Recent Comments gardeners and gardeners:

  • OOO "Sad" on Siderata on the site: what to sow in September- The grown green manure consists of about 5% of minerals and 95% of carbon dioxide, air and water. By smelling it, we introduce almost 20 times more useful substances than the plants took from the soil. However, the amount of nutrition that will be established in the ground after the decomposition of green manure will practically not change. What, for example, rapeseed took from her, then returned. The benefit here is different. Organic residues are food for microorganisms, worms and other “living creatures” in the soil. Channels from rotten roots improve the moisture capacity and breathability of the earth. Some of the carbon dioxide is absorbed by the roots (in dissolved form) and leaves of your pets on the site. Another part of it converts the minerals of the soil into a form assimilated by plants. All of the above and increases fertility.
  • Irina Sarviro on Siderata on the site: what to sow in SeptemberWhy are green manure so useful and are they as good as they are written about?
  • OOO "Sad" on Pine mountain (photo) - varieties and species- The pine, like the juniper, has a taproot, so it will not take root if you cut it off when you dig it up. It is best to transplant a very small plant, then it is easier to keep the root system intact. You can do this in early spring. However, for a small area, such a tree is too large. To reduce its size and moderate growth, I advise you to tie the taproot with a weak knot before planting. You can plant in a container or open ground. The crown of such a pine is better to form in the form of an oval, ball or ni-waki. To do this, every spring the green growths that appear at the ends of the branches must be broken out. Then the branches will fluff in all directions. Such a low tree will look very pretty. However, remember: many different pests hibernate in the bark of the plant. In addition, pine is a habitat for columnar rust, which also “loves” currants.
  • Nina Popkova on Pine mountain (photo) - varieties and speciesSeveral times I tried to take a pine from a forest self-seeding for my site, but it does not take root. Why? When is the best time to dig it up?
  • Irina Gurieva, Ph.D. Comp. FNTS them. Michurin on Sowing flowers for seedlings in January-FebruaryStart pruning fuchsias, pelargoniums, ivy and other plants that are taken out into the garden for the summer. Cuttings can be obtained from pruned shoots and rooted by putting them in water. At the end of January, expose begonia tubers and perennial mother liquors for forcing to propagate them by cuttings.
  • Natalia BRAGINA, Kaluga region on DIY seedling of flowers - sowing and care, pickingIn January, I lay flower seeds for stratification: 3-4 weeks are needed for stratification of seeds of aquilegia, delphinium, lobelia, Chinese rose, primrose; - from 30 to 50 days - planting material of aconite, anemones and hostas; - from two to four months - seeds of irises, clematis, lavender, violets and phlox.
  • Marina DEMCHENKO on What NOT to do when sowing petunia seeds?When using it, petunia seedlings are not affected by the black leg and do not die. I want to share some tricks. You will need a low wide container, on the bottom of which I pour agroperlite or vermiculite with a layer of 1 cm. I cut the bottom of disposable cups. I fill each one with soil. To do this, substituting a palm from below, I tamp the first two spoons so that it does not get enough sleep, put it in a container and fill up the rest of the soil loosely. I spill the substrate with water half the depth of the glass. In the middle I make indentations of 5-3 mm, put seeds in them. And I spray. I close the crops with cling film, send them to the warmest and brightest place. The resulting condensate is removed during ventilation. As soon as the leaves appear, I fill the recesses with earth with a toothpick, spudding the stems. Now the seedlings will grow straight, without falling on their side. I water through the pan, wetting the agroperlite. When they grow up to 5 cm, I simply pour water into the container, controlling the level of moisture in the cups (this can be seen through the transparent walls). The surface of the earth near the neck of the petunias always remains dry, and the black leg does not infect the plants.
  • Natalia VLADIMIROVA, landscape designer, Moscow on Growing delphinium from seedsThe easiest way to get many copies quickly and in one year is to sow seeds. This can be done in January-February, by sowing them dry in a container with light, loose soil to a depth of 1,5-2 cm. Slightly compact the crops and sprinkle them over with a small layer of snow. Then wrap the container in non-woven material - it is more convenient to use a bag with a drawstring (these shoes are often packed in boxes). Bury the crops in a snowdrift on the south side of the house or greenhouse. In early spring, when the snow melts a little and it will be possible to extract the treasured "chest" with crops, put it on the windowsill. When shoots appear and 2-3 true leaves grow, spread the seedlings to a permanent place or to a breeding bed for growing - until autumn. Such delphiniums will bloom next season.
  • OOO "Sad" on Golden currant, the best varieties, planting and care (Moscow region)- Weak fruit set on golden currant may be due to the following factors: - low level of soil fertility, and, accordingly, insufficient supply of the plant with nutrients; - mechanical breaks of branches (say, under the weight of snow); - insufficient self-fertility of the variety, that is, on the site you need to plant at least one more bush of golden currant of another variety (or better - two); - the absence of pollinating insects (bees, bumblebees, butterflies) on the site; - damage to branches by pests; - unfavorable temperature for pollen ripening (it can be a return frost or just a severe cold snap during flowering); - excessive thickening of the bush.
  • Valentin Kopachevsky, Kursk on Golden currant, the best varieties, planting and care (Moscow region)Golden currant does not bear fruit For several years we have been growing a bush of golden currant. The plant is large, blooms well, and there are 20-30 berries for the whole bush. With what it can be connected?
  • D. Bogometova, Saratov on Do not pick off the leaves from the cauliflower - there will be large heads of cabbage!To tie cauliflower Sometimes, for unknown reasons, cabbage begins to fatten, regardless of variety and variety. The leaves are huge, and the heads are not tied (photo 1). Please note: the cabbage leaf is up to my chest. So imagine the size of cauliflower, and this is it. She grew her own from seeds, did not feed anything. Initially, I plant in purchased land: it already comes with fertilizer, which is enough for the growth of seedlings. When my color tree grew to an unprecedented size in the garden, and there were no fork ovaries, I began to cut off the lower leaves to feed the hens (photo 2) - I thought it would still be of no use. My living creatures will not eat such a mountain of leaves right away, so I pinched off a little from the bottom of the stalk. I complained to a neighbor about such a “harvest” - she told me that the cabbage should be watered with ice water: then, they say, it will start. And where can I get it in the summer, ice? However, I had to experiment. The water was frozen in a pan in the freezer and watered every three days for two weeks. And - about a miracle! - in the middle began to look through a small white fork. He grew up small, but his own (photo 3). So I don’t know what helped: breaking leaves in a large volume or cold water? If you have such a problem, try both methods and write how it went for you to find out: is this an accident or a good way to wake up the cabbage?
  • Nikolay BRMIKOV. Bryansk on Way of sowing carrots - advice and feedback about itI want to introduce my readers to my super method of planting carrots. Many years ago, an experienced gardener shared this method with me, and since then I have been planting carrots the only way. And always with the harvest! I start preparing seeds 10-12 days before sowing. To do this, I put the seeds in a cotton cloth, tie a tight knot and bury it in moist soil to the depth of a spade bayonet. During this time, essential oils evaporate from the seeds, which interfere with germination. After the expiration of the above period, I dig out the bundle from the ground. By this time, the seeds will already swell and almost germinate. Next, I pour the seed into a bowl and powder it with ordinary starch, thanks to which the seeds stop sticking to my fingers and become noticeable on the dark earth when sowing. I always sown in the grooves at such an interval that subsequently I do not have to thin out a lot. When sowing seeds, I sprinkle with dry sand. I don't water. After such preparation, carrots sprout together on the third or fifth day after sowing.
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Onion cultivation Exibishen (photo) - reviews about planting and care (Samara)about the Exibishen onion a little. I somehow raised it for seedlings, planted it in the evening, but did not cover it with anything, and the next day it burned out in the sun, alas. She hid it the next year. And although someone wrote that he was not affected by an onion fly, two of my onions were damaged. And to make it sweet, which is why I wanted to grow it, I had to water it properly, and not when it worked out. So a little bit spicy came out, but large, more than 600 g are the largest bulbs. These have grown in the part of the beds where manure was introduced a year or two before. If I sowed this onion for seedlings early (I sowed a little late, in April, it seems), it would grow even larger.
