reader Reviews Recent Comments gardeners and gardeners: Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Growing tomatoes without watering and other care? (Nizhny Novgorod Region)Caring for tomatoes is primarily loosening the soil. With systematic loosening to a depth of 5-8 cm, weeds, soil crust are destroyed, the soil becomes air and water permeable. After the second loosening, hilling of the bushes is carried out to improve the warming of the soil and facilitate air access to the roots. Hilling is repeated two or three times during the summer, until the plants close in the aisles. 20-25 days after planting in a permanent place, you will notice that the stem of the tomato is covered with “pimples”. These are the beginnings of the roots. Hilling helps to strengthen the root system. Plants develop in cycles. Roots grow first. Then they stop their growth as the vegetative mass begins to grow. Then the roots grow again, but freeze when buds and first fruits begin to form. With improper care, these cycles do not coincide. In order for them to coincide, you need to help the plant at the time of the formation of roots. But we must act carefully. If you spud a plant before the appearance of "pimples", you can seriously harm. After all, additional hilling leaves early, deeper tomato roots without air, and new ones cannot form, because the time has not yet come for them.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Parsnip agricultural technology (humidity, temperature, etc.) - tips and tricks of the agricultural sciencesWell, I just can’t grow parsnips, I’ve been fighting for the second year! Seeds don't germinate. Maybe there is a trick? Respond, who grows parsnips.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Growing potatoes in twin rows mulched with clover - my feedbackI bought a dacha a year ago and I don’t know how to properly mulch the beds. Please tell me in detail, step by step. My entire plot is solid turf, I want the earth to be softer. I also noticed that if you mow the grass and put it on the ground, after a while slugs appear, and a lot! How to be?Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Girlish grapes and Chinese lemongrass in the Moscow region - planting and careAnd I would like to know how to grow Chinese magnolia vine, irgu, quince and other interesting plants in our country house. Thank you.Olga Fedorova. St. Petersburg on Garden and vegetable garden without chemicals from A to Z: mulching siderates and folk remediesThe shrew has unleashed my tulips this spring, most likely, they will not bloom - we have a shrew, I can’t save it, it eats everything - tulips, daffodils, potatoes, carrots ... The neighbors have the same story. We do not know how to deal with it, the whole garden is dug up by its moves, everything disappears. It’s a pity for the apple trees, my grandfather planted them - it digs holes right in their roots! Lord, what to do?Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on 5 best pear varieties for Central Russia - an agronomist advisesPlease tell me, is it necessary to plant pears of different varieties nearby so that they bear fruit better? Five years ago I bought the Lada variety. She began to bear fruit only this year, and there were ... apples on it. And I don't have one! Today I planted Chizhovskaya, and now I don’t know whether to buy anything else. Because I am a pensioner, and I don’t have enough land for experiments. And another question: how to properly vaccinate an apple wild, at what age should the stock be, what is the size of the scion?E. SALTANOZA, Uralsk on Violets (photo) - flower types, planting and careLast winter we just had a problem with heating. The temperature in the apartment dropped to +5 degrees, or even lower. And I have a lot of flowers, including those of tropical origin (saintpaulia, calathea, arrowroot). We have adapted to everything, but such a cold snap is contraindicated for them. My Tropicans caught a cold, especially one violet suffered. I overlooked, did not remove from the windowsill. First, leaves and buds fell off, then the flower stopped growing altogether. For a long time it stood completely “bald”, without leaves. Everything, I think, the violet died, I even wanted to throw it away, but somehow my hand did not rise. And suddenly I look, closer to spring, the leaves hatched, however, small and of some irregular shape. Here I took up the sufferer: I soldered, fed, and, how warm, I took it out to the balcony. And my violet came to life, fluffed up, dressed up, became more beautiful than before. But now I have become smarter - I remembered that I have a couple of old large and completely unnecessary aquariums. And as soon as the temperature in the apartment once again fell below the norm, I put the flowers in the aquariums, and there were containers with hot water. Topped with glass. My flowers don't get cold anymore.Irina TITORENKO, Taganrog on Violet (Viola Viola) - cultivation, care and varietiesI love pansies, they delight with their colorful flowers from early spring to the very frost. Very unpretentious, extraordinarily beautiful. The most important thing is that young seedlings overwinter well. Remember: they can not be covered with sawdust leaves - they will just get wet. Having planted these wonderful flowers once, you will no longer be able to refuse such decoration in your flower garden. Viola loves the light, but in strong sun it will quickly burn out, and in the shade the shoots will reach for the light and the flowers will be small. But if you do everything right and give them a little attention, pansies will surely thank you with their beauty.Marina on Propagation of strawberries with a mustache - IMPORTANT not to water the beds before planting!All gardeners know that seeds are sometimes of poor quality, so you have to use some tricks when working with them. Previously, I bought strawberries only in bushes, but there were cases when unscrupulous producers gave out one variety after another, so I began to grow seedlings myself. This year I purchased the Fresca variety. It belongs to pineapple varieties, so the berry grows large and sweet. At first, I bought ready-made soil (garden soil), filled a bowl with it and poured strawberry seeds on top - without deepening them, but only slightly pressing them to the ground. Now the main secret: water only with warm tap water! And immediately after watering, cover the bowl with glass or film. Seeds germinate in five days. Every day, seedlings should be aired, and watered strictly regularly and only with warm water. Even if your seeds are old and of poor quality, warm water will do the trick and revive them. Look what a great seedling I got! Let me also remind you that strawberries love sunny places, watering and top dressing. Good luck, dear gardeners!L. I. MAKSIMOVA Votkinsk. on Strawberries Baron Solemacher and Alexandrina seeds - the secrets of planting and growingI start sowing strawberries in January, according to the lunar calendar. I take the earth from the garden, mix it with peat and sand in equal parts, pour it into a bucket and steam it for 30 minutes. At the same time, one liter of water is poured onto a bucket of earth. When the earth cools down, I fill a box or other container halfway with it, and then I fill it with snow to the top. Strawberry seeds are very small, it is convenient to sow them in the snow. From above I close the box with glass, but it is also possible with plastic wrap. Glass does not need to be removed from the box for two months until the seedlings get stronger. But twice a day you need to turn it over, shaking off droplets of moisture on the seedlings - this will be instead of watering. A box with seedlings should be placed in a warm place, but at the same time make sure that the air temperature is not higher than 20 degrees. In a place that is too warm, the seedlings stretch out and become weak. And if everything is done as I wrote, she will be beautiful and healthy. After two months, when you remove the glass, do not water the seedlings often. I spray it three times in 10 days with stimulating drugs, three drops per liter of water.OOO "Sad" on 5 best pear varieties for Central Russia - an agronomist advisesThe summer pear variety Bere was bred at the Krasnoyut Experimental Station of the Ukrainian Research Institute of Horticulture. The corolla multiplicity observed by you can be inherited from the Klappa's Lyubimitsa variety, with which, as a parent, a lot of work was done at this station. Clapp's favorite can have both 5-petal and 7-petal flowers. Although the sign of terryness itself can be caused by other reasons. In passing, I will add that the phenomenon of doubleness is less common in a pear than, say, in a plum, but in the literature it is described in some detail. Most often this is the result of the influence of environmental factors or damage by pests and diseases (as, for example, in currants), which disrupt the normal development of the flower. Therefore, if terry does not appear annually and, therefore, is of a modification (caused by environmental conditions) character, then there is nothing terrible in this. But if multipetalism is accompanied by constant deformities of other parts of the flower - stamens, pistils - and there is no harvest, then here we can talk about an undesirable bud mutation of the graft