BUCKWHEAT AND PHACELIA ARE THE BEST SIDERATS
© Author: Nikolai CHROMOV
It doesn’t matter whether you are a gardener or a gardener, the topic of restoring soil fertility is relevant to you. The yield of all plants without exception depends on the fertility of the soil.
One of the options for increasing fertility is to purchase fertile soil and replace it with already tired soil, but there is a high risk of introducing various diseases and/or pests into your plot, and this process is labor-intensive and expensive.
The second option is constant application of fertilizers. Yes, it is possible to solve the problem for a short time, but if this is done year after year, then the harm from this process will be more than good; the accumulation of harmful nitrates in fruits and vegetables alone is worth it.
Option three, the most interesting, safe and effective, is sowing green manure. From their wide variety, we can highlight a couple of the most interesting and most effective plants, and we will tell you about them.
BUCKWHEAT AS SIDERAT
This plant has a fairly extensive root system that can go a couple of meters deep. Thanks to such roots, buckwheat works like an elevator - it lifts nutrition from the deep layers of the soil and brings it to the very top. All you need to do is this is to dig up the soil, embedding the above-ground mass of the plant into the soil, thereby sharply increasing its fertility.
Another advantage of buckwheat is that it does not attract pests such as the cruciferous flea beetle.
But that’s not all, this green manure also accumulates beneficial microflora on the root system. The latter converts beneficial substances that are in inaccessible forms into easily digestible ones for crops.
Buckwheat is a heat-loving crop, its optimal sowing time is mid-summer., however, if it is completely unimportant whether buckwheat will bloom or not, but what is important is germination and the collection of even a small part of the vegetative mass, then you can sow buckwheat in the very first days of October. Before frost, it will have time to rise and build up some above-ground mass, and before winter it can be incorporated into the soil by digging.
FACELIAS AS A SIDERATE
The undoubted advantage of this green manure is that Any plants can be planted after it; the crop is a neutral participant in crop rotation.
Phacelia is able to actively suppress the growth of weeds, has a powerful root system that can improve the structure of the soil, suppress the growth of weeds, and ultimately, when decomposed, will become food for microorganisms, worms, and beneficial bacteria.
Phacelia can also be sown in the very first days of October and, before frost, the above-ground part and roots can be embedded in the soil.
After the above-ground mass of green manure grows, you can leave them on the surface - they are good will cover the soil and protect it from weathering and drying out in winter. You can dig up the soil and embed the aboveground mass of green manure and roots into the soil, then the process of decomposition of organic matter will take place in the soil layer and in the spring the soil will be ready for sowing and planting cultivated plants.
Whatever green manure you sow, after that you need to thoroughly moisten the soil and maintain its moisture in the future. As the above-ground mass develops, both of these crops retain moisture in the top layer of soil quite well, do not allow cracks to form in the soil, reduce the risk of weathering, and increase the humus layer.
Reference by topic: Phacelia as green manure - pros and cons, another benefit of phacelia
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