Fashion trends in landscape design
Any woman wants to be beautiful and modern. We follow fashion and buy new clothes and accessories. But you don’t have to update your entire wardrobe to stay on trend; it’s enough to pair your favorite things with fashionable new items that match your style, and get rid of the old ones. So it is in the garden. To make it modern, you just need to add fashionable plants and revise those already growing on the site.
Everything is like in nature
Fashion for plants, like clothing, is also changing. Alpine slides, thujas along the perimeter of the site, and flower beds that are too bright are no longer relevant. And even lawns are replaced with ground cover plants and meadow flowers. Natural style, local plants adapted to the microclimate of the site are in fashion. Flowers - with small inflorescences, planted in large arrays or blocks. Even the familiar weeds - yarrow, loosestrife, eryngium - occupy places of honor in modern gardens. And, of course, cereals, which are gaining popularity every year.
Now it's very easy to make your garden stylish. And most importantly, it won’t require a lot of money. Fashionable plants can be grown from seeds or bought one or two varietal specimens for subsequent propagation. The main rule here is: “Less is better, but more.” Less variety and more number of identical plants.
We inspect plants
It's like with clothes. We keep only what suits us in style and color scheme; we get rid of the rest without regret. or share with others. Then we put together sets and add fashionable new items and accessories to them. For example, you have phloxes. We plant them in large groups of the same color (or a maximum of two colors combined with each other) and add new plants to them: echinacea, speedwell, sage and cereals. Also in large groups of the same color and variety.
We repeat these combinations in other flower beds. That's all. Your garden becomes more modern. Phlox is also good to plant with eryngium, loosestrife and sapling. They also look great in the background behind low bushes. Even ordinary New Belgian asters, heleniums, astilbes, roses and other plants that are in the garden can become the basis of modern flower beds. It is enough to divide them into a larger number of copies. After all, it is necessary to plant perennials in flower beds in clumps, only then will they look beautiful. Agree, one chamomile or one foxglove, the same. like one tulip, it will look strange and sad.
Growing up at school
Before When planting new plants in a permanent place in a flower garden, it is advisable to plant them in a separate bedto provide them with proper care and observe them for at least one season. See what they look like in spring, summer and autumn. When and for how long do they bloom? Do they retain their decorative appearance after flowering? What plants are combined with? What conditions do they need for full development (sun, partial shade, watering). Then it will be much easier to find them a place and partners in the garden. And after another year, they can be cut or divided and you can get many new specimens of fashionable plants.
Uniting by color
No woman can wear all the colors of the rainbow. Warm yellow-brown shades suit some people, while cool blue-blue or pink-lilac colors highlight the beauty of others. White, light beige and gray are universal and go with everything. It’s the same in the garden. Just aboutuniting your plants into groups according to shades of the color spectrum, separately - in warm colors and separately - in cold colors, you will transform the garden: it will immediately become more modern and harmonious. Neutral green color will dilute the picture, white will add festiveness and will “glow” in the evening. And contrasting splashes of colors, like bright accessories, will only emphasize the beauty of flower beds. The main thing here is a sense of proportion.
Pay attention to the shape of the inflorescences
Nowadays it is fashionable to combine plants of different heights and with different shapes of inflorescences. These plantings are called “New Wave” flower beds (the founder of such natural-style gardens is considered to be the Dutchman Piet Oudolf). It is not necessary to plant, as in mixborders, low ones in front, then medium ones, followed by tall specimens. What is important is the impression that the flower garden as a whole will make, and not individual plants.
Flowers with narrow, candle-like inflorescences, like waves, will rise above plants with umbrella-shaped and daisy-shaped heads. Their beauty is emphasized by plants with paniculate and spherical inflorescences. And between them, like air, cereals and plants with delicate flowers will sway. Like in nature in a meadow...
The most popular plants for the New Wave flower garden, having inflorescences of different shapes:
- “candles” – veronicastrum virginiana, speedwell longifolia, loosestrife, fennel lofant. oak sage, fassen catnip, candleweed knotweed. black cohosh;
- “umbrellas” – yarrow, sedum, sedum. fennel;
- “balls” - decorative bows, chinstrap, eryngium, monarda, astrantia;
- “daisies” – aster, rudbeckia, echinacea, helenium;
- “panicles” – most large grasses, meadowsweet, Rogersia, basil, astilbe.
