GROWING GARDEN PLANTS AT HOME
Plucking a sprig of parsley or a chard leaf from the windowsill in winter is not bad at all. It’s in the summer that we don’t notice their value, but in the winter, greens chopped into a salad will be greeted with delight. You can aim for more - vegetables. For example, growing cauliflower
Before frost, plants with small heads should be given the opportunity to grow in a cellar or greenhouse. This is usually done in October, when the air temperature drops to 8-10°C. The plants are dug up with a clod of earth, while trying not to damage the leaves.
You can plant 1-2 plants per 30 m40 of greenhouse. Or hang them in the cellar, tying them in pairs - roots up. During growing, it is necessary to limit the access to light; for this, the plants are covered with black covering material.
If you dig in cabbage with poorly developed leaves and without a head, then nothing will happen. They are too young and have not yet moved on to generative development. And if the plants managed to grow a rosette of leaves and form a small head (3-5 cm in diameter), success will be guaranteed. Due to the plastic substances of the leaves, roots and stumps, the heads can increase to 15-16 cm in diameter.
If you grow cauliflower at a temperature of 4-5°C, marketable heads can be obtained in late December - early January. At a lower positive temperature (1-2°C) and good ventilation, the formation of heads can be extended until mid-February.
3-4 year old rhizomes are dug up - in October-November. And they leave it in the garden, sprinkled with sawdust, and cover it with mats on top. As needed, for example in December or January, they are brought indoors, thawed and, without dividing, planted in boxes, covered with a 10-12 cm layer of soil.
Plucking a sprig of parsley or a chard leaf from the windowsill in winter is not bad at all. It’s in the summer that we don’t notice their value, but in the winter, greens chopped into a salad will be greeted with delight. You can aim for more - vegetables. For example, growing cauliflower. The most common mistake is failure to follow the growing regime. At high temperatures and low humidity, petioles grow of poor quality. In low light they grow with little color.
Rhubarb accumulates in its petioles up to 600 mg% of vitamin C, rutin, vitamin P, organic acids, pectin, and mineral salts.
Vitamins C, B1, B2, P, PP, and carotene accumulate in beet and chard greens.
The optimal temperature for forcing rhubarb is 6-7°C, air humidity -90-95%. Under such conditions, leaves begin to grow at 7-8 days. To make the plants feel comfortable, a frame is placed over them and covered with black film or non-woven fabric.
Collect petioles as they grow, when they reach a height of 20-25 cm.
PULLING OUT RHUBURB IN THE DARKNESS. BUT DO NOT FORGET THAT THERE IS A REST PERIOD. THE LATER THE VARIETY RIPES, THE LONGER IT LASTS. THE EARLIEST END IN THE FIRST DECADE OF DECEMBER. THEN YOU CAN PLANT RHUBURB IN A CONTAINER.
Beetroot and chard
To force beets, it is better to take small root crops weighing 40-60 g. And for chard, the roots should be well developed. Pre-planting material must be disinfected in a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
Before frost, plants are dug up by the roots and wilted leaves are removed. Beet roots are planted in boxes close together, the heads are not covered. For chard, the root is completely sprinkled. For the first seven days, the temperature is maintained at 8-10°C, kept in the dark, then transferred to a bright place. The optimal temperature for forcing is 18-20°C. Leaf collection begins 2-3 weeks after planting.
Parsley and celery
The weight of planted root crops of parsley should be 30-80 g, celery - 100-200 g. They are planted so that the heads protrude 1-2 cm from the soil. To prevent diseases, sprinkle with chalk or ash.
If the root crops are different in length, they are trimmed, shortening them from below before planting in boxes. The sections are sprinkled with crushed coal.
To root, root crops need no light for 1-2 weeks, and the air temperature should not be higher than 12-14°C. When a growth point appears, the plants are moved to a window with a temperature of 18-20°C.
If the parsley root crop does not fit in the pot, it is cut off from the bottom or planted obliquely. The cuts must be sprinkled with crushed coal.
One pot with a diameter of 12 cm fits 3-4 parsley roots or one celery root.
Greens are ready 2-3 weeks after planting. Overgrown leaves are removed from the outside of the rosette, leaving no petioles. Root varieties produce less greenery, but for a longer time.
Reference by topic: We pick up vegetables from the garden for growing at home
GARDEN ON THE WINDOWSILL - VIDEO
© Author: Daria Knyazeva, biologist, author of books on gardening
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