on the seedling that you have become the owner of. V.Borisov, candidate of agricultural sciencesYa.Ogurtsov Belgorod on 5 best pear varieties for Central Russia - an agronomist advisesThe pear branch of the Bere summer variety gives flowers that are not ordinary - not five-petalled, but with a different number - from 5 to 14. How to explain this phenomenon?Rastorguev Krasnodar Territory on Growing unabi (photo) from a stone - my reviews and tipsUnabi fruits for seeds are harvested fully ripe. Usually, after collecting them, I dry them and store them in this form until spring. In a warm room, shortly before sowing, I pour the fruits into a barrel and pour boiling water completely. I insulate the barrel from above with something. From hot water, they swell and soften. I crush the pulp of the pericarp, after which the fermentation process is accelerated. Then the seeds are washed and dried. Now they are suitable for sowing directly to the nursery, because they do not need stratification. Warm soil (15°C) promotes rapid seed germination. I sow them to a depth of 3-4 cm, sprinkle the soil with humus so that a crust does not form. Under favorable conditions and the optimal sowing time, single shoots appear already on the 8-10th day, mass shoots - on the 15-17th, and in just a month and a half up to 50% of the seeds germinate. And further. The nursery site should be free of weeds, with light structured soil. I do not use mineral fertilizers, but I apply organic fertilizers to the irrigation furrows during the loosening of the soil in the phase when the seedlings have 5-6 true leaves. He did everything according to the recommendation of the candidate of agricultural sciences B.L. Massover.Tatiana Shonberg on Growing strawberries all season - varieties, growing methods and careI have been living in Hamburg for the seventh year. The climate here is very different from Dzhambul in Kazakhstan, where she used to live. A lot has to be re-learned. However, I would like to share my experience. I noticed that the best mustaches with strong rosettes are in bushes with few berries. And if you propagate them, then over time the plantation gives less and less yield. That is why, during the fruiting of strawberries, I mark the bushes with the most berries, I take mustaches for breeding only from these bushes, leave 1-2 mustaches and only 1 rosette on them. Now I want to talk about the varieties that I grow. If someone happens to be passing through Hamburg, I will be happy to share the seedlings. Polka. The variety was bred as an alternative to Zenga-Zengana. But surpasses the latter in many ways. The berries are large, purplish red, sweet and very fragrant. But what's interesting. You sniff the berry - it doesn’t smell, but bite it off - and you feel the aroma in your mouth. From one bush I collect up to 2 kg. Medium early variety. Crown. The bushes are large, not thickened. There are few berries, but they are very large, sweet even when half ripe. Very fragrant. The only drawback: the berries grow slowly until they gain weight and ripen. Juliet. The berries are huge, very sweet and fragrant. The yield is high due to the size of the berries, up to 80 g. It grows on any land.OOO "Sad" on Cucumber hybrid variety Emerald Flow F1 - my reviews- To begin with, it would be good to read the characteristics of the selected cucumber hybrid, read the description on the package. It may be indicated there that this hybrid generally forms only female flowers, and therefore there is nothing to cut off. But in general, the advice to pinch the lashes is not devoid of logic: this, indeed, to some extent stimulates the formation of female flowers in the plant. But do it carefully (preferably in the morning). In addition, try to disinfect your hands or the tool with which you remove the lashes so as not to inadvertently transfer a possible infection from a diseased plant to a healthy one.Lilia Samoilova, Roslavl on Cucumber hybrid variety Emerald Flow F1 - my reviewsIt is often advised to pinch the lashes of cucumbers so that they give more female flowers, and therefore more fruits. Does it work with hybrids? Is it worth pinching the lashes to increase their yield?OOO "Sad" on Whether to pick flowers from potatoes - gardener reviews- In fact, the yield of its tubers does not depend on the degree of flowering of potatoes. When potatoes bloom, berries are formed that contain seeds. At first, when potatoes first appeared in Europe as a crop, clothes were decorated with flowers, and they tried to eat these very berries. And since they contain solanine (and this is a poison), they often even received very severe poisoning. If the potato does not bloom, then this is such a feature of the variety, so do not be surprised, perhaps you have just that. Another option: maybe the potato lacks something for the formation of flowers (moisture, nutrition, warmth).Leonid Sergeev on Whether to pick flowers from potatoes - gardener reviewsPotatoes don't bloom. This is bad? They say that if it does not bloom, there will be no harvest. Is it so?OOO "Sad" on Trimming and turfing near-trunk circles instead of digging them - tested BETTER!- Much depends on how you grow these trees and what condition their crown is in. For example, if you do not use either insecticides or fungicides, and you constantly thin out the crown, and it is not thickened, then it is quite possible to plant both vegetable and flower crops there. If you treat trees with insecticides and fungicides, you will have to choose the moment of treatment and select crops so that poisons do not fall on the fruits during spraying. In addition, if you decide to grow vegetables in the near-trunk zone, then you need to make sure that such a neighborhood is not a burden to fruit. It will be necessary to provide all plants with sufficient moisture and nutrition.Vitalina Leonidova, Smolensk on Trimming and turfing near-trunk circles instead of digging them - tested BETTER!There are many fruit trees in the garden, and the space under them is empty. What can be sown or planted in their trunks in July-August?OOO "Sad" on Dishes and canning from Portolac- Purslane is a vegetable crop, which, indeed, without proper control, can quickly turn into a weed. Fighting him is very difficult, but possible. The easiest option is to use a herbicide. It happens that one treatment is enough - the plant dies and does not appear again in this area. However, people are afraid of herbicides. Therefore, you can try to resort to a more environmentally friendly method. First, trim the purslane with a hoe. Then sprinkle the area generously with mowed grass, hay, straw, and best of all with black spunbond. Under it, in a couple of months, no vegetation will remain, and it will be possible to dig up the beds and use them for next year, without fear that purslane will appear. You can do it the old fashioned way - systematically uproot the weeds and dig up the site.Nikolai Samuilenok on Dishes and canning from PortolacThe ubiquitous purslane Purslane has grown throughout the garden. How to get rid of it?OOO "Sad" on Productive and over-harvest varieties of potatoes: name + description + reviewsPerhaps the failure to harvest the Dutch variety is the result of storing the seed tubers at elevated temperatures. This could cause increased germination of eyes, and repeated removal of developed sprouts, and even at late planting, led to crop loss. Further, in order to maintain high yields, seed potatoes of both domestic and foreign varieties require to be renewed every 3-4 years for tubers of superelite, elite, and first reproduction. Otherwise, the yield drops sharply. What are the peculiarities of the Dutch technology? First of all, this is a thorough tillage (loose and finely cloddy structure). Secondly, there should be no weeds on the site. And most importantly - observance of discipline: all techniques are performed efficiently and on time. Our gardeners, including those in the Penza region, can use certain elements of the Dutch technology. Only seed potatoes healed from diseases should be planted; they should not be used below the second reproduction. Tuber heating, germination, optimal timing and planting patterns are required. After germination, tubers are selected for planting, on which at least five eyes have sprouted so that at least 1 stems develop per 30 sq.m. Based on this, 6 tubers are planted, which means that 100 plants per 600 sq.m. Planting of tubers is shallow - by 4 cm. Row spacing is 75-80 cm. When shoots appear, high hilling is done: ridges are made 23-25 cm high and 75 cm wide at the base. After that, other inter-row tillage is not carried out. Repeated (4-6 times) spraying of plants with preparations against late blight is necessary, since Dutch potato varieties are not immune to this disease. Dutch farmers harvest early: for food - in late August or early September, for seeds - in July - early August. Let the harvest be lower, butN. Koshratova Penza region on Productive and over-harvest varieties of potatoes: name + description + reviewsWe bought a potato variety of Dutch selection, and for two years it pleased us with a high yield. And on the third he gave nothing.OOO "Sad" on Ogurlimon (photo) landing and careOf course, a cucumber-lemon (a new variety of foreign selection) is not a lemon at all, but a real cucumber with a stem and