.
THE SECRET OF THE SWEETS OF YOUTH
Honeysuckle loves moisture. If it is not enough, bitterness appears in the berries, they become smaller. Water several times a season, especially in hot and dry weather. In a dry autumn after leaf fall, the plants are also well watered so that by winter the root system is in a sufficiently moist soil layer.
Honeysuckle berries contain potassium, magnesium, sodium, iron, phosphorus, calcium, copper, manganese, silicon, barium, selenium and iodine. They contain a large amount anthocyanins. In addition to pectins, there are vitamins A, C, B2, B1, triterpene and chlorogenic acids, a large number of phenolic compounds and biologically active substances. Honeysuckle has antiviral, antifungal, antibacterial and immunomodulatory effects.
PLANTING HONESUCLE - TIPS AND REVIEWS
The place for planting honeysuckle should be chosen as open, well-lit, with a groundwater level no closer than 1,5 m from the surface. The distance between bushes should be at least 1,5 m.
A planting hole 40 x 40 cm must be filled with a mixture of garden soil and humus (in half), add 3 tbsp. l. superphosphate and a liter jar of ash, mix everything thoroughly.
Pour a bucket of water into the hole, then install the seedling, straighten its roots, sprinkle
soil, compact it, water the seedling with another bucket of water and mulch the soil with peat or humus with a layer of up to 2 cm.
In this case, the root collar (even after the soil settles) should be at ground level and not be buried in the soil.
After planting, under no circumstances should the bushes be pruned, since all the plant’s forces will be directed to restoring the above-ground part, and honeysuckle growth occurs rather slowly, so pruning can delay the onset of fruiting.
If you take good care, you can get fruits within a year, and the bush will give its first good harvest in about the fifth year - up to 5-6 kg.
In the spring, immediately after the buds open, a tablespoon of nitroammophoska, or 150-200 g of wood ash, or 500 g of humus can be added to the bite area.
During the flowering period - 1 tsp. superphosphate and potassium chloride for each bush. Repeat the application of the same fertilizers after harvesting.
Do not forget about watering; they are especially important during flowering, fruit ripening and after harvesting.
Pruning should be done after 6-7 years. And, of course, regularly carry out sanitary pruning of dry, broken branches.
For better pollination and rich harvests, you need to plant at least 3 seedlings of different varieties.
DON'T DREAM ABOUT HONEYSUCKLE - ACT!
Do you dream of growing edible honeysuckle in your garden? Choose a quality seedling and get to work!
Saplings with an open root system must be planted before mid-October. Don't put it off until spring. Plants begin to vegetate very early, already in mid-April, so you won’t have time to plant in the spring (in March the ground is still cold, often frozen). Seedlings in tubs (with a closed root system) can be planted in a permanent place at almost any time - from spring to late autumn. Honeysuckle prefers loose, fertile soil. The plant is sun-loving, so it cannot be grown under the canopy of garden buildings or in the shade of tall trees.
The soil for filling the holes is mixed with 10 kg of mature compost, 150 g of superphosphate and 70 g of potassium salt. I form a small mound in the center of the depression, pour another 3-5 cm of fertile soil on top (so that fertilizers do not burn the exposed roots), water it abundantly and plant the honeysuckle seedling, carefully straightening the roots. When planting, I deepen the root collar no more than 4 cm (the root collar of a seedling from a tub cannot be buried!).
© Author: Olga KOSENKO, Kaliningrad, blog “Garden without worries”
HONEYSUCKLE IS SELF-FERTILE, SO YOU NEED TO PLANT TWO-THREE VARIETIES OF TREES ON THE PLOT IN ORDER TO SET FRUIT.
ADDED BY A SPECIALIST
The main problem with honeysuckle is its bitter berries. Breeders have been breeding new plants for quite a long time, but many of the varieties remain bitter. Moreover, the taste often depends on care and weather.
But there are still varieties to which tasters give the highest taste rating - 5 points: Antoshka, Blue Dessert, Gorlinka, Nekrasovka, Stepanovskaya-1. Their berries are sweet under any conditions. They also have extremely high winter hardiness and are generally not affected by diseases and pests.
© Author: Alexey VOLODIKHIN, agronomist, Moscow, Yandex-Zen “Chudogryadka.rf”
Reference by topic: Edible honeysuckle (blue) - how to grow?
LANDING HONESKY - VIDEO
© Author: Valery Zakotin, Ph.D. n., folk gardener
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