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Winter planting of garlic, onions, shallots, rocumball and tiered onionsthe garlic was generally planted only at the beginning of December. With difficulty, I pried out the upper frozen soil layer on the garden bed with a flat cutter, and with freezing hands Grisha and I (the oldest child, he was seven years old) thrust the cloves into deep narrow holes, which we made with a stick. It's a pity, I can't find a photo of how we plant garlic in the dark with a falling snow ... They thickly mulched it on top - they took a car of spoiled silage from the farm, which they were going to take out there anyway, but took it to us. And this spring, garlic still appeared! But before planting, so that it could take root, it was sprouted in tissue in a saucepan with water at the bottom of the refrigerator so that the temperature difference would be small after home compared to cold ground.
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Planting strawberries in October (late planting) my feedback and resultOnce, quite recently, we spent a whole year in the city and only in late autumn returned to our village. And it turned out that we bought seedlings of garden strawberries, some phlox, irises and tradescantia only at the end of November. It was a bit late, but it worked out, everything wintered well, moreover, two days later after landing, frost -18 without snow had already hit. Where did it winter? And I planted everything in a heap in a shallow long trench, less deep than a bayonet. Above there are several arcs, some kind of torn piece of covering material and an old blanket on top. In the spring, the blanket had to be removed early, or at least the ends to be lifted, since in some places there was a beginning, but nothing was missing - on the contrary, the vegetation process began earlier.
  • Irina KOZLOVA, Matrenino village, Moscow region on Growing melons - care and varietiesI would like to share my experience of growing Vietnamese melon. Everything turned out to be quite simple. The seeds were sown for seedlings in cups at the same time as the cucumbers. She looked after the planted seedlings of melons like cucumber. In the greenhouse, the plants developed excellently, grew a powerful leaf mass, set fruits - green and striped. As the melons matured, they turned red. There was a pronounced melon smell from the ripe fruits in the greenhouse. Children love these edible balls. The melons are delicious, although there is one drawback: most of the fruit is occupied by the seed chamber, and the pulp should be picked out a little, with a teaspoon. I advise you to plant these melons - you will not regret it!
  • A.G. LUSHNIN. Thaitsy on Growing strawberries in buckets for early harvest and warming up the soilAnother important point is the choice of soil. On sandy soils (although someone is trying to do this), large strawberry yields are not to be expected. Why? The answer is simple: sand conducts water well into the subsoil. Therefore, with abundant watering (including with prolonged rains), useful substances do not have time to assimilate and go down, washing away. And if watering is meager, then the plants die of hunger, as I wrote above. Mainly loamy and sandy loam soils containing humus and nutrients are suitable for growing strawberries. In short, we need a “golden mean”. And do not let the water stagnate in the beds! To keep it dry under the bushes, I use different methods: I put sawdust, lay straw, put props or tie the bushes so that the branches do not bend under the weight of the berries.
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on 4 ways to grow currants - on a trellis, on a trunk, bush, columnsTo make currants or gooseberries grow like a small tree, I found an easy way. When planting an annual plant, I put a tube made of polyethylene or other material that does not transmit light on it. I bury its lower end 10 cm into the ground, and leave the upper end on the surface at the desired height above the soil. With this method, the bushes can be planted much closer to each other than usual.
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Infusions for processing onions from onion flies - personal experience and reviewsWith the onset of cherry blossoms, onion fly larvae begin to lay on the beds. Gardeners remember about repellents and begin to actively fight it. I came up with a safer way, without chemicals: I sow carrots next to the onion beds. Its smell completely scares the onion fly! And the smell of onions repels the carrot fly. Downright mutual defense! If you plant garlic and onions next to tomatoes, they will not get sick with phytophthora. And only potatoes do not tolerate being close to tomatoes: late blight affects both of these crops, there is even a danger of transmission of infections!
  • OOO "Sad" on Lilac on the site - cultivation and care. Lilac Kolesnikova (photo of varieties)Because, dear Vera Ivanovna, the lilac in your summer cottage, as in most others, is wild. Why spend money on buying cultivars when there are plenty of “free” wild lilacs around. But then why plant it at all? After all, the main advantage of any ornamental plant is its beauty. This is what breeders take into account in the first place. Another problem: varietal lilacs hardly reproduce by cuttings. Sometimes grafted seedlings are sold, but they have only one varietal branch, which in some cases can easily die. Often the gardener does not notice this. In this case, only wild roots from the root remain on the tree, which bloom later, like any wild lilac - in small flowers and medium-sized tassels. I must admit that until recently it was almost impossible to get a rooted varietal lilac. But recently, own-rooted lilacs have appeared on the markets, propagated by tissue culture, that is, grown in a test tube. Although these seedlings are small in size, they have a number of valuable properties. They are easier to transport, they can be planted not only in spring, but throughout the summer, they take root in the ground much better, grow faster. A fifteen-centimeter tree from a pot will bloom for the third year already and overtake in growth a one and a half meter bush with an open root system planted at the same time.
  • V. AND GUBAREVA Tver on Lilac on the site - cultivation and care. Lilac Kolesnikova (photo of varieties)I read that our breeders have bred half a thousand varieties of lilacs. And when you walk through the village, it’s the same everywhere. Why such monotony?
  • Alain on White varieties of lilac - photo, name and descriptionI chose for a long time before I decided what kind of lilac I would plant in my garden. I went to the store - and there are a great many of them. Sellers say, decide: will you plant grafted or self-rooted lilacs? In general, I had to read and consult. But now I know: in our climate, grafted lilacs live no more than 15 years, and their own rooted ones are more durable. How to choose seedlings. If the lilac is own-rooted, then a good "marketable" seedling should be 50-70 cm tall, have 3-4 skeletal branches and a developed root system 25-30 cm long with many small fibrous roots (not overdried). Examine the bush carefully - there are no cracks in the bark, signs of disease. And then they will offer you freshly cut. Do not take skinny lanky shoots with liquid roots! It will take a long time to wait for it to bloom, it will take several years to form the root system. As for the variety, I am not chasing exotic, I choose our Russian varieties - they take root better and are not inferior in beauty.
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on How to get rid of a butterfly cabbage butterflyI really like to grow cabbage in the garden, the heads of cabbage are good, strong - you cannot compare with the store ones. And they save me from a headache. But from time to time you have to fight the main enemy of cabbage - the cabbage butterfly and its caterpillars. In the early years when we got the site, these pests ate a significant part of my harvest, until I finally learned how to cope with it. I can give some advice here. As soon as the time for pupation of caterpillars comes - I spread brushwood around the cabbage plantings, into which they willingly climb, after a while this brushwood must be collected and burned. Against young cabbage larvae, I advise you to spray the cabbage heads with a solution of lime and salt (for 100 parts of water, take 3 parts of salt and 2 parts of lime). You also need to remember that the next year you cannot plant cabbage on the same beds, at least 4 years must pass.
  • Galina on Honeysuckle - what varieties are for Moscow Region?Honeysuckle ripens earlier than strawberries. Therefore, it is becoming more and more in our gardens. There are few edible varieties, but the jam from berries is delicious. Ornamental types of honeysuckle serve as a decoration of the garden - among them are lianas, and huge bushes that form dense hedges, and tiny bushes that delight the eye with their bizarre shape. Twenty years ago, I inherited a dacha with a plot of land of more than 15 acres, so there was enough space to grow a small garden in addition to a vegetable garden. Since we have a large family, I wanted not only beautiful, but also useful trees and shrubs to grow. Therefore, first of all, I planted sea buckthorn, rose hips, hawthorn and honeysuckle. For some reason, it is not very popular with us, which is a pity, because honeysuckle bushes not only look beautiful, but edible varieties also have delicious berries. And the benefits in them are immeasurable! I say right away: if you plant one bush, nothing will come of it. I mean, it will bloom beautifully, but you will not wait for the berries. The fact is that this plant is cross-pollinated, so plant at least three to four varieties. I can advise: Azure - ripens early enough, the berries are quite tasty and practically do not crumble; Morena - berries are sweet and sour, with tender pulp and also little crumble; The chosen one is the most productive variety, tolerates even severe frosts well, has large and juicy fruits. Since my blood pressure periodically increases, I always eat fresh berries in season, and for the winter I grind them with sugar (for 1 kg of berries - 2 kg of granulated sugar). Just keep in mind that fresh berries are not stored for a long time, so they must be processed within two days.