leaves characteristic of this culture. But its fruit, both in color and in size, is more like a lemon - hence the unusual name. It is better to plant with 20-25-day-old seedlings grown in cups, so as not to damage the roots during transplantation. The taste of the new culture is also unusual: sweeter than a cucumber, but refreshing like a lemon. My children liked it so much that they eat all the fruits cleanly fresh, and they never had to salt or pickle it, although I read that gardeners do both. I learned how to get seeds from cucumber-lemon and now I don’t know the hassle. There is always something to surprise guests. So there are good news from behind the “hillock”, and good news. Y. Petrov Moscow region, ZhukovskyI. Karabanova Ulyanovsk region on Ogurlimon (photo) landing and care“Reading ads about seeds of new crops, I lingered on a new name: lemon cucumber. What kind of lemon is this and what is it eaten with?Anastasia ROMANCHIK, Gorki on Kohlrabi (photo): 6 lessons on growing and caring for cabbageSo that “burdocks” do not grow instead of a head of cabbage For several years in a row, my cabbage did not want to form a head of cabbage, instead of which broad leaves similar to burdocks grew. Once complained about the misfortune of a friend. And she asks how I fill the holes when planting seedlings and how I then feed the cabbage. It turned out that all my problems were because when planting seedlings in the holes, I threw a handful of fresh manure. Yes, and then often fed the mullein with infusion. Cabbage doesn't need it. Thanks to the advice of a friend, the next year we managed to grow strong large heads of cabbage. And all that was needed was to replace manure with humus and reduce fertilizing with mullein infusion to two per season (the first - two weeks after planting the seedlings, the second - 2-3 weeks after the first). And in mid-July, she made it a rule to spray cabbage with a solution of trace elements. I noticed that after that the crop is stored much better.Lyudmila LASHUK on Pumpkin variety “Honey Spas” - photo and my reviewsAnd pumpkins love kvass. In dry, hot weather, I water pumpkins every other day in the morning. Under each bush I pour 2 buckets of warm water. Once a week I add mullein infusion (1:10) and live kvass (1:10) to irrigation water. I cook it like this. I fill an enameled or plastic bucket up to half with chopped grass. In a two-liter jar I mix 1 liter of warm settled water, 0 liters of jam, 5 ml of Baikal EM-180. I cover everything with gauze and leave it warm. The next day, I pour the mixture into a bucket with wilted grass, mix with a wooden stick, add settled or rain water to the top, close the lid tightly and put it on fermentation in the greenhouse. After about two weeks, a pleasant smell of kvass appears, which means the product is ready. Pumpkins on such grubs grow by leaps and bounds!Anna BESPALOVA, Volgodonsk on The most delicious varieties of peas - my reviews in the reviewPea secret Previously, green peas were harvested once a season. And a couple of years ago, a salesman in a gardening store suggested that if you harvest regularly, once every 2-3 days, peas will bear fruit for several weeks. The fact is that as soon as the peas begin to overripe, the plants stop forming new flowers.N. Marchenko on Soya - planting and care (Chuvashia)Somehow I accidentally bought soybean seeds at the market. I just wanted to eat her fried, as in childhood, when she grew up in the field behind the house. Since then, I grow it every year, allocating a large area. Pre-soaked overnight and then roasted soybeans are very popular with my granddaughters. The smaller two-year-old Julia asks several times during the day: “Give me jays!” And this pleases, because not always what is good for health is tasty at the same time. Maybe your kids will like my simple recipes too. Toasted soy. Soak soybeans overnight, rinse with cold water and fry in a pan. Soy sprouts. Soak the soybeans overnight, and in the morning put them in glass jars or on a damp cloth. Sprout grain in the dark. Remember that excess moisture will delay germination. Sprouts up to 5 cm long are eaten (they become so on the 4th-5th day). This is especially appropriate in winter, when vitamins are so lacking. I eat boiled sprouts or fry them with butter. From 400 g of grains, 1,5 kg of vitamin soy sprouts are obtained."corner". VLoginov, Yekaterinburg on Seedling care in the seedling season - interesting tips from readersMY HOME PHYTOTRON Why do seedlings feel bad in a city apartment? Yes, because the air is hot and too dry. A home phytotron will help to normalize the climate in the room. He collected pots of flowers and pots of seedlings in one corner of the room. Thought out lighting. If your window faces north, northwest or northeast, you will need reflective screens, mirrors will come in handy. All cultures grow better if the window faces east, worse if the window faces west. Both plants and people feel good if the window is oriented to the south. I have a small automatic fountain with a water flow of 22 l / h, but you can even use a manual humidifier. Attention! All electrical outlets and lighting fixtures must be protected from moisture. Artificial light complements natural light well, but lamps should not blind. The most powerful lamps should operate in intermittent mode. I prefer fluorescent. Air humidity is also important. In winter, indoors, it should be 50%. The more plants, the higher the air humidity due to the evaporation of moisture from the leaves. In addition, I ionize the air using the experience of A. Chizhevsky. All this allows you to speed up the cultivation of seedlings, which means that it can be sown two to three weeks later than usual. I tried to plant cucumbers at home, so in the home phytotron the yield was one-fifth more than in previous years, when they grew on a window without illumination. By the way, in order to save electricity, I installed a relay: the entire garden is illuminated for 10 minutes, and then the same amount of time - it rests without light and a fountain. In such a corner (it is light, the fountain beats) it is pleasant to spend free hours. Soon to retire, I will improve myAnna NOSKOVA on Overview of early, middle and late varieties of radish, as well as multi-colored and non-waste radishBy the middle of summer, I have time to miss radish dishes. Therefore, in mid-July, I sow the seeds of this vegetable on the beds that had been vacated by that time. I soak the seeds before sowing in honey water (1 tsp of honey per 0,5 l of water) or a solution of the HB-101 preparation (according to instructions). The grooves are well shed with warm water. I sow sparsely. I mulch with a small layer of humus so that moisture is retained. Seeds germinate quickly. I harvest my first crop in August. And in order to be with radishes until the very frosts, I sow a fresh portion of seeds in the greenhouse every week until the beginning of September.OOO "Sad" on Pashia pear or why does a pear have unusual leaves?- The plant is damaged by gall mites - this is a small parasitic insect that loves to feed on leaf sap. Protective spraying of a pear from a pest is carried out only when it is vulnerable - at the beginning of bud break, and then also at the end of May. For the fight, you can use permitted acaricides (according to the instructions) - for example, Karate Zeon, Ak-tellik, Apollo.Zinaida Topol, Kursk on Pashia pear or why does a pear have unusual leaves?Black dots appeared on the leaves of a young pear (pictured). What is the reason?OOO "Sad" on Pests and diseases of currants and gooseberries and their control- This is a fungal disease of currants: in early spring, overwintered spores fly to the bush, some of them get into wounds and cracks on the bark of young shoots. Gradually, the fungus spreads, forming fruiting bodies - reddish-brown pads up to 2 mm in diameter (they are visible in the photo). Signs of defeat appear in April-May. At first, the bark of diseased trunks and branches acquires a red-brown color, but soon dies off, darkens and becomes bluish-gray. In autumn, young shoots begin to die off en masse. Alas, the treatment of such bushes is ineffective. But you can try. First of all, remove and burn the affected shoots. After the leaves fall, treat the bushes with Bordeaux liquid (300 g per 10 liters of water). Repeat the procedure in early spring before bud break. For the future: choose healthy seedlings of zoned varieties for planting. As a preventive measure, in addition to Bordeaux liquid, spray the plants with a fungicide (Skor, Topsin-M) before flowering twice with an interval of 7 days, and also after harvesting.