WHICH VARIETY OF BASIL HAS WHAT AROMAT?
It is truly outstanding - the botanical name of basil can be translated as “fragrance worthy of kings.” It would seem that they are just small bushes, but they contain many miraculous properties. How many? Let's try to count
Basil has many faces and is so diverse that not every plant can be immediately identified and classified as a glorious genus, unless you are a biologist. But once you sniff it, you can’t go wrong! Today, more than 150 species and varieties are known; about a hundred are described in the State Register alone. Yes and Basil has several names - regan, reikhan, raikhon, rean, as well as fragrant cornflowers.
Typically, gardeners grow annual varieties of basil, but there are also perennial varieties - Sacred, Dreams of the Sultan, Dreamer.
16 BASIL FLAVORS – DESCRIPTION + VARIETY
The main advantage of the plant is its bright, rich aroma, for which it is mainly grown. Almost all keen gardeners have an aromatic garden bed, but basil deserves a dedicated plot precisely because different varieties smell differently. It’s easy to create a collection, because buying seeds is not a problem.
How many smells does basil have? I counted more than a dozen. Many have the same smell and name. And in others it is difficult to distinguish the predominant aroma; they are layered on top of each other: in the Baku variety, clove is mixed with menthol, in Basilisk it is peppery with cinnamon. Here, in our opinion or smell, are varieties with a clearly defined smell.
Anisic: Aniskin, Anisovka, Ararat, Anise Delight, Genoese, Anise Gourmand.
Vanilla: Vanilla aroma. Vanilla.
Peppery: Compatto, Marian, Broadleaf, Aramis, Eastern Magic, Rosie, Osmin.
Clove: Valya, Spring mood, Vita-minchik violet, Robin Hood, Red Ruby, Marcus, Stella, Philosopher, Moskvoretsky, Violet large-leaved.
Menthol: Velvet, Greek, Gourmet mint.
Lemon: Lemon, Badory, Lemon miracle (with mint flavor), Greek, Lemon, Lemon wedges, Limoncello. Freshness, American lemon.
Laurel: Spoon-shaped. Purple stars.
Candy-fruit: Caramel, Favorite.
Cinnamon: Kara-Kum, Cinnamon, Cinnamon Aroma, Cinnamon, Fragrant Handsome.
Muscat (like nut or wine) : Pomegranate nutmeg, Raspberry nutmeg.
Floral (lilac): Pearl of the Moscow region.
Camphor (a bit like mothball) : Purple glitter.
Balsamic (wood resin) : Ordinary.
Sweet: Globular perfume, Small-leaved.
Tart: Dark Opal.
The aroma of basil is concentrated and can dull the flavor palette of a dish. Therefore, it is important to go overboard with the spice when tasting the food during the cooking process.
Reference by topic: Fragrant basil (common) cultivation and care (Krasnodar Territory)
7 WAYS TO USE BASIL
Often the name and aroma of basil give away its purpose. Tasty varieties are best used for baking and drinks, spicy and tart varieties - for preparations, sauces, seasonings, perfumery and floral varieties - for cosmetic purposes, medicinal varieties - for infusions, etc.
Cookery. In what kind of dishes is basil not used? Sauces (pesto, marinara, etc.), herbal salt, and purees (guacamole) are prepared. They put it in salads, flavor meat and fish dishes, as well as drinks - tea, lemonade, kvass, smash, cocktails, mead. Decorate sandwiches and cheese plates. Add to pickles, marinades, and other canned foods. Freeze, dry and grind into powders.
Design. Some varieties of basil are used by landscapers (Troll, Queen of Siam, Dark Opal, Velvet, Charm, Lemon). Multi-colored specimens are planted interspersed in flower beds, in mixborders, containers, along paths in borders. Low ones (Basilisk) are moved home from the site and placed on the windowsill in pots. Others grow in the form of compact, neat caps (Purple Ball) - you don’t even need to shape them.
Pest Control. All basils, to varying degrees, repel hawkmoths, thrips and spider mites from beds and flower beds. Growing basil near legumes protects them from weevil. Flies and mosquitoes are repelled by almost any smell of basil.
But we must remember that plant phytoncides attract slugs, so the beds are mulched with sawdust, ash, and pieces of eggshells.
Treatment. If you regularly eat dishes with basil, antibodies are produced that prevent the development of cancer cells. Enzymes start the process of burning fat in the body and quickly get rid of excess weight. The infusion normalizes the menstrual cycle, helps with nervous disorders, fatigue, depression, insomnia, inflammation of the urinary tract, and gastrointestinal diseases.
With the help of basil you can solve problems with potency. In this case, you should not chew the leaves or apply them to a delicate place, but take special medications developed based on the plant.