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Why ovaries fall off - the causesIn June, the ovary falls off the fruit trees. One of the reasons may be a lack of water, take care of abundant watering. Water alone, of course, is not enough: I use nitrogen fertilizers. By the way, about fertilizers. I begin to accumulate organic ones since the fall: this is food waste and plant residues. I notice that many summer residents leave a fallen ovary on the ground: every garden, there are solid pads under the trees. In no case should you leave them - they are full of all kinds of pests and their larvae! Collect and burn. Do not forget to cut off the antennae of the garden strawberries, which are not needed for further reproduction, and lay a bedding on the beds for future fruits. It's time to check all spring vaccinations. If all is well, the garter can be loosened. It is also necessary to remove the growth on the thorns and tie up the young shoots. Offering different methods, many agree on one thing: it is not necessary to use chemistry, especially if there are few pests - after all, all of it will remain in the plants. Better prepare an infusion of dandelion: pour half a kilogram of leaves with 10 liters of warm water. A good remedy for aphids, copperheads and ticks.
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on How to increase the immunity of apple trees (from scab, aphids and not only)There was practically no winter this year, I'm afraid the summer will now be rainy. This means that apple and pear trees will again become infected with scab and fruit rot. I prevent this attack with a XNUMX% Bordeaux liquid. You can spray trees with an ash and soap solution. If I notice affected shoots on raspberries, I quickly cut them off and certainly burn them. The sawfly attacks currants and gooseberries in June. To collect all of its larvae, I recommend using an umbrella: they will no longer fall out of the open umbrella on the ground. I treat the affected branches of the currant with ash and soap liquor, and also increase the feeding. Thunderstorms and winds are frequent in June. So that the garden does not suffer from them, I tie and prop up small trees, shrubs and large flowers that have grown magnificently, just in case.
  • V. KUPRIYANOVA on Cucumber variety ALPINIST F1 - my reviewsLast year I faced the problem of choosing vegetable seeds. There are so many cucumbers that the eyes run up. I bought 8 varieties to plant and see which ones are better. Experimentally, I have found the best variety for myself. It is called Shchedrin. Fruiting is very good, the cucumbers are medium in size, good for salad and pickling. Already bought seeds for next year. And also I want to recommend to everyone the radish Heat and 18 days. Maybe someone else can share information about their favorite varieties? I think it will be useful for everyone.
  • Anton on Amaryllis - hippeastrum - photos and differencesAmaryllis does not bloom (What to do to make it bloom? Brought from Holland 8 years ago, during all this time it bloomed only 2 times. Is this normal or should it bloom more often? If more often, then what should be done? Please help with advice.
  • Michael on Instructions for sowing (planting) a lawnI want to level it in some places on a low and hill section using a plow and a walk-behind tractor, and then walk with a cultivator to level the field under the lawn. So the question arose: what grass for the lawn is better to sow? The lawn is planned to be simple for the opportunity to occasionally walk barefoot on it. There will be no sporting events. Accordingly, I think what kind of grass is better to sow for this (dacha in the west of the Moscow region)? Bluegrass? Polevitsa? Clover? Or is it all in a mixture? Which of the herbs is most resistant to weeds (dandelions) - is not afraid of suppression on their part?
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Veigela (photo) planting, care and reproductionTell me, is it possible to transplant 4-year-old weigela and spirea? If so, how? And another question. There is a beautiful bush next to the site, I want one for myself. How to do it correctly: dig up a shoot (but all the stems are somehow in a heap, I'm afraid to harm the bush) or something else? Katia
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Yves Matsudy (photo) cultivationHelp with advice: you need to choose a tree, spreading, large and adult. A willow tree would be perfect, but I don't know if it will grow. In fact, they grow nearby, but there is a low, 200 meters to the place where I want to plant. Our groundwater is deep. The soil is probably loam. I don't know exactly yet. What other types of trees can you recommend? If willow, what kind? And then there are so many of them, but I need one that mermaids live on - a large one, with hanging branches. Anatoly
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Starfish or mocryric (photo) benefit and harmWicker lice is so named for the similarity of small leaves with the woodlice insect, a great lover of wet places. Scientifically, the weed is called: medium starlet. You should not sin on the whole family of cloves (namely, woodlice belongs to it), mostly it is represented by very cultivated plants, but the family has its black sheep: 3 out of 120 species are weeds. And very tenacious. If the weather is damp, then during the season woodlice manages to give 2-3 generations, and from one plant it turns out up to 25 thousand seeds, the germination of which lasts up to 0 years. At the same time, pests do not attack woodlice.
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Starfish or mocryric (photo) benefit and harmIn my area under the apple trees and currants, woodlice spread out with a real carpet. She not only slaughters parsley, carrots, beets, but also breeds dampness, and with it various diseases. You know the saying, weeds are eaten from the same bowl with the poor, so I decided - well, no, I won't let woodlice "eat" all my plantings and went on the offensive. He began to destroy the enemy even outside the gates, it is from there, along the fence, that it begins to seep onto the site. The main thing here is the speed of action, to be in time before flowering. When weeding, in no case throw woodlice into the aisles - it will immediately catch on with roots, collect immediately in a bucket. It is also necessary to weed woodlice wisely: as a rule, it scatters the stems around itself like tentacles, so do not pull it out from the root right away, first gather all the shoots together, and then pull the plant. If wood lice still decided to settle with you for a long time, you can go for a trick. To make the seeds germinate faster, loosen the ground with a hoe, it is better to do this in sunny weather, then the sprouts will dry out immediately. To protect vegetables from woodlice, spud the plantings regularly. Mulch the beds on which wood lice have settled: with freshly cut grass, it will drown out the weed and serve as a green fertilizer. Organize good drainage in damp places; wood lice do not like dry and sunny places. But if this does not help, then the last resort is herbicides, use them at the end of the season, after harvesting. Modern drugs decompose completely in two weeks, so you don't have to worry about the next season.
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Fertilizing conifers in springWhile the conifers are growing up, they need to be watered abundantly, especially in hot weather, and in the evening and in the morning to arrange a warm shower - spray. Conifers really do not like too dry soil and air. They grow slowly, so do not forget to feed them on time. For this, mineral fertilizers are suitable. Protect your pets from bright sunlight in the spring. Conifers are good in both single and group plantings. Just do not overload the composition: two or three types of conifers will be enough. A common mistake gardeners make: when planting a small Christmas tree or pine tree, they forget that in a few years the trees will turn into giants. Therefore, plant shrubs and flowers around, stepping back from conifers, leave them room for growth. Juniper is good in single plantings, and if you put a picturesque snag next to it, picked up in the nearest forest, then here is the composition for you. If you have the strength and desire, the snag can be sanded, cleaned of the old bark and earth, and covered with varnish or antiseptic.
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Fertilizing conifers in springSomeone fenced off from neighbors with a wooden fence, someone with a netting, and I - with a hedge of fir trees. I read a long time ago that there was such a tradition in Russian estates - to make hedges out of spruce. Time has shown that the ancestors were not mistaken. The hedge has grown fluffy, unpretentious and is not afraid of frost. The main thing is to plant the seedlings correctly. On this occasion, I recalled the story of a gardener. His trees in his country house did not take root in any way, then out of anger he took, uprooted a Christmas tree in the forest, put it in his country house and slightly sprinkled it with earth so that it would not fall. This tree took root with him! Hence the lesson. You will take the Christmas tree from the forest, try to uproot and take with you more native land, although it will seem like one continuous sand, but native microorganisms are there, they will help the tree to take root in a new place. It is better to replant trees in spring - there are more chances to take root. And choose small specimens - they will bear stress more easily.
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Fertilizing conifers in springConifers wake up from hibernation earlier than anyone else. In April-May, pretty spikelets bloom on mature trees. And at this time you can't think of a better decoration for the site! Thank you, experienced summer residents prompted me in time: European conifers often do not withstand our climate, they will suffer for a year and a half, and they will order them to live a long time. Therefore, for myself, I chose the most unpretentious ephedra - juniper. And handsome, and frosts he does not care. It is better to plant and transplant conifers in the spring (in May) or in the fall (in September). I prepare the pit in advance. Be careful when buying plants! They must be sold in closed-root containers. When planting, carefully, without disturbing the clod of earth, pull the seedling out of the container and place it in the planting hole. The root collar should be at ground level. Now cover the plant with potting soil. Carefully compact the earth around, water and mulch with sawdust. Now a beautiful fir-tree Konika is growing on my site. The needles on its branches are dark green, and the growth is bright green, emerald. Junipers also look delightful: bronze-yellow Old Gold, silver-blue Viltoni, bluish-white Blue Carpet.