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Pests and diseases of currants and gooseberries and their controlLast year, in the fall, they planted black and red currants. All bushes are doing well. And this year they found that on one side of the site, almost all plants had some kind of red streaks (see photo). What's this? Anna KopylovaOOO "Sad" on CHERRY: the main rules of agricultural technologyFrom year to year, amateur gardeners make the same mistake: they harvest cherries or sweet cherries and forget about the trees until the next year. But aphids are still active, which draw juices from the leaves. In addition, fungi settle in its secretions, which cause the death of shoots. Therefore, after harvesting, be sure to spray the crowns with an insecticide (Aktara, Fufanon - according to the instructions). Another important task is to keep the leaves on the trees until the natural leaf fall, which are necessary for laying flower buds next year. We must protect them from stains. Therefore, you will have to work with a fungicide (Topsin-M, Skor, Raek). Julia KONDRATENOK, breeder-phytopathologist, Ph.D. agricultural sciencesSummerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on CHERRY: the main rules of agricultural technologyMy husband prune mature cherries in the summer immediately after the fruiting of the tree. First of all, it removes dry and diseased branches, as well as shoots that grow inside the crown or interfere with each other. It is mandatory to cut out basal shoots, tops (powerful fattening shoots). Does not leave in the crown and last year's fruiting branches, which had time to bare by this time. And the growth of the current year, which managed to reach a length of 50 cm, shortens to 30 cm from the base (this technique stimulates branching, as a result of which these shoots will give a bountiful harvest next season). Inga LISOVSKAYA, Minsk Dmitry Kharchevich, Bryansk on CHERRY: the main rules of agricultural technologyWhen the last berries are harvested from the cherry, I help the plant recover. First, I clear the trunk circle from weeds, diseased leaves, berries, branches (I burn all this right away). I loosen the earth. In dry weather, it is important to water the trees: the roots suffer greatly from a lack of moisture, which will have a bad effect on the next year's harvest. I water cherries at the rate of 30 liters per 1 sq.m of the trunk circle. And when the water is absorbed, I add superphosphate and potassium salt to a groove 20-30 cm deep along the periphery of the crown (1 tbsp per 1 sq.m). At the end, I cover the soil under the trees with mulch from rotted sawdust or straw.Ania994 on Garden Azalea FROM SEEDSWitam mam pytanie czy chcąc posiac azalie z nasion moge użyć do tego ziemi do sukulentow ?? Czy musze kupic jakas innaOOO "Sad" on How to measure fertilizer - a memo to the gardener and gardener- On the packages of fertilizers, in addition to their name, the percentage of nutrients in them - the active substance - is indicated. To determine the dose of applying a particular fertilizer, it is necessary to multiply the indicated amount of the active substance by 100, and divide the resulting product by the percentage of the active substance of the fertilizer. For example, urea contains 46% nitrogen. This means that 100 g of urea contains 46 g of active ingredient. If the recommended dose of nitrogen is 50 g per 10 sq.m, we calculate how much urea will need to be added: 50 x 100: 46 \u109d 21 g. If another nitrogen fertilizer, for example, ammonium sulfate, contains 50% of the active substance, then it will be required: 100 x 21: 238 = XNUMX Irina ISAEVA, Doctor of Agricultural SciencesIlya Sinitsky, Leningrad region on How to measure fertilizer - a memo to the gardener and gardenerHow to calculate the rate of their application based on the active substance of mineral fertilizers?Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Hyssop (photo) properties and contraindicationsyou tried it yourself Infusion of hyssop: 100 g of crushed dry grass is poured into 1 liter of boiling water, insisted for 6-8 hours in a thermos. Drink as tea 1/3 cup 3-4 times a day after meals.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Do-it-yourself blue hydrangea - top dressing with aluminum sulfatethe recipe with alum is very old. It refers to those times when the hydrangea croup-8 leafy (and we are talking about it) had only varieties with white or pink flowers. And in order to obtain new colors, a - alum or pieces of iron paired with copper were added to the soil. And then the inflorescences turned chenille. Now the need for this has disappeared, since there are enough varieties of blue, blue and purple on sale. As for the water, it should be soft, because hydrangeas cannot stand lime. For the same reason, not all fertilizers are suitable. It is better to forget about the ashes right away, and from the mineral ones they choose those that are suitable for heather. By the way, the soil should also have a slightly acidic reaction.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Tritsirtis (photos) planting and careI ask those who grow tricyrtis to respond. How does he winter in the suburbs? Should I dig it up for the winter? I covered it with a thick layer of oak leaves, and on top with lutrasil. Survive?Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Reviews of the summer resident about popular remedies against molesThere are humane ways! We dig up a fresh molehill, put a glass bottle of wine (with a long neck) there and bury it so that the neck remains on the surface. Even with a slight breeze, the air begins to buzz in the bottle, creating a noise effect underground. Moles are afraid of noise and leave the site forever. By the way, you can bury bottles not only in mole passages, but also around the perimeter of the entire site. That's it - and everyone is happy.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Plants repelling rodents - rats and miceMice don't like tansy It's been two years since I got rid of mice. The method is very simple. All autumn, before leaving the dacha, I tear young leaves of tansy and lay them out in front of the entrance to the house, in the kitchen, in the room. Mice do not like the smell of this plant and do not appear in the house anymore. I advise you to check this method to get rid of annoying rodents.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Asparagus beans (photo) planting and care - reviews of varieties Laura and LibraIf you don't have much space on your yard, plant beans along with corn in the spring. Corn stalks will become a support for the beans, it will begin to “lag” along them. Get two good harvests in the fall.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Do-it-yourself beer traps from a wirewormTo get rid of the wireworm, in the spring, before digging a plot for potatoes, sprinkle salt over it. One hundred pounds is enough. This should be done every 5-7 years. Also plant beans and peas next to potatoes. And in the fall, prepare tansy (yellow "buttons"), grind and scatter on the site - it helps against all pests.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on To mow strawberries or not?If strawberries are treated with infusion of horse sorrel, they will not get sick. Fill a bucket with chopped horse sorrel leaves (the more the better), cover with water and let steep for a week. Then strain, add liquid soap and spray the strawberries with this solution. Pour the remaining infusion under the bushes.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Dacha, garden and garden with their own hands - a collection of useful FOLK advice and country life hacks 34Useful Gardening Tips I never uproot stumps from old trees in the garden - why waste time when you can just make a hole in the stump and pour a glass of saltpeter into it? For the next season, you just have to throw away the dust. So that the smell from the dunghill does not bother the neighbors, I planted holly lavender around it - it is cold-resistant and very decorative. In addition, wormwood grows on my site, it is very refreshing, and its stems make excellent brooms for the steam room! Do not throw away tea leaves, dry and save for planting onions. Apply it under each bulb, and the harvest will surprise you. To enliven the garden, I use different lights such as Christmas tree garlands, and in every corner of the garden a small fountain beats in the summer. Different types of nozzles allow you to create different configurations of atomizers - stacked, pinwheel, bubbling geyser, etc. For those who come to the dacha on weekends, in order to preserve moisture, it is enough to moisten a layer of newspapers with water and spread them between the beds, pressing them with stones. Lumps of soil over the minks of earthworms - coprolites - need to be raked into a pile, make a hole in it and pour the rest of the milk from the bags there every day. Worms quickly crawl onto such a treat, and by autumn you will have an excellent substrate for seedlings. Moreover, you can add new coprolites to the heap at least every day.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Do-it-yourself flowerbed boxes in the countryI have only had the plot for the first year, but I have already managed to use some tips and I myself would like to share what I managed to do. Not everyone has the means to decorate their site with sculptures and fountains. A lot can be taken from the forest, and I decided to use this. I found a fallen birch in the forest, sawed its trunk into equal parts. Of these, I folded a flower bed, the middle (so that the tree does not rot) was covered with plastic wrap and poured earth. I planted a stunted alissum in such a flower bed, although a wide variety of flowers can be planted.