CURRANT: A SYSTEM OF 8 RULES!
Of course, there is never too much good advice. Another question is how to manage them wisely. But if you manage to put them together into the right puzzle, you can even find out what the currant is “thinking” about.
Growing in our garden three types of currants - red, golden and black. They all bear fruit well. But I’ll say right away that before achieving this result, my husband and I went through a lot of trial and error, although we constantly asked our friends for advice, who then already had dacha experience.
No, they said the right things, as it now became clear to us, we simply applied their ideas at random, without connecting them with each other. Yes, it’s understandable: I didn’t have enough skills, and I wanted to plant a lot of things on the plot, so they didn’t know what to grab onto. And it turned out that the currants were taken, as they say, according to the residual principle. But she doesn’t like it (just like any other culture). But when they figured out how to reduce all the necessary agricultural practices to a common denominator, things immediately went smoothly.
OUR CURRANT SYSTEM
1. We plant seedlings either in spring (as soon as the ground thaws) or in autumn (from the first days of October until the first light frosts).
2. When we dig a planting hole, we calculate its depth based on the considerations that it should consist of seedling root length plus an additional 30-35 cm. And this reserve is not at all superfluous, because before planting we add half a bucket of humus mixed with fertile soil into the hole. Moreover, we do not pour it on the bottom in an even layer, but form it into a mound, into which we plant the seedling, carefully straightening its roots. After this, we fill the hole with ordinary soil.
H. If we plant a seedling obtained by rooting cuttings, we place it in a hole about 10 cm deeper than it grew next to the mother bush.
4. After spring planting water twice a week (and we do the same throughout the summer of the first year), and after the autumn - once every two weeks. When weeding and loosening, I use a serrated hoe, which, due to its “structure,” is difficult to plunge into the ground to a great depth, because the roots of the currant are located at the very surface of the soil.
5. The best treat for currants - compost and manure. We apply them either in the spring, so that the plants quickly wake up and actively begin to grow, or in the late autumn - to insulate the root system and at the same time to accumulate nitrogen in the ground, which will be useful for currants at the beginning of the new season. We tried to apply compost and manure in the summer, but the result was always the same - the bushes began to fatten.
6. Although our plot is not too large, only well-lit places were chosen for currants, since even light partial shade can lead to crushing of the fruits and a deterioration in their taste.
7. When pruning (I do it regularly), I leave on each bush only the four thickest and longest annual branches, and remove the rest. Next summer they already produce lateral shoots and actively grow not only in length, but also in width.
8. The branches on which the bark begins to peel off have already served their time. They can become easy prey for pests such as glasswort, and therefore become prime candidates for removal in the fall.
On each bush I have an average of 12 branches: 4 one-year-olds, 4 two-year-olds and 4 three-year-olds. Some gardeners recommend cutting out the latter, but I have found in practice that their productivity is no worse than their younger sisters, and therefore I do not touch them (if, of course, they are healthy).
Be sure to mulch the soil around the bushes. This simultaneously fertilizes and loosens the soil, helps retain moisture in it, and prevents the growth of weeds.
In my opinion, of all three types of currants, it is black currants that require reliable supports around the bushes.
Reference by topic: Ideal feeding of currants with starch - we prepare it ourselves
CORRECT PLANTING OF CURRANTS IN AUTUMN - VIDEO
© Author: Ekaterina NESTERCHUK, Nizhny Novgorod
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