  • Marina on Tea beds - which tea plants to plant?For many years I have been working as a salesperson in a grocery store, but I will not talk for a long time how difficult it can be to communicate with some customers, because people are all different. She used to cry for hours because of rude unfair remarks, and did not sleep at night, and wrote a letter of resignation more than once, but in the end she returned, because the town is small, it is difficult to find a job, and the child (I am raising him alone) needs to be fed every day ... I began to take sedatives, but it contains valerian almost everywhere, and I do not tolerate it well - it immediately starts to vomit, so I had to refuse. And one day I got into a conversation with my middle-aged neighbor and complained to her about her troubles, she immediately went home and brought me a small bag of dried grass, which gave off a pleasant aroma. It turned out that this is lemon balm, which she grows in her garden. And so the next day after work I made myself lemon balm tea (3 tablespoons per 1 glass of water, insisted for 10 minutes under the lid), and instead of sugar I added honey. I felt like sleeping almost immediately, and most importantly, I didn't even turn in bed, but passed out immediately. Since the donated bag was quickly empty, I asked my mother to plant lemon balm in my garden. Now I enjoy drinking this magic tea myself and advise everyone who needs peace of mind.
  • Victor Istomin. Lipetsk on Luk Suvorov (photo) planting, cultivation and useI know that in our time, especially in large cities, more and more people suffer from baldness, and if earlier it concerned, as a rule, older and middle-aged men, but now it has become a problem for young people as well. Therefore, I advise everyone who wants to strengthen their hair and stop their active loss, to use an old folk recipe. You need to take 7-2 onions, grate on a coarse grater and mix with 2-3 tablespoons of honey. Rub the resulting mixture into the roots of washed hair and tie it with a towel. After 30-40 minutes, wash your hair in warm water (without soap and shampoo). This procedure should be done every 2-3 weeks. The effect of rinsing from herbs, for example, nettle, chamomile, hops, which I recommend to stock up in the summer and use in the cold season, will enhance the effect.
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Luk Suvorov (photo) planting, cultivation and useRejuvenating onions To prolong youth, it is very useful to use onion masks that are suitable for any skin type. For dry and normal skin, a honey and onion mask is useful. Mix freshly squeezed onion juice with honey in a 1: 1 ratio and apply the mixture on your face for 15-20 minutes. For oily skin, such a mask is also suitable. Mix the onion with 6% vinegar (1: 1). Moisten a napkin with the mixture and apply it on your face for 15 to 20 minutes.
  • Olga KOZLOVA on Rhubarb - when to harvest and how to store?I endured my pregnancy very hard, various health problems constantly arose, but most of all I suffered from stomach problems. Especially the first few months, I often had to take sick leave, as it was very difficult to be at work all day. Fortunately, summer has come, and I went on vacation to my relatives at their dacha. There I complained to my aunt about the troubles that tormented me, and she advised a wonderful remedy - rhubarb, which acts very gently, therefore it is recommended as a laxative for pregnant women and children. In addition, rhubarb does not reduce appetite and does not cause, unlike many other laxatives, indigestion.
  • SILIKOVA Ekaterina, Yekaterinburg on Rosehip: planting and care, varieties and beneficial propertiesI want to share a recipe that brought me back to normal life. Several years ago, I developed severe pain in the kidney area, and the doctors made a disappointing diagnosis. I tried various medications, but they either caused me allergies or gave complications to other organs. A colleague, seeing my torment, advised me to start taking rosehips, since we have a lot of them at our dacha. At first, I reacted to this advice with a grain of salt, but then, when I tried it, I felt a significant improvement. Now I practically do not feel pain, and I feel much more cheerful, it is not for nothing that he was very popular with our grandmothers and great-grandmothers. Do you need to pick the rose hips when they are ripe, not earlier? mid-autumn. I prepare a medicinal infusion as follows: 1 tbsp. l. I pour the chopped rose hips. 7 glass of hot water, boil for 10 minutes over low heat, leave for half an hour and filter. Store the finished infusion for no more than two days. Take half a glass 2-3 times a day after meals. And our whole family enjoys drinking tea made from rose hips and rowan berries in winter, so we do not get colds.
  • F. IVANENKO. St. Petersburg on Radish (photo) planting and care: advice and agronomist reviewsRadish with honey - healthy throat - note for mothers My son was four years old, in September he went to kindergarten, as she could no longer sit with him at home, he had to work. At first everything was fine, but as the cold season came, endless colds began. I myself grew up in a rural area and very rarely got sick, which cannot be said about my child. Perhaps the climate affects, because St. Petersburg in this sense is not very good for health. His throat was especially alarming: almost immediately, a cough and complaints of pain. Our pediatrician did not prescribe anything for him, but either there was no effect or it was short-lived - one or two weeks and all over again. At work, they began to look at me badly, I had to urgently call my mother from the village to sit with her grandson. As soon as she saw how I was treating the child, she grabbed her head. First of all, I went to the market and bought a regular radish. I cut a recess in it, filled it with honey, covered it with a cut out piece and left it for 4 hours. After that, she began to give the child 1 tsp. several times a day. Everything, we forgot about the cough. It is not for nothing that they say that with colds, nothing can replace the time-tested folk remedies. I highly recommend this simple recipe to both children and adults. This mixture also has a positive effect, macaw anemia, kidney and bladder stones, gout, liver diseases, flatulence and malignant tumors. It is also used as an antihelminthic agent.
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Celandine - useful properties about which few people knowThis summer, my son brought my granddaughter to visit me for a month, I haven't seen the girl for several years (there was no way, since we don't get along very well with my daughter-in-law). Katya is 12 years old, and, like many children at this age, she has skin problems - acne, redness. Because of this, she is very shy, so I decided to treat her with a proven folk remedy - celandine juice. This herb has never let me down, with its help it relieved my household from corns and warts, and even helped from burns. After a few days of treatment, the granddaughter also showed improvement, and by the end of the month, the skin became completely clean! I gave her a few bottles with me, and I want to share the recipe with the readers. It is not difficult to prepare the juice: the plant must be washed, passed through a meat grinder, squeezed out of the resulting mass through a double gauze and filled into a bottle with a sealed stopper. It needs to be opened from time to time. After 5-7 days, when the juice is fermented, it can be used,
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Simple white cabbage: benefits and propertiesCabbage instead of pills. Beginning at the age of 40, she began to suffer from headaches. At first, the pain appeared several times a month, then once a week, and then almost every day. At first, the pills helped well - you take it at night and forget. And then they stopped acting. I began to try various folk remedies, one of the most effective remedies turned out to be cabbage leaves (preferably using fresh cabbage, if it has been stored for a long time, the effect will be weaker). You need to take a flipper of white cabbage, crumple it so that it starts up the juice. After that, apply tightly to the forehead. You can also lubricate the wrists and the indentations behind the ears with cabbage juice. Now I am 48 years old and I have forgotten about the headache pills.
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Calendula - application in medicine, cooking, cosmetics and cultivation of calendulaMy husband, by the nature of his work, is associated with toxic substances, recently began to complain of pain in his eyes, his inflammation often did not go away for several days, and he got up in the morning with puffy red eyes. He refused to go to the doctor, he said, it will pass by itself. And then I remembered that my ex-mother-in-law was also toying with her eyes and cured them with tincture of marigolds, which abundantly grew in the garden. I also tried to make such a drug. I collected calendula, dried it, and then 2 tbsp. l. flowers dipped in a glass of boiling water and insisted for half an hour. Relief came after the first compress. Now, if I see that my eyes have turned red, I immediately take out this healing herb from the closet.
  • Larisa Kirillova, florist on Do-it-yourself flower garden in pots and the best potted perennialsIt is usually difficult to remember the names of plants, which, for example, prefer sunny locations. But memorizing complex color names is not at all necessary. Try to remember their signs, it's much easier. For example, all drought-resistant plants usually have narrow leaves (carnation, flax, yucca, daylilies). They have gray, pubescent leaves (boletus bindweed, cmin). And, finally, many have fleshy leaves with a waxy bloom (stonecrop, rejuvenated). Remembering these simple rules, you can safely go to the flower market, and our tips will not let you down.