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Fragrant and fragrant plants from pests: a table-reminderPeople against pests I want to share my experience in enriching the land with folk remedies that I use in practice. It is good to plant onions and garlic in the aisles of currants and gooseberries against a kidney mite. You can also use tansy, elderberry, marigolds, marigolds - and you will never have moths. From the wireworm, I advise you to make bait from potato peelings. To do this, you need to fill several cans with potato peels and bury them just below the soil level. After a few days, dig out the jars and shake their contents into a bucket of water. Overeating wireworms will quickly drown in it. Resinous litter (pine) does not allow weeds to grow.Irina on DIY MINI-GARDEN on the windowsill - vegetables at homeI decided to start a garden on the windowsill. I started with the simplest - with a bow. He is so unpretentious that he can be driven out in ordinary water. It's a simple matter, and yet I'll give you a few tips so as not to torment yourself or the plant in vain. We take an ordinary half-liter jar, fill it with clean water, cover it with cardboard on top, in which a hole a little smaller than an onion is cut. We place the onion on the cardboard so that its bottom barely touches the water (otherwise it may rot). If you want the feather to grow faster, before planting the bulb, pour hot water (but not boiling water!), Hold it in it for 12 hours, and then remove the soaked husk and cut off the tail at the top. Before the roots appear, we change the water in the morning and in the evening, and when the pen goes, once a day. And when you change the water, do not be lazy to wash the jar. That's the whole trick. Fuss a little, and there are always green onions at the table. It is best to grow green onions in boxes with soil - you do not need to change the water all the time. Land can be bought at a flower shop. Do not deepen the bulbs into the ground, only so that the bottom is slightly covered. And, of course, don't forget to water.V.I SAMOLETOV on Growing cucumbers at home - suitable varieties and personal experienceRandom cucumbers I grew cucumber seedlings on the windowsills to be planted in the country in the spring. Yes, I overdid it, sowed too much. I planted seedlings in a greenhouse and in open ground, and there are still some left. I put this extra seedling right in the box on the balcony ... and forgot about it. He went to the country, gardened there, almost did not appear in the city. Then already, almost in the middle of summer, he looked at the balcony - and was stunned. Cucumbers have grown, wrapped around the balcony lattice and are blooming better than in the country! But he did not look after, and did not water. I decided to bring the experiment to the end, left everything as it is. And what? Gathered a good harvest. Since then, without any care, I have been growing cucumbers on the balcony.Oksana MALANTSEVA. Ryazhsk on How to grow greens on a windowsill in winter from A to ZGreens on the windowsill At the beginning of October, for a home garden on the windowsill, I dig celery, parsley, lemon balm bushes, basil in a plot with a clod of earth. I transplant into pots or boxes. It should be planted in rows, the distance between them is 10 cm, and between the plants themselves - 5 cm. If there is no box, you can plant 2-3 roots in flower pots each. When planting, the top of the root should be left 2 cm above the ground. It should be watered once a week with settled water at room temperature-1 round. And the greenery on the windowsill is provided to you all winter. If the window is not north, greenery does not require additional illumination. The best pots are plastic, voluminous enough (it is better not to use small ones). Good regular watering is required. In addition to the traditional onion and parsley, chives, basil, marjoram, coriander, rosemary, thyme feel good on the window.Svetlana Anatolyevna BUTORINA on Black pepper - growing at home (on the windowsill)On my balcony (I have it 6 m long) I made a mini-garden. Our balcony is very sunny. I used to keep homemade flowers there in the summer, plant hot peppers, they are decorative. Slowly I began to try other garden plants. Now I definitely grow parsley, celery, basil and sweet bell pepper on the balcony. Varieties of peppers are tall and short. Tall ones grow on the balcony not as tall as indicated in the characteristic. But the fruits themselves are much tastier than those of pepper grown on the site (in a greenhouse). The peppers on my balcony are juicy, the wall is plump, and of the same size as indicated in the characteristics of this variety. Pepper greens do not fade until frost (unlike tomatoes). I grow them in about 5 liter pots. I take garden and purchased land for peppers (11: 2), fertilize once (when they bloom). And I pollinate the flowers by hand with a brush. I want to try growing eggplant this summer.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Top 5 Ways to Control Weeds - Reader Secrets10 Ways to Avoid Weeds When clearing an area for a new vegetable garden, remove the roots of all perennial weeds from the soil. (Seeds will remain, but their germination can be limited.) Beds should be arranged and fertilized on the day the seeds or seedlings are sown. Never dig the passages between the beds (then the seeds will not germinate). If you notice weeds, break up the sides of the beds, and then put them in order - this will prevent weed shoots from taking root. This should be done whenever weeds hatch on the sides of the beds. With regular fertilization in the middle of the bed (7-10 days), there will be almost no weeds there - they cannot stand the concentration of salts. Periodically weed beds with vegetables planted with seeds. The same will have to be done in the aisles between the beds. When weeding passages, cut off the ground part w J of weeds. If the soil is disturbed, numerous new weed seeds will sprout in it. R Never build new beds in the area of a former walkway. Refrain from watering by sprinkling. To prevent water from feeding the roots of weeds in the aisles, turn around the beds with artificial borders.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on My method of growing tomatoes in a greenhouse in the Leningrad region FROM overgrown seedlings.It is extremely important to prevent seedlings from overgrowing. In small containers, she will not receive enough nutrition. If it is transplanted into a large pot, it will still develop very slowly. What to do in such cases? Literally comb the roots. This work is long, laborious, but there is no other way out - the seedlings should not disappear.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Early tomatoes without a greenhouse and other "tomato" tipsI do so. Since autumn, I have been harvesting two buckets of earth without roots and pebbles. On February 20-24, I sow 20-25 seeds in a small box with this soil. I pour warm water and put in a warm place. You can cover with a film so that moisture does not evaporate. Light is not needed. A few days later, when sprouts appear, I put the seedlings on the window. When 2-3 leaves appear, I choose a dozen of the strongest seedlings and plant them one by one in plastic cups. I fall asleep with earth at first half, and as I grow, I add a little. I do the same with the second group of seedlings, which I sow 2-3 weeks later. And in late March - early April, I sow the third group of seeds. Of course, the total number of seeds can be arbitrary, depending on your needs. After sowing the third group, I transplant the first into large, “beer” glasses. Plants tolerate transplants well, they don’t even have time to tie - after all, I prepare both the earth and the glasses in advance. It is convenient to work with a spatula or a wide, non-sharp knife. It is better to fill the earth not to the very top, so that it is convenient to water and pour. I start planting on the beds according to the weather. By this time, my tomatoes are already blooming, and some even have small fruits! By mid-June, fresh tomatoes are already on my table - this is the first advantage of this method. Second, it's much easier to get the job done when growing in this group way. Well, and the third - the most delicious and largest tomatoes are provided to you for the whole summer.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on An interesting way to grow horseradishIn addition to the fact that horseradish grows in secluded corners of the dacha, I also plant it in barrels. I pour loose soil mixed with peat into two small barrels and ... I plant pieces of horseradish root. When it comes time to harvest, you don’t need to dig out the horseradish, just put the barrel on its side and freely extract the whole plant from it safe and sound. Even for the winter, I do not want to part with my charming plant, and I plant a piece of the root in a large pot. And in the cold, a pretty bush of horseradish makes me happy! This unpretentious plant is able to cope with a variety of diseases. People praise foreign fruits, and yet horseradish contains more vitamin C than lemons and oranges.