STRONG PLANT FROM SEEDLING
As nursery growers, we regularly receive positive feedback on the quality of our seedlings. But sometimes there is negativity. When we ask how the plant was stored, planted and cared for; gross errors in agricultural technology are identified. For the future, so that you don’t lose your new pet, we give practical recommendations.
SHOULD I PLANT IMMEDIATELY OR WAIT UNTIL SPRING?
In autumn, the choice of planting material is always greater, so it is profitable to purchase it at this time. High-quality container seedlings in the southern regions do not require over-exposure. They can be planted in both autumn and winter. The sooner you plant, the faster the young plants will take root in a permanent place and will better withstand summer heat and drought.
And in It is better to preserve the plants in the middle zone until spring.
THE RIGHT PLACEMENT
The criteria for choosing a planting site (soil, light, degree of moisture, protection from wind) must meet the requirements of a particular plant.
You need to dig a shallow hole (wide is possible), the height of the earthen ball (slightly less than the height of the pot). This is a guarantee that the seedling will not end up in a “swamp” after the soil shrinks. Do not bury the earthen ball with roots.
It is advisable to add a little humus, compost, peat (no more than 30% of the total volume of soil) to the hole, especially if the soil is not rich in humus. If you have long-acting fertilizers (“Osmokot”, “Baza-cat”, “Organic Mix”), you can put a few tablespoons on the bottom of the hole. You cannot pour mineral water, manure, ash, or lime into the hole: you are guaranteed to ruin the seedling.
Drainage (broken brick, crushed stone, sand) should also be abandoned. If there is no water drainage, excess moisture from the drainage layer will not go anywhere, and this is detrimental to young roots. It is best to avoid planting on heavy soils.
After planting, you need to lightly compact the soil and water the plant. Then mulch the tree trunk circle with wood chips or cut straw in a layer of 2-5 cm.
“BABIES” IN POTS
Small seedlings in containers with a volume of less than 3 liters can be planted in open ground to a growing bed, and after a year and a half in the fall, transplant it to a permanent place. Or transfer the “baby” into a larger pot, adding fertilizer, and grow it for a year or two using container technology.
But this option is problematic for beginners. For beginning gardeners, we recommend buying older and larger plants. They have a higher survival rate.
In the first summer, it is important to monitor watering and not allow the soil to become waterlogged or dry out. Water consumption per plant is approximately 5-20 liters. Then - according to the situation and needs of the seedling.
In the tree trunk circle (0,5-1 m in diameter), it is advisable to remove weeds, especially in the first years, and mulch this area with mown grass, wood chips, large sawdust or straw. This will speed up growth and reduce the need for watering. If you rarely weed and the grass has grown taller than the seedling, it is better not to touch it at all, especially in the heat. Otherwise, you can harm the plant.
Young seedlings need feeding only if the soil is poor. But in this case it is better to prepare the soil in advance.
Reference by topic: Lazy planting of seedlings without fertilizers and holes - my reviews
HOW TO PLANT FRUIT TREES CORRECTLY - VIDEO
© Author: Sergey SIDORENKO, agronomist, h. Podolsky Krasnodar region.
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