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Do-it-yourself flower garden in pots and the best potted perennialsTo make the flower garden happy, it is not necessary: ​​- to loosen the soil unnecessarily, - to fight too actively with weeds in the spring, when the earth has not yet woken up; - plant short-lived plants: after a few years they will still have to be changed; - feed the plants with fertilizers: they become more sensitive to damage; - plant self-seeding forms near the paths, they will make this area untidy.
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Bulbous flowers: the wonders of distillationThese plants can be left alone for years, they will grow and bloom beautifully every year. Here are the most unpretentious bulbs. Anemone tender White, blue, pink stars. Height - 10 cm. Loves dry hot places. Good in shady landings, curbs. Be careful: all parts of the plant are poisonous! Dwarf daffodils Height - up to 30 cm. They grow as a lush bush, they love the sun or light shade. Primula (primrose) About 500 species. Bright flowers will revive shady areas, look great in flower beds, on an alpine hill, against the background of conifers. Bather Usually European and Asian bathers, their varieties and hybrids grow in flower beds. The European swimsuit has a bush height of 50-80 cm.
  • OOO "Sad" on Do-it-yourself flower garden in pots and the best potted perennialsOf course, the most suitable place for such a flower garden is a balcony, but if it is not there, then we will use the wall of your house and arrange a hanging flower bed right under the window. If the windows face south, the choice of plants is not so great. The abundance of sunlight is loved by nasturtium, gypsophila, alyssum. If the windows face other cardinal points, there is much more choice. Balsam is excellent for growing in shaded hanging gardens. It blooms profusely and uninterruptedly all summer long with large flowers that do not fade for a long time. This plant not only feels great in shade and partial shade, but is also resistant to wind and rain. Pelargoniums, tuberous begonias, and scented tobacco are also suitable. You can send indoor dwellers there for summer vacations: ivy, chlorufigum, fern, tsitsus. If the windows are small, do not frame them with climbing plants, they will seem even narrower. Better to make the hanging box slightly wider than the window and hang it below the level of the windowsill. Larisa Kirillova, florist
  • Z.I. RUMYANTSEVA. Permian on Do-it-yourself flower garden in pots and the best potted perennialsMy dream is to wake up in the morning, open the window and breathe in the scent of my favorite flowers. In the meantime, from my window, a not too joyful view opens up of the lopsided neighbor's barn. Tell me how to arrange a fragrant flower garden right behind the glass?
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Tomatoes in high beds - my reviewsDIY tomato on two legs If you grow tomato seedlings on your own, you have the opportunity to grow bushes on two roots. Choose two plants that are 1 to 2 cm apart. When the seedlings are mature and the stem is thick enough for processing, use a sharp razor to remove the top layer from both plants on the side that they face each other. Strip the stems so that the cambium is exposed, the tissue that allows plants to grow in thickness. Stripping length 2-3 cm. After that, tilt the plants towards each other so that the exposed sections of the stems are combined. Tightly wrap the area with a piece of polyethylene tape, about 1 cm wide. Grow the twin shrub like a normal seedling. Shortly before planting seedlings in the ground, in the plant that develops worse after the operation, pinch the top, leave 3-5 cm above the cut. The plant transplanted into the ground develops rapidly, as it has a powerful double root system. When it finally gets stronger, the ribbon is removed.
  • D. MALKOV, Smolensk on Growing tomatoes under the film - a selection of varietiesDon't skimp on film! Over the past 5 years, many new neighbors have appeared in our dacha village, who bought houses with plots or just land. Basically, these are city dwellers who in their life did not grow anything except flowers on the balcony. But as soon as they become the owners of the land, they immediately begin to imagine themselves as great gardeners and gardeners. They dug up the beds incorrectly, and plant seeds in insufficiently heated soil, and do not get rid of pests, which, by the way, affects the harvest of neighbors. Last year I came here to such a new summer resident with one necessary signature and saw that she was covering her greenhouses not with ordinary plastic wrap, but with white synthetic matting, in which flour and granulated sugar are stored in stores. I say, what are you doing, because tomatoes you see very little light, you will be left without a crop. And she just waved her hand, do not meddle, they say, not in her own business, I myself know better. I looked, and several other "wise men" followed her example - of course, why spend money on glass and good film, when you can take this matting for almost nothing. So they took it upon themselves, I asked them in the fall what kind of harvest they had collected from these greenhouses, either they were silent in response, or they said that they had bad varieties. However, the next year they did not repeat their mistakes, they did others, it is true, but now at least they began to listen to the advice of experienced gardeners.
  • Natalia on Growing blueberries in bags (big bags) planting and care, reviewsI planted three different varieties of blueberry seedlings three years ago. The plants have taken root, but they still refuse to grow upward, giving only small lateral growths. And that's all - you can't get more out of them. I planted it in spruce litter, mulch with sour peat, and feed it with a special fertilizer for blueberries. The place for blueberries is sunny. What am I doing wrong?
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Ogurdynya: photo and cultivationA neighbor tried to plant cucumbers together with melons in the same greenhouse and was unhappy with the result: apparently, the cucumbers were shading the melons. In fact, the danger lies in something else: these crops can become over-pollinated, and then gherds will grow. They, of course, are also edible, but not for everybody.
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Mulberry cultivation - planting and care. Questions and answersa few words about mulberry. There is a lot of controversial information among summer residents about this culture; not everything should be trusted. I'll tell you that this is my favorite berry. The jam from it is awesome! The recipe is as follows. For 1 kg of fruit I take a pound of sugar and half a lemon. I mix, put on fire, boil for 5-6 minutes, remove from heat, wait for it to cool, and boil again for 5-6 minutes. And so six times. Then I sterilize the jars, pour the jam, screw on the lids, and that's it. It couldn't be tastier!
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Sowing carrots in June is not too late ...many different tips regarding carrot sowing. Yes, this culture is not so simple. I, too, managed to make friends with her far from the first time, but my neighbor Nina helped in this matter. I once complained to her that I couldn't do anything with carrots, and Nina said: “On the day when you sow carrots, heat the water to 50-60 °, fill the seeds for an hour, strain them after bathing in a cloth, wrap and rub the seeds with your fingers through the cloth until you hear a distinct scent of carrots. After that, unfold the cloth, take out the seeds, mix them with sand and plant. " And for six years now I have been planting carrots in this way - and I no longer have any problems with it. In addition, I tried to prepare parsley and dill seeds for sowing in the same way. Everything rises perfectly!
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Turnip and rutabaga - what is the difference, growing technology, planting and careThis year I decided to plant a turnip - I saw a colorful bag with the name of the Dedka variety. Planted in June, but it grew too fast. In the description of the variety it is stated that the turnip will grow sweet and juicy, while mine is bitter and tastes like a radish. Whether the heat is to blame for this, I do not know, there is nothing to compare with, I have not grown it before.
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Cultivation of cabbage - varieties, planting and care (Tambov region)I don’t plant the early one, but the middle varieties ripened earlier than the early ones and they all cracked. Late on the way. The forks are large, but I'm afraid they will also start to crack. Apparently, a good harvest will not work either. Color is even worse. She planted seeds in March, planted gorgeous seedlings in mid-April. I thought about getting the first harvest in May or early June. But no! The heat came, my cabbage began to wither and completely disappeared. Now the hope is only for late varieties, although they also do not shine with health. Only if September and October are cool will we be able to delight ourselves with cauliflower dishes. As long as there is hope.
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Do-it-yourself melon - growing sweet watermelons and melonsFrom melons, neither watermelons nor melons in the open field succeeded. At first, they grew wonderfully, even the fruits set, and then the melon aphid flew in, and I could not cope with it. It's a pity of course. But in the greenhouse, two bushes pleased me with melons, very sweet ones grew.
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Why do potatoes grow lumpy?about potatoes. We have been growing it for 30 years, but we have never received such a bad harvest. Yes, the heat, yes, not a single rain, but we watered it well! And the result is zero. This means that the potatoes did not have enough strength to grow normal tubers in such a heat.
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Planting garlic - the best calendar dates and rulesThe onion was a success, but it ripened ahead of time - apparently, the heat also played a role. But the bulbs quickly poured and grew very large. And so that they would not be cooked (I always have the bulbs on top of the soil), I covered all the beds with onions with a spun bond. And again, I’m good for doing this - for many, it just boiled, became transparent. Of course, it will not be stored. I planted onions from seedlings and seedlings from seeds, and from seeds as many as seven varieties. What a gorgeous he grew up, especially Yalta. Unusually sweet! And all thanks to the intense heat. It turns out that the hotter it is, the sweeter it is. But the garlic upset me: I have never seen such a bad harvest. The seed was excellent, so the heat was also to blame. He almost immediately moved from winter to summer, and it is in the spring that garlic increases its vegetative mass, so the heat affected the size of the heads. Yes, and began to dry up before two weeks. But what is, that is, let's say thanks to him.