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Do-it-yourself beer traps from a wirewormA few years ago we had a small vegetable garden. Everything would be fine, but the wireworm overcame. The wireworm's favorite food is the roots of couch grass. Manually with this weed in the entire garden can not be handled. Therefore, in the fall, after harvesting potatoes, the site was cleared of tops, grass and carried out a deep digging, removing the rhizomes of wheatgrass. Sowed winter rye, and thicker. Before the big frosts and snow cover, my plot is green, like an “English lawn”! In the spring, before planting potatoes, I mow the green mass and plow it up. This green manure cleans the soil well and drowns out the weed. 2 weeks before planting potatoes, I begin to “feed” the wireworm with food baits. I cut the potato tubers into 4 parts, stick wooden sticks 25 cm long into them and bury them in the area to a depth of 5-10 cm at a distance of 1,5 meters, always with the cut up. After 5 days, I take out the slices, while the potatoes look like hedgehogs, so many wireworms are collected in them. I repeat the procedure again. Then I plant potatoes in rows, but in each hole I put a pinch of the mixture (onion peel, wood ash, needles), which I moisten a little. When the potatoes rise, I again put the bait between the rows: I string pieces of potatoes on the fishing line, I tie a twig to the end. After a few days, I take out the fishing lines with baits and with the larvae that have bitten into them. Along the perimeter of the plot, she always began to plant beans, the wireworm cannot stand them. So I cleared my site of the wireworm without any chemicals. Potatoes began to be born large, even, smooth.Leonid Stepanovich LI/OAROV. Tolyatti on Will an apple tree grow from a seed, and if so, which one?Do-it-yourself apple tree from a seed A few years ago, I decided to try growing planting material from seeds. I took the Anis Scarlet variety, which is most suitable for the climate of the Middle Volga region. I chose the best apples, washed and dried the grains so that there was no mold. Sowed in a special bed in late autumn, under the very snow, so that birds would not peck and mice would not eat. It seems that the winter was not severe, but in the spring there were no shoots for a long time, I already stopped hoping. Only by the end of the first decade of June, sprouts appeared from the ground. Less than half of the seeds sprouted: either they turned out to be weak, or they froze out. But by the end of the summer stretched out on the finger. Selected the strongest, transplanted to a new place. Three years have passed since then. My seedlings have developed well, in the autumn I was convinced that they had reached sizes suitable for grafting (the main shoot is as thick as a pencil). In the spring I will graft with cuttings. I hope everything goes well. In my opinion, having your own seedlings is more reliable than buying them from random hands.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on How to choose the seedlings of the bookmark (planting) for your gardenTry to get hold of seedlings from neighbors and friends you can trust. Demand from sellers documents for the right to trade in planting material, varietal and other certificates confirming the quality of products. In no case do not buy seedlings with leaves, especially pear ones - they will not take root. In autumn, look at the color of the top of the trunk: if it is greenish, the tree will die in the first winter. This is a sign of insufficient maturity or a fatal excess of nitrogen fertilizers applied to artificially accelerate growth. In the spring, ask for a cut in the upper parts of the trunk and main branches. The brown color of the core will tell you that the seedling is frozen in winter (the exception is cherry). On spring seedlings of sweet cherry and cherry, the presence of swollen buds is mandatory. Do not save on planting material: good seedlings are not cheap!Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on How to choose the seedlings of the bookmark (planting) for your gardenSomehow a car with seedlings arrived in the village and trade began. People are happy - seedlings seem to be nothing, they are snapped up. And no one looks at the roots! It happens that a seedling outwardly meets all the requirements, but if the roots are not processed with a talker and even dry, you will not see a healthy tree. Never buy seedlings if their root system is not wrapped in foil, not covered with something wet. Feel the roots - if they are dry. If you take a seedling from friends, still wrap the roots in a wet rag and make sure that they do not dry out until planting (which is better not to tighten). And I want to warn against one more mistake: Outside, chase too large seedlings - they say, they will grow faster and give a harvest. The younger the seedling, the easier it takes root, the less problems with it. The best age is two years.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on What varieties of apple trees to choose for the garden? How to choose them? How much to plant?I can’t understand some modern summer residents - they decide to arrange an orchard and choose seedlings according to the “cheaper” principle. As a result, trees take root hard, get sick, many die ... Much more effort and money are spent than with the right choice. How to choose? First, scratch the bark with your fingernail. It should be firm, elastic, and wet green flesh should show through on the scratch. Dry scratch or flabby bark - scold the seller and move on. Another sign: A good seedling has at least 3-5 skeletal branches. Pay attention to their shape: the normal angle of inclination of the branches from the trunk is 70-90 °. Most of the “spans” occur with stone fruit crops: it is easy to confuse a seedling with root shoots, which is what individual sellers sin. It will take root, but it will not bear fruit. Now about the timing: we bought a seedling - and immediately into the garden! If it doesn’t work out, you can wait a few days, it’s okay, just leave them in a cool place and remember: the roots must be wet all the time! When you decide to plant, place the roots in a bucket of water for 3-4 hours, and when planting, dip them in a bucket with a mixture of soil and humus in equal parts.A. Zhelikhovsky Chelyabinsk Region, Zlatoust on Transplanting forest raspberries to the site and growing them in wheelsIt's hard to believe, but wild raspberries, having moved from the Ural forest to the sites of the first gardeners of Zlatoust forty years ago, live to this day and please with a sweet, fragrant berry. Yes, it was so... The Smolensk nursery in the Chelyabinsk region could not provide planting material. And the gardens walked along the slopes of the mountains, not disdaining inconvenience. The first railroad gardeners cultivated the lands of the iron mine. About this "PX" wrote in the article "Garden on the seven winds." There was a lot of choice in the forest. The berries are both red-crimson, and slightly yellowish. Everyone selected seedlings according to their own understanding. Scientists-horticulturalists scratched their heads too ... North-western winds blow in our region, they thought that uncultivated raspberries would occupy the land in vain, they would not take root. And we ... We rejoice - every year with a delicious berry. A certain agricultural technique has developed. You can not dig aisles: raspberries have superficial roots. You can not bend down the bushes for the winter - they will break their "tons" of snow. In the spring I cut out fruiting branches. Instead of digging the soil - scratching with choppers.Yu.Kritsyn Lipetsk region on Belarusian plum varieties - photo, name and descriptionI completely agree with the author of the note who claims that the plum has a detrimental effect on the pear. For nine years now, a pear has been suffering between two large plums in my garden plot. Poor thing, she doesn't know how to get out of the plum captivity, she leaned to the side, as if she wants to escape from the cruel plums, but it doesn't work. Now in March I will lower the crown of plums, then, I hope, the pear will please with a harvest.E. Lifar Primorsky Krai on Epin's processing of strawberries, raspberries and currants my reviewsThe beds with strawberries are narrow -1,5 m. At first, I kept the rows. But somehow I let it take its course, and my strawberries "loosened". As a result, it was a solid carpet, and, to be honest, I was too lazy to punch rows in the carpet again or plant them in a bush on another bed. I cut strips the width of an ordinary sheet of writing paper from roofing felt, old linoleum, tarpaulin, and “dragged” the garden bed with them before winter. Then covered with grass. I didn't remove the stripes in the spring. In the summer between them, the harvest was good, the berries did not rot, as with a thickened, excuse me, neglected planting. The following summer, at the time of the formation of the mustache, I took off the stripes and rooted the mustache in the vacant place, formed new rows. By autumn, the plants got stronger, and for the winter I again covered them with roofing material and grass. In the spring, he removed the shelter and pulled the strips over last year's fruit-bearing rows. Now it is their turn to die off, giving food to the roots of the "acting" rows. By periodically moving the strips, I partially free myself from work. Naturally, I do not forget about feeding and other preventive work.