- When creating a New Wave flower garden, we play on the harmony and contrast of the shape of the inflorescences.
This is a win-win option to make your garden fashionable, regardless of style. Cereals go well with all plants and bring lightness, volume and movement to flower beds and mixborders. And even if they don’t have beautiful flowers and bright colors, they create a translucent haze, soften the colors and blur the silhouettes of their neighbors. And even in the autumn-winter period, their dry stems and delicate panicles look beautiful against the background of snow.
Cereals are currently only gaining popularity. They combine with shrubs, roses and conifers, are appropriate in a natural flower garden and look beautiful planted separately. Simply adding grains to your garden will instantly make it modern. But the main thing is to choose the right varieties so that the places where cereals are planted do not turn into “cereals”.
UNIQUE STYLE, GARDEN
In the off-season there is time to plan new plantings and transform flower beds. If you are ready to update the landscape of your site, you can analyze the style of the garden. By the way, do you have it? And what can you do to create your own style in the garden?
Since the garden is a continuation of the house standing on the site, then, of course, you should start from it. It is the house that sets the style and scale of the layout. If, for example, it is large, then the paths should be wide, the flower beds and ridges should be large, small ones will look ridiculous. And vice versa.
The classical garden is the highest model of garden design, demonstrating a strict order of organization in accordance with the basic principles of geometry, symmetry and proportions. It is superimposed on the landscape, changing it, bringing it into line with strict geometric shapes. If the garden space allows, you can include classic elements. For example, a rose garden. Or a vegetable garden.
It originated in England in the XNUMXth century thanks to the architect William Kent, who first used this style in garden design. A landscape garden is characterized by its fusion with the surrounding nature, or rather, a skillfully created romantic stylization of the natural landscape. The garden style is perfectly described by the phrase “jump over the hedge and you will see that all nature is a garden.” Flower beds in landscape (free) style have become very popular not only in England, they have won the love of gardeners around the world, including in our homeland.
This concept came into use at the turn of the XNUMXth-XNUMXth centuries as “a disappearing rural garden at a small cottage surrounded by countryside.” Its founder was an outstanding gardener with a capital “G” – Gertrude Jekyll. She is the author of the unique gardens that she created, fitting into classical schemes compositions in a natural style, consisting of groups of trees, and flower beds of various plants collected in natural groups. Gertrude Jekyll is the author of the flower border.
OWN, NATIVE, RUSSIAN
In Russia, European styles were adapted to local conditions, resulting in a distinctive Russian manor landscape style using classical elements.
When at the turn of the 30th and 8th centuries it became fashionable to go to the dacha in the summer, the dacha style appeared. It also developed in Soviet times, when departmental dachas began to appear in the 12s. As a rule, these were small plots (XNUMX-XNUMX acres) on which frame-and-panel or log houses were located. Construction was often carried out in forested areas, and the trees of the surrounding landscape became dominant in the areas.
Zoning of the site, country-style flower beds combining shrubs and perennials, and a bright, beautifully decorated front garden in front of the front windows have become a unique Russian tradition of dacha style.
Modern gardens, as a symbiosis of different styles, are primarily a reflection of your own ideas.
DICTED BY SPACE
In addition to style, it is important to remember the basic rule when creating gardens - the relationship between open and closed spaces.
Open spaces are considered to be such spaces as water, gravel, lawn, paving, that is, that which is below human eye level. Enclosed spaces are above eye level. This rule works solely based on climatic conditions.
In central Russia this ratio should be 2:1. In this case, the area occupied by the house and buildings is not taken into account. It turns out that we should have twice as many open spaces as closed ones. This rule is. But there can always be exceptions.
Recently, shady gardens in which the proportions are disturbed have come into fashion. But if you like the gloomy mystery of the garden, its secluded dark corners, then why not? However, you should not get carried away, because in a small garden of up to 15 acres in size, a 1:1 ratio may not always be successful. For example, in the Moscow region there are much fewer sunny days a year than cloudy ones. But in more southern regions it will look good.
© Author: Tatyana Zhashkova, Chairman of the Moscow Flower Growers Club
What is a fashionable garden, how to make your site original - video
© Author: Tatyana Mager, landscape designer Photo by the author
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