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Growing bell pepper in a greenhouse - planting and care (Chelyabinsk region)I was pleased with the Bulgarian pepper this year: the bushes are tall, completely hung with large fruits. But this is in the greenhouse, and in the open field there were burns on the fruits. He who was not lazy and made a shelter saved his harvest.
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Dill in the shade and dill compatibility with other plantsThis master grows with me everywhere: in the spring and in July, I just scatter his seeds in all the beds. I noticed that with such a sowing, it grows into a large bunchy bush.
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on We extend the fruiting of cucumbers in August in the Middle LaneIt is important not only to harvest, but also to help each plant to prolong fruiting. Main work: watering and feeding. The main harvest of tomatoes and onions has been harvested, but peppers, cucumbers, cabbage, and zucchini still need watering. Without watering, the cucumbers will become bitter, the pepper will not gain its amazing juiciness, and the cabbage will have small forks. After each watering, I loosen the soil and, if necessary, huddle the plants. In August, I feed it once every two weeks. For cucumbers I breed bird droppings in water in a ratio of 1:10, and for pepper and cabbage I feed with ash: 7 tbsp. l. for 1 liter of water. I continue to fight pests, especially caterpillars on cabbage. An infusion of green burdock leaves helps out. I rejuvenate zucchini: I regularly remove ripe fruits, remove old leaves and water. But carrots during this period must be watered with caution. Frequent and plentiful watering will lead to a loss of juiciness of root crops, but, most importantly, they can crack strongly, and this is a loss of yield. Radish and green radish sown in July on the beds need loose and moist soil (my soil is sandy loam). If there is no rain, I water it often, followed by loosening.
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on DIY vineyard - basic rules for placement and plantingThis year he made me happy: diseases were spared. My main work in the vineyard: cuttings, watering, loosening, removing stepchildren, pruning, protecting berries from wasps. Pruning is carried out in the second or third decades of August: I remove the tops of the shoots, leaving 6-8 leaves coming from the bunches of grapes. I fill the upper part (cut) of the prepared cuttings with molten paraffin using a candle. I put the root part in a solution of a growth stimulator for a day. I plant cuttings in prepared holes or trenches.
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Strawberry-strawberry: planting material + planting + care + feedingThe main planting time for garden strawberries is August. This work must be completed by the end of the month, otherwise the plants will not have time to take root before frost. For planting and transplanting, I use rosettes with three to five well-developed leaves and fibrous roots. The best quality seedlings (whiskers) are obtained from bushes planted last and the year before last. To help the plants take root better, you can dip the roots in a mullein and clay mash before planting. I plant the strawberries carefully, fan the roots, and the heart (upper kidney) should be open. I plant seedlings both under black covering material, and in an open bed, mulching it with pine litter. This is insurance against severe frosts, and a weevil deterrent. On strawberry beds I remove weeds, unnecessary mustache, water and gently loosen the soil between the rows. I do not mow the leaves of the bushes, I only cut off the old ones. Pruning should be gentle, since fruit buds are laid during August - this is what leaves are needed for.
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Harvest currants and gooseberries secret - in autumn pruningAfter picking berries of late varieties of currants and gooseberries, I cut out broken, dry and diseased branches. I thin out too thick bushes, although in the spring I also control. When pruning these crops, in no case should hemp be left - these are convenient places for the wintering of many pests. I spray all the berries from aphids and gooseberry moths with infusion of tobacco, and from kidney currant mites - infusion of garlic, using small cloves.
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Cultivation of felt cherries in the Moscow region - planting and care, varietiesThis year, my garden has suffered losses: the magnificent felt cherry, Beauty, could not stand the frost. It is a pity that from year to year she delighted everyone with her delicate flowering. Cherries varieties Vladimirskaya and plums survived, but the harvest was not given. However, pruning is required. I cut bare and sagging branches for a strong young growth, cut out diseased and dry ones. At the same time, I remove the root shoots: I dig up the soil and cut off unnecessary shoots at the very root, then I fill the hole and compact the soil tightly.
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Growing pears - reviews about varieties, planting time, care for seedlingsThis year there were much fewer fruits on the tree, but everything is juicy and beautiful as one. Since mid-August, I stop watering and loosening the land under fruit trees and berry bushes. It takes time for the wood to ripen better and to stop the growth of the shoots of the current year. To help fruit trees better endure the winter cold, they need to be fed with phosphorus-potassium fertilizer. I apply fertilizers into small ditches dug along the perimeter of the tree crown, i.e. where the bulk of the roots is. Many gardeners apply them right next to the trunk of a tree, but this is just a waste of fertilizer. It is undesirable to apply nitrogen fertilizers closer to autumn - this can cause new growth of branches and reduce the winter hardiness of the plant. After harvesting, I spray trees against aphids, ticks and scab. I scrupulously remove all rotten and dry fruits. I transfer the supports from under the summer varieties of apple trees under the loaded branches of autumn or winter varieties so that they do not break off under the weight of the harvest, and also to improve the illumination of fruits and leaves inside the crown.
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on How to thin out raspberries - how much to remove and how much to leave?Raspberries also need winter care. I untie the fruit-bearing shoots from the wire (I have trellis cultivation) and cut them 1-2 cm below the soil. I remove weak and diseased annual shoots. I shorten the remaining healthy and strong annual shoots to a well-developed bud (depending on the variety) - this contributes to better ripening of the shoots and higher winter hardiness. I burn all cut shoots. After another rain, I feed the raspberries with double superphosphate and potassium salt.
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on What varieties of apple trees to choose for the garden? How to choose them? How much to plant?The summer variety of my apple trees "made me happy" with a solid carrion. It is poorly stored, and the taste is low. Therefore, it is better not to wait for litter, but to start collecting a few days before the fruits are fully ripe. The storage of summer apples is short-lived. I remove the fruits carefully, effortlessly and always with the preservation of the stalk. I use baskets, plastic boxes or buckets as containers. I advise you to cover the inside of the container with a soft cloth, for example, a thin spunbond. I store the harvest in the basement, in the cellar. Never wipe the apples, otherwise you will remove the wax film from them, which protects them from diseases during storage!
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Growing cucumbers and tomatoes in the greenhouse and open field: planting and care from A to ZPay special attention to plants in greenhouses and greenhouses: huddle, pinch and stepchild them once a week. Peppers, cucumbers and tomatoes indoors should be fed once a week. Cucumbers and peppers love organic fertilizers like 1:10 diluted mullein. It is better to feed tomatoes only with mineral fertilizers, because organic ones contribute to the active growth of lateral shoots - stepchildren, which later only shade the plant and worsen aeration, weakening the immune system. Also, remember to wash and disinfect your greenhouse in the fall after harvest.
  • Nadezhda, Novosibirsk on Growing garlic onions from A to Z - planting and care (PHOTO + VIDEO)Dear friends, I am writing in the hope that you will help me figure it out. In 2020, I had a problem with a bow. I planted two types: Gold of the Old Believers (family bow) and another family one (what is the name, I don’t know, my neighbor shared with me, so I call him "Tamarin bow"). I don’t grow onions from sevka, it’s expensive, it’s easier to buy a turnip on the wholesale market. But I plant nigella from seeds and am very happy. Last year she planted three varieties: Ailsa Greig, Globo and Exibishen. The whole onion grew well, pleasing to the eye. The feather was clean and beautiful. The family was constantly twitching at food, did not notice anything suspicious. After harvesting, they raised the crop to the roof. Several times I asked my husband Grigory to turn him around, since it is already difficult to get there herself. But when I did climb in, I found the following picture: the whole onion was struck, as if it had been punctured, and deteriorated. The gold of the Old Believers was hit most of all, Tamarin to a lesser extent, and from seeds - by 20%. He grew up in my different beds. I chose what I could - I do not know if I will save it until landing. Of course, I will plant in another place. I contacted the sellers in garden shops - there was an opinion that they themselves did not know. One said it was a nematode. And I planted large-fruited garden strawberries Marmalade and Chamora Turusi on one of the onion ridges. And in 2019, several of these garlics grew (see photo): right in the stem of the bulb. I planted them - ordinary one-toothed ones have grown. And two heads have grown with a baby on the bottom. This is how Rocumball's hair bow grows, but I don't have it. The garden store said there was a lot of water and fertilizer. What do you think this mutation is?