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Growing tangerine at home - planting and care, tips varietal reviewsThis valuable dietary product improves metabolic processes in the body, increases appetite, replenishes, especially in winter, the lack of vitamins. Also noted are its expectorant, antiseptic and antidiarrheal effects. Both the pulp of the fruit and its peel are used. Fruits and juice are recommended for decreased appetite, beriberi. With microsporia (scab) and trichophytosis (ringworm), repeated rubbing of tangerine juice into the skin is effective. It helps thanks to the phytoncides contained in tangerines.A.N. Miroleeva Sverdlovsk region, Artemovsky-2 on Trees and shrubs with beautiful fruits - photo, description and nameThe inhabitants of Primorye call prickly cherries princepia, or flat seed, a shrub up to 2 m high. The leaves are light green, narrow, the bark on the shoots is light gray. Openwork bush, blooms profusely with yellow fragrant flowers. In the Botanical Garden of Yekaterinburg, the plant shows good winter hardiness, annually and abundantly bears fruit, is resistant to pests and diseases, and is not affected by coccomycosis. The fruits are spherical, juicy, up to 2 cm in diameter, bright red, the pulp has a good sweet and sour taste. The stone is flattened laterally with a beautiful furrowed-hilly surface. The shrub begins to bear fruit in the 4-5th year. Two plants are needed for pollination. At the age of 7-8 years, the harvest is 6-8 kg of berries per bush. Compared to Cherry Polevka Michurin, it has three times the content of vitamin C, 2 times -P-active compounds.V.Kvartalnov on Planting overgrown seedlings - what to do and how to do it right?If the spring dragged on, and even the seeds were sown early, then the result is known - overgrown seedlings. We have to lower the temperature by opening the window, take the plants out onto the balcony. But there is another way. I accidentally noticed that the houseplant Kalanchoe Degremont retards the development of other plants. Somehow he moved Degremont's Kalanchoe from one room to another and placed it close to the pot of lemon. Lemon stopped developing and almost got sick. I had to remove Kalanchoe from the lemon, and he immediately came to life. In the spring, when due to cold weather it was not possible to plant tomato seedlings, I put the Kalanchoe to the seedling box. For two weeks they peacefully grew side by side, only the tomato seedlings seemed to have stopped growing. Later, I read somewhere that this wonderful medicinal plant has a powerful aura, so it “suppresses neighbors with one left”. Kalanchoe Degremont grows well in the room. It has juicy grassy light green leaves, in the axils of the teeth of which sprouts with roots are formed - “kids” that give rise to new plants. In medicine, purulent wounds, ulcers, varicose veins, stomatitis, tonsillitis, sinusitis, acne face are treated with Kalanchoe juice, it’s not for nothing that he is called “home doctor”.Sofya GUSEVA, Chelyabinsk Region on Decorative bow (photo) views - descriptionOrnamental onions bloom in July. At this time, it is important to water the plant. Under natural conditions, the onion calmly tolerates drought, but its cultivated relatives do not like the dry regime and freeze in growth.Svetlana Ivanova on Flowers of hazel grouses - planting, care and reproduction of flowersMy first hazel grouse did not bloom for six years. But now I have already learned to "manage" their flowering. I dig up the bulbs in the summer, when the aerial part turns yellow. I air for a week in a place protected from the sun. Then I put it in a hot, dry place - on the top shelf in the kitchen (temperature - + 27 ... + 35 degrees). It is important that during the storage period the bulbs shrink in size by 2-3 times (this is how the future flower bud is laid). I plant hazel grouse at the end of August so that they take root before the onset of winter cold. I choose a place for landing higher, warm, with light partial shade. The depth of planting bulbs is three times the height of the bulb itself. I add phosphorus-potassium fertilizer (1 tsp) to the bottom of the hole and cover it with a layer of sand so that the bulb does not rot. In the spring, I feed nitrogen on seedlings.OOO "Sad" on Floks paniculate - calendar care of a flower by months- You can, if you really need to. But it should be a cloudy day, a place prepared in advance (7 days in advance) and a mandatory cut of inflorescences.Olga Veremeychik, Smolensk on Floks paniculate - calendar care of a flower by monthsIs it possible to transplant phlox at the time of flowering?OOO "Sad" on Floks paniculate - calendar care of a flower by months- The easiest way is to divide the bushes. In this case, the best results are obtained by dividing plants at the age of three to five years. You can do this work not only in the spring (April-May), but also from the second half of August to the beginning of September. At this time, the buds of renewal are already laid on the rhizomes, so the delenki take root perfectly.Anna Potapchik, Shchuchin on Floks paniculate - calendar care of a flower by monthsHow to propagate phloxes of your favorite variety?OOO "Sad" on Onions: cultivation, photos, properties and features- Almost any perennial onions can be propagated by seeds, and there are several sowing dates: spring, summer, winter and winter. It is more effective to choose summer sowing (mid-late July). The meaning of this period lies in the fact that in the time remaining before winter, the plants have time to germinate, form a rosette of leaves and undergo autumn hardening. The method is especially beneficial if you do not have a heated greenhouse, as it allows you to get greenery as early as possible in spring. Seeds of perennial onions should be harvested as they mature, when they turn black. You can sow them in the garden, but it is better in the nursery, where you can create more favorable conditions for growth. Sowing scheme: between rows - 10-15 cm, between plants in a row - 1-2 cm.Victoria Reaper on Onions: cultivation, photos, properties and featuresChives for seeds I read that chives can be propagated by seeds in July. How to collect and sow them correctly?OOO "Sad" on Growing radish in the Samara region - planting and care- Margelan radish, or forehead - one of the varieties of radish. It differs from the usual one in that it is not so sharp, but even more juicy. Compared to regular spicy radish, it does not keep well, so it is better to grow it in small quantities for food in summer and autumn. Conventionally, it can be called a large radish, and not a radish. The technology of growing Margelan radish is the same as that of the usual one. It is important to protect it from cruciferous flea, especially in the first 2-3 weeks after germination. The term for sowing seeds in the middle lane is the last decade of June, when daylight hours begin to shorten. Spring crops often go to the arrow. Loba grows depending on the variety in 70-90 days, usually ready for harvesting in September. You need to store root vegetables, like carrots, in wet sand or sawdust. Storage time - 2-3 months.Petr Sevostyanov on Growing radish in the Samara region - planting and careI accidentally overheard a conversation between two summer residents about some Margelan radish. What is she? How is it different from the usual? When to sow its seeds in the middle lane? How long is stored?Elena ISAEVA, agronomist on Watermelons in a cold climate - very simple care (Minsk)Downy mildew - a threat to watermelon One of the most dangerous diseases of watermelon is peronosporosis (downy mildew). It appears as a white or grayish powdery coating on leaves and petioles, sometimes on fruits. Later, dark dots form on it. Over time, the leaves on infected plants turn brown and dry. At the first sign of plaque, generously spray all the plants in the garden with a solution of potassium permanganate (1,5 g per 10 liters of water). Remove affected leaves and burn. Once every 10-14 days, spray the watermelons with a fungicide diluted according to the instructions (Amistar Extra). Stop processing 3-4 weeks before harvest.OOO "Sad" on Do-it-yourself vertical garden for cucumbers from tires- Such fashionable beds are different, but they are all vertically fixed containers with soil. There can be any containers, however, in iron and plastic pots, the earth warms up and dries much faster than in ceramic or wooden boxes. Make holes in the pots to drain excess moisture and pour a layer of expanded clay or broken brick drainage on the bottom. Fill with nutrient soil. Place the vertical bed facing east or west. If she looks south, the plants may dry out under the influence of the hot rays of the sun. Then it remains to sow everything and monitor the soil moisture. Nikolai KHROMOV, Ph.D. agricultural sciencesAnna Solovieva, Tula on Do-it-yourself vertical garden for cucumbers from tiresI saw on the Internet vertical beds with greenery. I want to build one next to the summer kitchen. What containers are better to choose?Irina RIABOVA on The amount of water that needs to be poured onto each vegetable - agronomist's adviceSubtleties of cucumber watering I grow cucumbers in open ground and in a greenhouse. I water greenhouses in the early morning before the heat. Those on the street - in the evening. I make sure that the ground is always slightly damp, but not wet. If cucumbers feel a lack of moisture, the fruits will become bitter, and if they go too far with liquid a couple of times, they will become watery and may rot. Therefore, in dry weather, I water the plants