Inhaling basil steam relieves headaches, stress, flatulence, relaxes muscles after physical activity, gives mental clarity, strengthens memory (a handful of fresh leaves is poured with hot water - 80-90°, but not boiling water). The procedure protects against various infections, strengthens nerve tissue, destroys bacteria, fights the runny nose, reduces fever during the flu, and alleviates asthma. Rinsing the mouth with infusion heals ulcers on the gums, inhibits the development of caries, and removes unpleasant odor. The decoction relieves the urge to vomit.
Cosmetics. The perfumery and cosmetics industry produces anti-aging face creams based on basil. You can make a refreshing toner at home that helps get rid of acne. The strong infusion is placed in the refrigerator in a container with a spray bottle. Spray the skin on hot days. Or freeze this infusion in ice cube trays and wipe your face with pieces every morning (helps heal minor irritations and post-acne). The easiest way is to apply steamed leaves to problem areas of the skin.
Disinfection. Stores sell natural detergent for plumbing fixtures – Basil and Eucalyptus” in a 4-liter bottle. It disinfects surfaces, eliminates unpleasant odors, and removes limescale and rust. Nothing will stop us from making the most concentrated infusion of basil ourselves, mixing it with at least glycerin and scrubbing earthenware porcelain.
And whoever makes soap can try adding an antiseptic basil ingredient to the semi-finished product. In the bathhouse, plant branches will come in very handy both as part of a broom and as an infusion that is sprinkled on the stones to give the steam an additional aromatic, healing and cleansing effect.
Spiritual practices. In some countries (India, Thailand) basil has sacred meaning. There's even a special Sacred variety, or tulsi, the seeds of which are also sold here. Its leaves are used in various rituals, and its stems are used to make beads and rosaries. Plants are even worshiped as incarnations of deities. Until now, if a local resident accidentally damages a plant, he must kneel down and ask for forgiveness.
Bushes are planted by both rich people and commoners, believing that they purify energy and bring positive emotions to life. Indeed, a bed of basils in a vegetable garden magically improves your mood. It is not for nothing that since ancient times there has been a reverent attitude towards him. In Egypt, basil is found in the tombs of the pharaohs.
2 COLORS AND 5 SHADES
There are 2 main colors of basil. The purple ones (Ararat, Anise, Dark Opal, Robin Hood) have a more intense aroma, while the green ones (Broadleaf, Cinnamon Aroma, Genoa, Clove) are subtle and delicate.
But there are many shades, including silver and even black. Spherical, Parfum, Tempter, Lemon have soft light green, Yerevansky has red-purple, Rubin Cairo has red with black splashes, Rubin has garnet. Burgundy and beetroot will delight you with the aroma of vanilla.
The color of a plant is important to us not only for aesthetics, but also for its benefits, because different pigments act differently.
HOW TO GROW BASIL?
Basil is grown only from seeds. There are several subtleties. The plant is sensitive to frost, so it cannot be done without seedlings. The swollen seeds are sown at the beginning of May in boxes on the window or in greenhouses every 1 - 2 cm to a depth of 0.5-1 cm with a distance between grooves of 5-7 cm. They germinate in a week and a half and at first grow slowly.
Then the rule of 6 leaves applies - with this number it is time to plant the seedlings in a permanent place, most often under cover in light, fertile, loose soil. This is done at the end of the first ten days of June. It is important that there is no threat of return frosts.
A drop in temperature to zero can destroy the plantings.
However, there are varieties that feel good in open ground - Velvet, Vanilla, Lemon aroma, Basilisk. They are unpretentious and productive even in the northern regions of the country, although it is better to plant them on the south side of buildings.
The best predecessors for basil are onions, garlic, cucumbers and cabbage. Seedlings are placed in holes 8-10 cm deep. It is a good idea to pre-dild them with a warm (40°) solution of a growth stimulator.
The more light that hits the bushes, the more fragrant they will be. Potassium compounds have a positive effect on the taste, smell, and formation of flowers, so 3 weeks after planting the plants are fed with potassium nitrate or potassium magnesia, as well as an infusion of ash.
Water the basil regularly and generously. If there is not enough moisture, the basil will throw out the peduncle too quickly, the stems will be short, and the yield will be reduced. Basil blooms from late June to September.
The largest amount of fragrant essential oils is formed during the flowering of plants, then the harvest is harvested. However, they begin to pick one leaf at a time as soon as the basil grows and gets stronger. After cutting off the upper part of the stems, the plants again form young shoots. In the southern regions, cleaning is carried out 3-4 times per season. Basil can grow in a pot all year round.
To obtain lush bushes you need timely pinching.
Drying basil must be done very carefully. The cut grass is laid out in a thin layer in the shade with good ventilation and a temperature not exceeding 30°. If it is steamed or overdried, it will lose both color and aroma.
Reference by topic: Basil: growing in the garden and in a pot
GROWING BASIL SEEDLINGS - VIDEO
© Author: E. ZIMINA, a summer resident with extensive experience
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