  • Natalya GLUSCHAK, Altai Territory. on Sow rare flower seeds (late winter - early spring)The formation of buds in cambria does not depend on the season and occurs 9-10 months after the previous flowering. The orchid does not have a pronounced rest period, but between flowering it must rest for some time. During this period, I transplant and propagate it, separating the pseudobulbs. I add charcoal to the pine bark substrate. I protect the plant from direct sunlight. I water it with warm soft water, without moisture stagnation. In the summer I take it out into the open air (tolerates a drop in temperature to +5 degrees). In gratitude for leaving Cambria gives "dancing" colorful flowers.
  • Lyudmila ULEYSKAYA, Cand. Biol. Sciences, Yalta on Care of the ColumnSince October, the plant has a dormant period. At this time, watering is limited, feeding is stopped, and a constant temperature of + 18 degrees is maintained in the room. In December or January, it is reduced to + 12-15 degrees, and this regime is maintained for 4-6 weeks, further reducing moisture. At the same time, it is important not to allow the kolumnea to shed its leaves. If this happens, it is necessary to prune the shoots, which will significantly reduce the flowering intensity in the current year. When the first flower buds appear, the plant is transferred to a warm room.
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Aloe plants (photo) - planting and careThe main requirements for keeping a succulent in winter are coolness (about +10 degrees) and rare watering. A higher temperature is acceptable if sprayed with water, but it should not remain in the internodes to avoid decay. The most common mistake when growing aloe is keeping it as normal, non-succulent plants. In such conditions, the "folk healer" suffers from a lack of light, heavy nutrient soil and abundant watering, leading to acidification of the substrate and the death of roots. However, aloe is amazingly tenacious.
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Top 5 early ripening vegetables to reseedAfter harvesting onions and garlic at the end of July, she sowed green radish and radish, Chinese cabbage. We have already removed the radish, and the radish, and the Chinese cabbage, because the frost has begun. The radish and radish were born wonderfully well, and the Chinese cabbage pumped up a little, but it will go for salads. Greens this year I grew in a greenhouse. I am happy with the result, I will continue to plant there. And I never sow dill on purpose - it grows well with me self-sowing.
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Pumpkins Marble, Pearl and Honey Tale - my reviews about growingSukat pumpkins are orange and sweet, there are few seeds. Zucchini: I grow the Tsukesh variety.
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on The difference in caring for remontant and ordinary raspberries - my adviceMy raspberry is remontant, it gives two harvests a year. It had to be watered twice a day. The slightest drying out of the soil - and the berries crumble in the hands. Gooseberries, red and black currants delighted with the harvest.
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on What varieties of apple trees to choose for the garden? How to choose them? How much to plant?There were a lot of apples and cherries. I have a very old huge apple-tree Bashkir beauty and dwarf, varieties Chudnoe. These apple trees yield a good harvest of delicious apples every year. I made juice from apples, cooked jam, dried and cooked marshmallows.
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on The technology of feeding potatoes with organic matter - my descriptionThe yellow potatoes did not disappoint: she planted two varieties - Gala and Vega. But the pink Rosara upset: I’ll probably plant it quite a bit next year.
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Winter planting of garlic, onions, shallots, rocumball and tiered onionsThis year there was no phytophthora at all, and the onion did not get sick with peronosporosis, it was born good, like garlic. The Exhibiting onion also grew excellent: in the spring it also grew under the covering material so that the seedlings would not burn out from the scorching sun.
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Cultivation of cabbage - varieties, planting and care (Tambov region)White and cauliflower cabbage for me grew for a long time under the covering material so that moisture does not evaporate strongly. In July, the covering material was removed. She sat motionless for a long time - only in August, when the heat subsided a little, began to gain weight and surprised with rather weighty heads of cabbage. I love the grade Slava.
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on The earliest hot pepper - the secret of growingThe peppers grew in the same greenhouse as the cucumbers. Of course, the harvest was worse than last year. I liked the varieties King of the North, Yellow Tusk, Orange Bonus and Gogoshary.
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Cucumber variety ALPINIST F1 - my reviewsMy cucumbers grew beautifully and bore fruit in a greenhouse, which is in partial shade. Especially liked the hybrids Boy with a finger, Gosha and Balkonny.
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on New varieties of blackcurrant resistant to disease - photo and titleI want to ask two questions. To begin with, something strange is happening to me with currants. The first two photos show that my currants (black, white and red) are sick with something - it looks like a moth, but I'm not sure. Please, tell me what it is and how it is treated. Second. I have three pears in my garden, two of them are Chizhevsky varieties - they are healthy, and one is New Year's variety, and she is sick with scab (photo 3). By the way, the same attack on the apple tree, and on the yellow plum. Tell me how to heal my trees? All photos were taken on October 30 this year. Thank you in advance!
  • Alla SUPRUN. Chernihiv on Growing fragrant tobacco variety Sander - photo, planting and careThis year I managed to grow scented tobacco! The fact is that for two years in a row nothing worked for me. I bought seeds, sowed, and real smoking tobacco grew. Nice, but not that. The next year the seeds did not sprout at all, and only the third attempt was crowned with success. The seeds were sown in March in a box. I did not sprinkle it with earth, since they are small in tobacco, and covered it with foil. They went up together, I watered them, ventilated them - everything is as usual. When it was warm, I dropped it off in the garden. And here a surprise awaited me. The fact is that I planted one plant near the porch and there were no problems with it, and I planted the rest not far from the potatoes. And they were almost destroyed by the Colorades. I had to sprinkle the tobacco with red pepper, since there was no remedy for the beetle at that moment at home. Later, the husband processed the potatoes, and part of the drug ended up in tobacco. The pests retreated, and the tobacco started to grow, and how quickly! And when it bloomed, it was like in a fairy tale - like huge stars lit up. Flowers bloom in the evening and emit a captivating aroma. Such that the soul becomes good and joyful ... Flowers of fragrant tobacco of various colors - white, crimson, pink, burgundy. And every day more and more of them are blooming. Plant this amazing plant in your home!
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on 7 questions and answers about mulching - pros and cons and how to do it rightmulch. I'm 100% in favor! Indeed, as a blanket covers and retains the moisture and looseness of the soil. And I also really liked the warm beds, now in the fall we "bury" all the garden garbage in these beds. In addition, our vegetable garden near the house is located on a slope, and we constantly suffered with watering: everything flowed down, in the spring the entire fertile layer slipped away. And in the summer, if it rained like a bucket, the streams would wash out the beds. Therefore, as soon as we saw the fenced beds, my husband immediately began to fence them too, and then I corrected the land in them, i.e. did without bias. And the downpour did not spoil them anymore, and in the spring the snow melted and went into the ground. Of course, we have them not as beautiful as in the photographs in, as they are fenced with old boards and gaps, but the main thing is the benefit.
  • OOO "Sad" on Blooming vines for the middle lane - photos and namesCommon ivy (Hedera helix) is a highly invasive species. It is highly resistant to external influences, undemanding to the composition of the soil and will easily drown out plants that are weaker than it - the same clematis or honeysuckle. Therefore, its growth must be controlled by regular pruning (however, ivy does not spread by rhizomes). The plant quickly forms a dense, weed-resistant green carpet or vertical wall. If you want to make a flowering gazebo, clematis and honeysuckle go well with each other. The duet of clematis and climbing roses looks very impressive, especially varieties blooming at the ends of the shoots. White roses and pink or purple clematis covering their legs look very elegant. Pink-purple roses and blue clematis will provide a more catchy combination. Or purple - along with a rose blooming with yellow flowers. But rooting campsis (Campsis radicans), despite its spectacular appearance and flowering from July to September, I would not recommend planting in the southern regions. It grows quickly, clinging to the support so tightly with aerial roots that it destroys both wood, brick, and masonry. It is not easy to get rid of the aggressor: after removing the mother plant, you will remove the emerging growth for a long time. T. ALEXANDROVA, landscape designer
  • A. Lominskaya Krasnodar Territory on Blooming vines for the middle lane - photos and namesI want to cover the gazebo with vines. Is it possible to plant clematis, honeysuckle, honeysuckle and ivy nearby?