every other day, and in rainy weather - as needed.OOO "Sad" on What do pumpkins get sick with - pumpkin, zucchini, squash, etc.: and how to deal with it?Excess nitrogen can cause rapid growth of leaves and stems, but there may be little or no fruit on fattening plants. Therefore, a sense of proportion is important in everything. If you overfed the plants with nitrogen, try to shift the ratio of the content of nutrients in the soil towards phosphorus and potassium. To do this, prepare an infusion of superphosphate (1 tablespoon per 10 liters of water) and pour 1 liter under each plant. After a couple of days, dilute 1 tbsp. potassium sulfate in 10 liters of water and also water at the rate of 1 liter per plant. Phosphorus and potassium will stimulate the formation of flowers. And in order to reduce the amount of nitrogen in the soil, after fertilizing with phosphorus and potassium, pour the bed with an infusion of microorganisms (Baikal, BakSib, EM-Bio). Microbes will quickly remove excess nitrogen from the soil. To speed up this process, pierce the ground with a pitchfork every 0,5 m to enrich it with oxygen. Anton LESHCHEV, Ph.D. agricultural sciencesMarina TsAPNIK, Kaluga on What do pumpkins get sick with - pumpkin, zucchini, squash, etc.: and how to deal with it?Pumpkins do not want to bloom The beginning of summer turned out to be cold. Pumpkins didn't want to grow at all. Therefore, once every ten days I fed them with nitrogen. Nutrients were alternated. First, 1 liter of diluted mullein (1:10) was poured under the root. Then she dissolved 15 g of urea in 10 liters of water and sprayed the plants on the leaves. Over time, the leaves began to grow. However, there are no flowers on either pumpkins or zucchini. Probably unlucky with the varieties ...Nina BELOUSOVA on Weed weed (stellate) - benefits and propertiesIf the wood lice overcame A few years ago, a wood lice started up on the site. Whatever I did: I dug up the site, and carefully weeded out the weeds with roots, but the wood lice did not care. With each new season, it became more and more. Somehow a neighbor passed by and said that I could not cope with wood lice until I deoxidized the soil. She advised me to add a liter jar of chalk per 1 sq.m of the plot in the fall for digging. And next year, on her advice, I applied only mineral fertilizers, no organic matter. And already in the spring I was surprised to notice that there were very few wood lice. And the next season, after one weeding, the annoying weed completely disappeared by itself.Tamara ROMANOVETS on Cabbage kale (photo) use and cultivationIn the heat, every 2-3 days I water the kale with sun-warmed water, which I pour into the grooves between the plants. After a few hours I loosen the bed. The rest of the time I water and loosen the soil once a week. So that the cabbage does not get sick and it is easier to take care of it, I mulch the bed with chopped hay or grass with a layer of 5 cm. Once every one and a half months I feed the feces with a solution of herbal mash (1:10) with the addition of a half-liter jar of ash for each bucket composition. To protect the cabbage from the cruciferous flea, after each rain I liberally dust the leaves with a mixture of sifted wood ash and tobacco dust (1: 1).Victoria ROSTOVTSEVA, Zhlobin on When to plant daikon in open ground and how to care for itTo protect the daikon (and all cruciferous plants in general) from the cruciferous flea, I dilute 1-30 ml of liquid soap in 40 liter of water, spray the crops, and immediately after that I dust them with ground red pepper. If there is a thin white spunbond at hand, then before the emergence of shoots I hide the bed under it.OOO "Sad" on Tomato miner moth - pest control (Krasnodar Territory)If severely damaged by a mining moth, the plant may die. The fight against larvae is really difficult because they live inside the leaves, and contact poisons do not work on them. To destroy pests, treat the affected plants with systemic insecticides diluted according to the instructions, which penetrate the plants and linger in them for a month and a half (for example, Aktellik, Aktara). Anton LESHCHEV, Ph.D. agricultural sciencesEgor IVANOV on Tomato miner moth - pest control (Krasnodar Territory)More recently, I learned that inconspicuous gray butterflies in a greenhouse with tomatoes are one of the most unpleasant pests - a mining moth. It is not the butterflies themselves that are terrible, but their larvae that live in the stems and destroy the plants from the inside. And dealing with these pests can be very difficult. Therefore, recently began to use mechanical methods of protection. I cover the tomatoes on the street with a thin spunbond, and in the greenhouse I tightly curtain the windows and the door with the same material. Butterflies just can't get to my plants!Alexander Gorny, Cand. of sciences on Growing melons - planting, nipping, pollinationHow to pinch gourds Pinch the growing point of pumpkins after the appearance of a pair of fruits. To do this, cut off the tip of the main trunk and leave only two or three side shoots. This will speed up ripening and help form a larger fruit. In melon, the formation of plants can be carried out already in the seedling period. To do this, the central stem of a varietal plant should be pinched over the 5-6th leaf in order to cause rapid growth of lateral shoots with female flowers. In hybrids, on the contrary, female flowers are located on the central shoot, so it is not necessary to pinch it. But after the 2-3rd leaf, it is necessary to pinch the side shoots. On one plant, it is desirable to leave no more than three fruits, which will be located at some distance from each other. Watermelon has quite a lot of leaves, the extra ones need to be plucked. On one plant, no more than three lashes should be left, and on each of them - a maximum of two fruits, and preferably one. All shoots without flowers and fruits must be cut. It is advisable to sprinkle the places of cuts with crushed charcoal to avoid decay.Summerman, gardener and gardener (anonymous) on Stepchildren: break off or leaveDo peppers and eggplants need to be pinched? Peppers Low-growing varieties of pepper (up to 60 cm high) do not need pinching. It is enough just to remove the lower barren shoots and side shoots below the branching of the main stem. Vigorous varieties in the greenhouse must be pinched every 5-6 days throughout the summer. When removing extra stepchildren, leave the lowest leaf on them: it is responsible for supplying nutrients to the ovary located in front of the removed shoot. Subsequently, carry out pinching after the appearance of new shoots in the branching areas. Check every branch of the plant. Leave the most powerful shoot, and pinch the rest or completely remove after the ovary is formed in the new branch. Eggplant Low-growing varieties of eggplant do not need to stepchild. In vigorous varieties, when the top is removed, many side shoots appear. During the initial formation of plants, select the three strongest shoots and tie each separately to the trellis, and remove the rest, preventing them from growing more than 8 cm in length.OOO "Sad" on To apple fruit every year- As a rule, apple trees of the Kovalenko Memory variety finish their growing season (drop their leaves) already in the second half of October. If by this time the trees were green, it means that you overused top dressing in the second half of summer. In autumn, it is possible to treat with urea not earlier than the beginning of leaf fall, since early processing can not only delay leaf fall, but also cause secondary growth. Keep that in mind this fall.Elena Soroka, Svetlogorsk on To apple fruit every yearApple tree varieties Memory Kovalenko 10 years old. Regularly pleased us with good harvests. And last year there were a lot of apples, but they were showered prematurely unripe. I watered, fed, treated with urea in the fall, but the apple tree stubbornly did not want to shed its leaves. And this spring, slowly came out of hibernation. What is the problem?OOO "Sad" on We update red and white currants- It is likely that your currant bushes already have a fairly solid age - more than 7 years. In this case, you need to cut out old branches with flaky bark. If the plant is young, then the damaged bark indicates the presence of a stem gall midge on the bush. The larvae of this pest feed under the bark of shoots (which die within two to three years). If so, cut and burn all damaged shoots.Lily Cossack on We update red and white currantsWhy the currant "peeled off" The bark peeled off on the stems of the red currant. What happened?OOO "Sad" on Spraying with blue vitriol / Bordeaux liquid in the “green cone” phase- Copper sulfate is used to combat fungal diseases of plants, as well as to treat wounds on trunks and branches. The concentration for therapeutic and prophylactic purposes is 0%, that is, 5 g per 50 liters of water. Treatment with a solution of high concentration (10-3%) is an exceptional case (for soil disinfection or mold control on building structures). You have exceeded the recommended concentration by more than 5 times, which is dangerous for both plants and you. And against aphids, use insecticides (Inta-Vir, Iskra, Kinmiks). Prepare the solution strictly according to the instructions, without exceeding the concentration.