  • OOO "Sad" on How to sow lawn in bald spotsFirst of all, the old sod is removed (the soil is dug up with a turnover or cut off). As much as you prepare the soil, your new lawn will be beautiful and durable. If the earth is clay, then sand and peat are added during digging. With high acidity - lime. And of course, fertilizers. The optimal ratio of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium for lawn grass is 3: 1: 2. The soil is leveled, spilled abundantly and leveled again, and then rolled. By the way, a special roller can be replaced with a rammer made of several bars. The ground must be compacted enough so that the future lawn can be walked on without falling through. Then, having loosened the topsoil with a rake, lawn grass seeds are sown. Seed consumption - according to the recommendations on the packaging of the lawn mixture. The basis of the Kentucky blue lawn is the meadow bluegrass (Roargatensis) of the Kentucky Bluegrass variety. It winters well in our latitudes and provides a high quality lawn. But only on well-cultivated fertile soil. Plants form a dense, strong and durable sod. But bluegrass develops slowly, and for the first two years you will have to carefully remove the weeds on the lawn. In hot and dry weather, plants can dry out, but after rains, the lawn is restored. And despite the intrigue in the name, you will not see a bluish tint on the grass. The bluegrass leaves are usually bright green with a glossy sheen.
  • Ya. Pirogova Kaluga region on How to sow lawn in bald spotsRemoved weeds with herbicide and damaged the lawn, it became "bald". In order to revive it, I sowed seeds of new lawn grass since spring, but it did not take root. In the spring I want to replace the lawn completely, bought the seeds of the Kentucky blue lawn. How to do it correctly?
  • OOO "Sad" on Autumn care for conifersI advise you to try planting apical pachisandra - an evergreen ground cover perennial. It is very hardy and frost-hardy, grows well in the shade, is able to develop on acidic soil, which happens just under the spruces. The flowers of the plant are small, greenish, and the main decorative value is represented by dense dark green leaves. Pachisandra reproduces well by segments of rhizomes with a bud of renewal. The best planting time is early spring. Rhizomes are placed in grooves to a depth of 3-4 cm and sprinkled with loose soil. The distance between the grooves is 20-25 cm. After 2 years, the pachisandra grows well and forms a dense carpet. Also very hardy, unpretentious to soil and watering, periwinkle is small. This root canopy is often planted under trees and grows rapidly, taking root with branching shoots. In May-June, funnel-shaped flowers with five petals appear on the plant, most often they are blue, but there are varieties with white flowers, purple, and the Illumination variety has purple flowers and golden foliage with a green border. You have probably noticed that there is very little snow under the spruces over the entire crown area in winter. To prevent young plantings from freezing, be sure to take care of their shelter at least in the first season. From the bushes, you can choose derens, mock-orange, but over time they will cover the trunk of the spruce with crowns, and it will no longer look so majestic.
  • N. Vorobyova, Yaroslavl on Autumn care for conifersA spruce grows on our site, the tree is quite powerful and is in partial shade (the sun is here only in the morning and in the evening). In the spring, the soil under it is damp, and in the summer it is dry, since the spruce takes up all the moisture. I would like to somehow ennoble this place. Tell me, what kind of ornamental plants that do not require complex care can withstand the neighborhood with a spruce?
  • I. DOBRONRAVOV Oryol on Strawberries in spunbond bags and prolonging strawberry fruitingMy wife and I had to transport my mother-in-law from the village to our place for permanent residence. She missed her garden so much that I found a way to console the pensioner - I built several beds for her in bags using the "African" technology. I used a few standard jute grain bags, but I think sturdy plastic garbage bags will work as well. At the bottom for drainage and stability, I laid a layer of expanded clay with crushed stone. I cut off the neck and bottom of a two-liter plastic bottle, set the resulting pipe in the center at the bottom of the bag and poured expanded clay and sand into it. Then he filled the bag with fertile soil to the level of the top edge of the bottle, carefully took it out, put it back in the center over the soil layer, poured a drainage layer, and earth around the bottle. Thus, he filled the bag to 2/3 of the height (no higher is necessary, since the structure may fall on its side). The drainage rod inside the bag is a good regulator of moisture in the soil (excess is removed, and the deficiency is replenished). When the satisfied mother-in-law actively began to cultivate her mini-garden and gathered the first crop, at the request of the workers, I made small longitudinal cuts on the sides of the bags, into which she also began to plant various greens. To protect the beds from pests and weeds, it is better to install them on bricks or a wooden pallet - and no moles or bears for you. It is convenient to move the bags from place to place, and for their greater stability, you can roll up a frame made of fine-mesh wire or plastic mesh and install it along the walls of the bag from the inside. My friend, as the bag is filled with soil, does not use the bottle, but coils a rubber hose with holes drilled every 5-10 cm - this is both convenient for watering and for ventilation. In general, now we have peace and quiet in our family, the yard is still clean, no dirt, the mother-in-law is happy to tinker in the "African garden", and on the table there are cucumbers, tomatoes and herbs.
  • O. VIKSHANSKAYA Moscow region on Fertilizing eggplant when planting fermented grass and honey (Eagle)Who would have thought that pea pods are a great eggplant feed? This year I conducted an experiment and added pea pod shells to the infusion of nettle and dandelion. Since my grandchildren come to me every summer, I plant a lot of peas. And then she announced the collection of sashes among the children. In a few days, they brought in a whole bunch. Well, I put them into action. After the addition of peas, on the fourth day, the infusion, which seemed to have already fermented, foamed again. Interfered. Ambre ... stings my eyes. But nothing, put on a respirator. When the infernal mixture fermented and the foam settled, she began to feed the eggplants. The fertilizer was diluted 1: 1 and, all in the same respirator, I watered the bushes under the root on the pre-moistened soil. The cake started up as mulch. Eggplants reacted to the new "dish" as if they had been poured with living water. They began to grow actively, gave a burst of buds. If not all, then 70% started, for sure! I didn't keep them on the bush for a long time: as they grew up to the size of a palm, I immediately took them off. And then, no matter how you feed, but such a crop will not stretch out the bush!
  • Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Kleshchevina (photo): planting and growinga beautiful plant - castor oil plant (Ricinus communis). It was named so because of the shape of the seeds, reminiscent of a tick pumping blood (from the Latin ricinus - "tick"). In tropical countries, it grows for many years, reaching a height of 10 m. In the middle lane in a place protected from the wind, it can rise "only" up to 2-3 m. The plants are very decorative and really look like a palm tree. Therefore, castor bean is often planted in flower beds as a tapeworm plant. The plant is considered medicinal, since castor oil is obtained from its seeds. But they can also lead to severe poisoning. Therefore, if you have children, it is better not to let the castor oil plant bear fruit by cutting off the flowers in a timely manner.
  • OOO "Sad" on Family multi-bud onion - planting and care (Kostroma region)The most reliable way is by the number of primordia. I was once prompted this way. It works 100 times out of 100, but you have to sacrifice one onion. It should be cut in half across at the thickest point. And inspect the cut. If there are many primordia, then the onion can be called a family onion: a bulb will grow from each primordium. V. GUSEVA
  • L. Revkova on Family multi-bud onion - planting and care (Kostroma region)How to determine that the onion is a family one?
  • OOO "Sad" on Cultivation of cucumbers in the Krasnodar TerritoryThe main problem in the southern regions is the high air temperature. Unlike the same pumpkins, zucchini and watermelons, cucumber leaves do not have natural protection against overheating, the same aerenhyme or wax coating on the leaves. They also lack strong pubescence, which also prevents overheating. A temperature of 45-50 ° is considered critical for cucumbers. In such conditions, cucumbers with weak branching die very quickly. Therefore, in hot regions it is more advisable to grow hybrids with strong branching. Moreover, the length of the shoots is of secondary importance here, the main thing is that the plant constantly forms new shoots and leaves. They serve as natural sun protection and allow you to extend the fruiting period. It is possible to further increase the heat resistance of plants by installing low-pressure polyethylene sunscreens and maintaining constant soil moisture. The soil for cucumbers can be covered with light-colored mulch (non-woven material, fresh sawdust, etc.). This will protect the roots from overheating. And yet another moment: the heat resistance of a cucumber largely depends on its genetics. In particular, hybrids of Chinese cucumbers are well tolerated in hot weather. I. BELKINA agronomist